# Eric M. Schwarz, Gardiner US

## Eric M. Schwarz, Gardiner, NY US

Patent application number | Description | Published |
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20080215659 | Round for Reround Mode in a Decimal Floating Point Instruction - a round-far-reround mode (preferably in a BID encoded Decimal format) of a floating point instruction prepares a result for later rounding to a variable number of digits by detecting that the least significant digit may be a 0, and if so changing it to 1 when the trailing digits are not all 0. A subsequent reround instruction is then able to round the result to any number of digits at least 2 fewer than the number of digits of the result. An optional embodiment saves a tag indicating the fact that the low order digit of the result is 0 or 5 if the trailing bits are non-zero in a tag field rather than modify the result. Another optional embodiment also saves a half-way-and-above indicator when the trailing digits represent a decimal with a most significant digit having a value of 5. An optional subsequent rewound instruction is able to round the result to any number of digits fewer or equal, to the number of digits of the result using the saved tags. | 09-04-2008 |

20080270495 | INSERT/EXTRACT BIASED EXPONENT OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including an insert biased exponent or extract biased exponent instruction. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270496 | COMPOSITION/DECOMPOSITION OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270497 | CONVERT SIGNIFICAND OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA TO/FROM PACKED DECIMAL FORMAT - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including one or more convert instructions. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270498 | CONVERT SIGNIFICAND OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA TO PACKED DECIMAL FORMAT - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including one or more convert instructions. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270499 | DECOMPOSITION OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270500 | COMPOSITION OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA, AND METHODS THEREFOR - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270506 | CONVERT SIGNIFICAND OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA FROM PACKED DECIMAL FORMAT - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including one or more convert instructions. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270507 | DECOMPOSITION OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA, AND METHODS THEREFOR - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270509 | EXTRACT BIASED EXPONENT OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including an insert biased exponent or extract biased exponent instruction. | 10-30-2008 |

20080270756 | SHIFT SIGNIFICAND OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including a shift significand instruction. | 10-30-2008 |

20090112960 | System and Method for Providing a Double Adder for Decimal Floating Point Operations - A method for implementing an adder including receiving a first and second operand. A sum of one or more corresponding digits from the first operand and the second operand is calculated. The calculating is performed by a plurality of adder blocks. Output from the calculating includes the sum of the corresponding digits and a carry out indicator for the corresponding digits. The sums of the corresponding digits and the carry out indicators in a carry chain are stored in an intermediate result register. Each of the sums in the intermediate result register is incremented by one. A selection between each of the sums and the sums incremented by one is performed. Input to the selecting includes the carry chain, and the output from the selecting includes a final sum of the first operand and the second operand. The final sum is stored in an output register. | 04-30-2009 |

20090132627 | Method for Performing Decimal Floating Point Addition - A method for performing a decimal floating point operation including receiving a first operand having a first coefficient and a first exponent into a first register. A second operand having a second coefficient and a second exponent are received into a second register. An operation, either addition or subtraction, associated with the first operand and the second operand is received. Three concurrent calculations are performed on the first operand and the second operand. The three concurrent calculations include: applying the operation to the first operand and the second operand based on a first assumption; applying the operation to the first operand and the second operand based on a second assumption; and applying the operation to the first operand and the second operand based on a third assumption. A final result is selected from the first result, the second result and the third result. | 05-21-2009 |

20090132628 | Method for Performing Decimal Division - A method for performing decimal division including receiving a scaled divisor and a scaled dividend into input registers. A subset of multiples of the scaled divisor is stored in a plurality of multiples registers. Quotient digits are calculated in response to the scaled divisor and the scaled dividend. Each quotient digit is calculated in three clock cycles by a pipeline mechanism. The calculating includes selecting a new quotient digit, and calculating a new remainder. Input to the calculating a new remainder includes data from one or more of the multiples registers. | 05-21-2009 |

20090132629 | Method for Providing a Decimal Multiply Algorithm Using a Double Adder - A method for performing decimal multiplication including storing a multiplier and a multiplicand in operand registers, the multiplier including one or more digits. A running sum is stored in a shifter and initialized to zero. The method includes performing for each of the digits in the multiplier in order from least significant digit to most significant digit: creating a partial product of the digit and the multiplicand and adding the partial product to the running sum. The running sum is output as the result of multiplying the multiplier and the multiplicand. The performing and outputting are implemented by a mechanism that includes one or more two cycle adders connected to the operand registers, multiplicand multiples circuitry connected to the operand registers, and a result digits register connected to the two cycle adders. | 05-21-2009 |

20090138678 | Multifunction Hexadecimal Instruction Form System and Program Product - A new zSeries floating-point unit has a fused multiply-add dataflow capable of supporting two architectures and fused MULTIPLY and ADD and Multiply and SUBTRACT in both RRF and RXF formats for the fused functions. Both binary and hexadecimal floating-point instructions are supported for a total of 6 formats. The floating-point unit is capable of performing a multiply-add instruction for hexadecimal or binary every cycle with a latency of 5 cycles. This supports two architectures with two internal formats with their own biases. This has eliminated format conversion cycles and has optimized the width of the dataflow. The unit is optimized for both hexadecimal and binary floating-point architecture supporting a multiply-add/subtract per cycle. | 05-28-2009 |

20090210472 | METHOD, SYSTEM AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR IDENTIFYING DECIMAL FLOATING POINT ADDITION OPERATIONS THAT DO NOT REQUIRE ALIGNMENT, NORMALIZATION OR ROUNDING - A method, computer program product and a system for identifying decimal floating point addition operations that guarantee operand alignment and do not require alignment, normalization or rounding are provided. The method includes: receiving an instruction to perform an addition of a first operand and a second operand; extracting a first exponent (EXP) and a first most significant digit (MSD) from the first operand; extracting a second EXP and a second MSD from the second operand; and determining whether alignment between the first operand and the second operand is guaranteed, based on the first EXP, the first MSD, the second EXP and the second MSD. | 08-20-2009 |

20090210656 | METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OVERLAPPING EXECUTION OF INSTRUCTIONS THROUGH NON-UNIFORM EXECUTION PIPELINES IN AN IN-ORDER PROCESSOR - A system and method for overlapping execution (OE) of instructions through non-uniform execution pipelines in an in-order processor are provided. The system includes a first execution unit to perform instruction execution in a first execution pipeline. The system also includes a second execution unit to perform instruction execution in a second execution pipeline, where the second execution pipeline includes a greater number of stages than the first execution pipeline. The system further includes an instruction dispatch unit (IDU), the IDU including OE registers and logic for dispatching an OE-capable instruction to the first execution unit such that the instruction completes execution prior to completing execution of a previously dispatched instruction to the second execution unit. The system additionally includes a latch to hold a result of the execution of the OE-capable instruction until after the second execution unit completes the execution of the previously dispatched instruction. | 08-20-2009 |

20090210659 | PROCESSOR AND METHOD FOR WORKAROUND TRIGGER ACTIVATED EXCEPTIONS - A processor includes a microarchitecture for working around a processing flaw, the microarchitecture including: at least one detector adapted for detecting a predetermined state associated with the processing flaw; and at least one mechanism to modify default processor processing behavior; and upon modification of processing behavior, the processing of an instruction involving the processing flaw can be completed by avoiding the processing flaw. | 08-20-2009 |

20090240753 | METHOD, HARDWARE PRODUCT, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR USING A DECIMAL FLOATING POINT UNIT TO EXECUTE FIXED POINT INSTRUCTIONS - A decimal floating point (DFP) unit is used to execute fixed point instructions. Two or more operands are accepted, wherein each operand is in a packed binary coded decimal (BCD) format. Any invalid BCD formats are detected by checking the operands for any invalid BCD codes. It is determined if an exception flag exists and, if so, outputting the flag; it is determined if a condition code exists and, if so, outputting the code. An operation is performed on the two or more operands to generate a result; wherein the operation takes place directly on BCD data, thus using the DFP unit to perform a BCD operation; appending a result sign to the result of the operation; and providing the result of the operation and the appended result sign as a result output in a packed BCD format. | 09-24-2009 |

20110185157 | MULTIFUNCTION HEXADECIMAL INSTRUCTION FORM SYSTEM AND PROGRAM PRODUCT - A new zSeries floating-point unit has a fused multiply-add dataflow capable of supporting two architectures and fused MULTIPLY and ADD and Multiply and SUBTRACT in both RRF and RXF formats for the fused functions. Both binary and hexadecimal floating-point instructions are supported for a total of 6 formats. The floating-point unit is capable of performing a multiply-add instruction for hexadecimal or binary every cycle with a latency of 5 cycles. This supports two architectures with two internal formats with their own biases. This has eliminated format conversion cycles and has optimized the width of the dataflow. The unit is optimized for both hexadecimal and binary floating-point architecture supporting a multiply-add/subtract per cycle. | 07-28-2011 |

20110213818 | SHIFT SIGNIFICAND OF DECIMAL FLOATING POINT DATA - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including a shift significand instruction. | 09-01-2011 |

20120047190 | Composition of Decimal Floating Point Data - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. | 02-23-2012 |

20130173891 | CONVERT FROM ZONED FORMAT TO DECIMAL FLOATING POINT FORMAT - Machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert from Zoned instruction (CDZT) and extended Convert from Zoned instruction (CXZT), are provided that read EBCDIC or ASCII data from memory, convert it to the appropriate decimal floating point format, and write it to a target floating point register or floating point register pair. Further, machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert to Zoned instruction (CZDT) and extended Convert to Zoned instruction (CZXT), are provided that convert a decimal floating point (DFP) operand in a source floating point register or floating point register pair to EBCDIC or ASCII data and store it to a target memory location. | 07-04-2013 |

20130173892 | CONVERT TO ZONED FORMAT FROM DECIMAL FLOATING POINT FORMAT - Machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert from Zoned instruction (CDZT) and extended Convert from Zoned instruction (CXZT), are provided that read EBCDIC or ASCII data from memory, convert it to the appropriate decimal floating point format, and write it to a target floating point register or floating point register pair. Further, machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert to Zoned instruction (CZDT) and extended Convert to Zoned instruction (CZXT), are provided that convert a decimal floating point (DFP) operand in a source floating point register or floating point register pair to EBCDIC or ASCII data and store it to a target memory location. | 07-04-2013 |

20130191619 | MULTIFUNCTION HEXADECIMAL INSTRUCTION FORM SYSTEM AND PROGRAM PRODUCT - A new zSeries floating-point unit has a fused multiply-add dataflow capable of supporting two architectures and fused MULTIPLY and ADD and Multiply and SUBTRACT in both RRF and RXF formats for the fused functions. Both binary and hexadecimal floating-point instructions are supported for a total of 6 formats. The floating-point unit is capable of performing a multiply-add instruction for hexadecimal or binary every cycle with a latency of 5 cycles. This supports two architectures with two internal formats with their own biases. This has eliminated format conversion cycles and has optimized the width of the dataflow. The unit is optimized for both hexadecimal and binary floating-point architecture supporting a multiply-add/subtract per cycle. | 07-25-2013 |

20130226981 | Round for Reround Mode in a Decimal Floating Point Instruction - A round-for-reround mode (preferably in a BID encoded Decimal format) of a floating point instruction prepares a result for later rounding to a variable number of digits by detecting that the least significant digit may be a 0, and if so changing it to 1 when the trailing digits are not all 0. A subsequent reround instruction is then able to round the result to any number of digits at least 2 fewer than the number of digits of the result. An optional embodiment saves a tag indicating the fact that the low order digit of the result is 0 or 5 if the trailing bits are non-zero in a tag field rather than modify the result. Another optional embodiment also saves a half-way-and-above indicator when the trailing digits represent a decimal with a most significant digit having a value of 5. An optional subsequent reround instruction is able to round the result to any number of digits fewer or equal to the number of digits of the result using the saved tags. | 08-29-2013 |

20130246738 | INSTRUCTION TO LOAD DATA UP TO A SPECIFIED MEMORY BOUNDARY INDICATED BY THE INSTRUCTION - A Load to Block Boundary instruction is provided that loads a variable number of bytes of data into a register while ensuring that a specified memory boundary is not crossed. The boundary may be specified a number of ways, including, but not limited to, a variable value in the instruction text, a fixed instruction text value encoded in the opcode, or a register based boundary. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246740 | INSTRUCTION TO LOAD DATA UP TO A DYNAMICALLY DETERMINED MEMORY BOUNDARY - A Load to Block Boundary instruction is provided that loads a variable number of bytes of data into a register while ensuring that a specified memory boundary is not crossed. The boundary is dynamically determined based on a specified type of boundary and one or more characteristics of the processor executing the instruction, such as cache line size or page size used by the processor. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246751 | VECTOR FIND ELEMENT NOT EQUAL INSTRUCTION - Processing of character data is facilitated. A Find Element Not Equal instruction is provided that compares data of multiple vectors for inequality and provides an indication of inequality, if inequality exists. An index associated with the unequal element is stored in a target vector register. Further, the same instruction, the Find Element Not Equal instruction, also searches a selected vector for null elements, also referred to as zero elements. A result of the instruction is dependent on whether the null search is provided, or just the compare. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246752 | VECTOR FIND ELEMENT EQUAL INSTRUCTION - Processing of character data is facilitated. A Find Element Equal instruction is provided that compares data of multiple vectors for equality and provides an indication of equality, if equality exists. An index associated with the equal element is stored in a target vector register. Further, the same instruction, the Find Element Equal instruction, also searches a selected vector for null elements, also referred to as zero elements. A result of the instruction is dependent on whether the null search is provided, or just the compare. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246753 | VECTOR STRING RANGE COMPARE - Processing of character data is facilitated. A Vector String Range Compare instruction is provided that compares each element of a vector with a range of values based on a set of controls to determine if there is a match. An index associated with the matched element or a mask representing the matched element is stored in a target vector register. Further, the same instruction, the Vector String Range Compare instruction, also searches a selected vector for null elements, also referred to as zero elements. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246757 | VECTOR FIND ELEMENT EQUAL INSTRUCTION - Processing of character data is facilitated. A Find Element Equal instruction is provided that compares data of multiple vectors for equality and provides an indication of equality, if equality exists. An index associated with the equal element is stored in a target vector register. Further, the same instruction, the Find Element Equal instruction, also searches a selected vector for null elements, also referred to as zero elements. A result of the instruction is dependent on whether the null search is provided, or just the compare. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246758 | VECTOR STRING RANGE COMPARE - Processing of character data is facilitated. A Vector String Range Compare instruction is provided that compares each element of a vector with a range of values based on a set of controls to determine if there is a match. An index associated with the matched element or a mask representing the matched element is stored in a target vector register. Further, the same instruction, the Vector String Range Compare instruction, also searches a selected vector for null elements, also referred to as zero elements. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246759 | VECTOR FIND ELEMENT NOT EQUAL INSTRUCTION - Processing of character data is facilitated. A Find Element Not Equal instruction is provided that compares data of multiple vectors for inequality and provides an indication of inequality, if inequality exists. An index associated with the unequal element is stored in a target vector register. Further, the same instruction, the Find Element Not Equal instruction, also searches a selected vector for null elements, also referred to as zero elements. A result of the instruction is dependent on whether the null search is provided, or just the compare. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246762 | INSTRUCTION TO LOAD DATA UP TO A DYNAMICALLY DETERMINED MEMORY BOUNDARY - A Load to Block Boundary instruction is provided that loads a variable number of bytes of data into a register while ensuring that a specified memory boundary is not crossed. The boundary is dynamically determined based on a specified type of boundary and one or more characteristics of the processor executing the instruction, such as cache line size or page size used by the processor. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246763 | INSTRUCTION TO COMPUTE THE DISTANCE TO A SPECIFIED MEMORY BOUNDARY - A Load Count to Block Boundary instruction is provided that provides a distance from a specified memory address to a specified memory boundary. The memory boundary is a boundary that is not to be crossed in loading data. The boundary may be specified a number of ways, including, but not limited to, a variable value in the instruction text, a fixed instruction text value encoded in the opcode, or a register based boundary; or it may be dynamically determined. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246764 | INSTRUCTION TO LOAD DATA UP TO A SPECIFIED MEMORY BOUNDARY INDICATED BY THE INSTRUCTION - A Load to Block Boundary instruction is provided that loads a variable number of bytes of data into a register while ensuring that a specified memory boundary is not crossed. The boundary may be specified a number of ways, including, but not limited to, a variable value in the instruction text, a fixed instruction text value encoded in the opcode, or a register based boundary. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246767 | INSTRUCTION TO COMPUTE THE DISTANCE TO A SPECIFIED MEMORY BOUNDARY - A Load Count to Block Boundary instruction is provided that provides a distance from a specified memory address to a specified memory boundary. The memory boundary is a boundary that is not to be crossed in loading data. The boundary may be specified a number of ways, including, but not limited to, a variable value in the instruction text, a fixed instruction text value encoded in the opcode, or a register based boundary; or it may be dynamically determined. | 09-19-2013 |

20130246772 | RUN-TIME INSTRUMENTATION INDIRECT SAMPLING BY INSTRUCTION OPERATION CODE - Embodiments of the invention relate to implementing run-time instrumentation indirect sampling by instruction operation code. An aspect of the invention includes a method for implementing run-time instrumentation indirect sampling by instruction operation code. The method includes reading sample-point instruction operation codes from a sample-point instruction array, and comparing, by a processor, the sample-point instruction operation codes to an operation code of an instruction from an instruction stream executing on the processor. The method also includes recognizing a sample point upon execution of the instruction with the operation code matching one of the sample-point instruction operation codes. The run-time instrumentation information is obtained from the sample point. The method further includes storing the run-time instrumentation information in a run-time instrumentation program buffer as a reporting group. | 09-19-2013 |

20130247009 | RUN-TIME INSTRUMENTATION INDIRECT SAMPLING BY INSTRUCTION OPERATION CODE - Embodiments of the invention relate to implementing run-time instrumentation indirect sampling by instruction operation code. An aspect of the invention includes reading sample-point instruction operation codes from a sample-point instruction array, and comparing, by a processor, the sample-point instruction operation codes to an operation code of an instruction from an instruction stream executing on the processor. A sample point is recognized upon execution of the instruction with the operation code matching one of the sample-point instruction operation codes. The run-time instrumentation information is obtained from the sample point. The run-time instrumentation information is stored in a run-time instrumentation program buffer as a reporting group. | 09-19-2013 |

20140095563 | Shift Significand of Decimal Floating Point Data - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. For composition and decomposition, one or more instructions may be employed, including a shift significand instruction. | 04-03-2014 |

20140164739 | Modify and Execute Next Sequential Instruction Facility and Instructions Therefore - An modify next sequential instruction (MNSI) instruction, when executed, modifies a field of the fetched copy of the next sequential instruction (NSI) to enable a program to dynamically provide parameters to the NSI being executed. Thus the MNSI instruction is a non-disruptive prefix instruction to the NSI. The NSI may be modified to effectively extend the length of the NSI field, thus providing more registers or more range (in the case of a length field) than otherwise available to the NSI instruction according to the instruction set architecture (ISA) | 06-12-2014 |

20140164741 | Modify and Execute Next Sequential Instruction Facility and Instructions Therefore - An modify next sequential instruction (MNSI) instruction, when executed, modifies a field of the fetched copy of the next sequential instruction (NSI) to enable a program to dynamically provide parameters to the NSI being executed. Thus the MNSI instruction is a non-disruptive prefix instruction to the NSI. The NSI may be modified to effectively extend the length of the NSI field, thus providing more registers or more range (in the case of a length field) than otherwise available to the NSI instruction according to the instruction set architecture (ISA) | 06-12-2014 |

20140201224 | FIND REGULAR EXPRESSION INSTRUCTION ON SUBSTRING OF LARGER STRING - A technique for pattern matching is provided. A processing circuit receives an input string streamed in as input, and the input string is designated into substrings according to predefined bytes. A first substring of the substrings is in a first register to be compared against a pattern of the predefined bytes in a second register. The processing circuit compares the first substring in the first register to the pattern in the second register according to a type of evaluations specified in a third register, and determines state information that includes a number of states achieved for the pattern based on the comparison. The state information is stored in a fourth register to be utilized in a next run for a next substring of the substrings making up the input string, where the next run builds from the state information in the fourth register. | 07-17-2014 |

20140208066 | VECTOR GENERATE MASK INSTRUCTION - A Vector Generate Mask instruction. For each element in the first operand, a bit mask is generated. The mask includes bits set to a selected value starting at a position specified by a first field of the instruction and ending at a position specified by a second field of the instruction. | 07-24-2014 |

20140208067 | VECTOR ELEMENT ROTATE AND INSERT UNDER MASK INSTRUCTION - A Vector Element Rotate and Insert Under Mask instruction. Each element of a second operand of the instruction is rotated in a specified direction by a specified number of bits. For each bit in a third operand of the instruction that is set to one, the corresponding bit of the rotated elements in the second operand replaces the corresponding bit in a first operand of the instruction. | 07-24-2014 |

20140208077 | VECTOR FLOATING POINT TEST DATA CLASS IMMEDIATE INSTRUCTION - A Vector Floating Point Test Data Class Immediate instruction is provided that determines whether one or more elements of a vector specified in the instruction are of one or more selected classes and signs. If a vector element is of a selected class and sign, an element in an operand of the instruction corresponding to the vector element is set to a first defined value, and if the vector element is not of the selected class and sign, the operand element corresponding to the vector element is set to a second defined value. | 07-24-2014 |

20140208078 | VECTOR CHECKSUM INSTRUCTION - A Vector Checksum instruction. Elements from a second operand are added together one-by-one to obtain a first result. The adding includes performing one or more end around carry add operations. The first result is placed in an element of a first operand of the instruction. After each addition of an element, a carry out of a chosen position of the sum, if any, is added to a selected position in an element of the first operand. | 07-24-2014 |

20140208086 | VECTOR EXCEPTION CODE - Vector exception handling is facilitated. A vector instruction is executed that operates on one or more elements of a vector register. When an exception is encountered during execution of the instruction, a vector exception code is provided that indicates a position within the vector register that caused the exception. The vector exception code also includes a reason for the exception. | 07-24-2014 |

20140304314 | Decomposition Of Decimal Floating Point Data - A decimal floating point finite number in a decimal floating point format is composed from the number in a different format. A decimal floating point format includes fields to hold information relating to the sign, exponent and significand of the decimal floating point finite number. Other decimal floating point data, including infinities and NaNs (not a number), are also composed. Decimal floating point data are also decomposed from the decimal floating point format to a different format. | 10-09-2014 |

20150089152 | MANAGING HIGH-CONFLICT CACHE LINES IN TRANSACTIONAL MEMORY COMPUTING ENVIRONMENTS - Cache lines in a computing environment with transactional memory are configurable with a coherency mode. Cache lines in full-line coherency mode are operated or managed with full-line granularity. Cache lines in sub-line coherency mode are operated or managed as sub-cache line portions of a full cache line. When a transaction accessing a cache line in full-line coherency mode results in a transactional abort, the cache line may be placed in sub-line coherency mode if the cache line is a high-conflict cache line. The cache line may be associated with a counter in a conflict address detection table that is incremented whenever a transaction conflict is detected for the cache line. The cache line may be a high-conflict cache line when the counter satisfies a high-conflict criterion, such as reaching a threshold value. The cache line may be returned to full-line coherency mode when a reset criterion is satisfied. | 03-26-2015 |

20150089153 | IDENTIFYING HIGH-CONFLICT CACHE LINES IN TRANSACTIONAL MEMORY COMPUTING ENVIRONMENTS - Cache lines in a computing environment with transactional memory are configurable with a coherency mode and are associated with a high-conflict indicator. Cache lines in full-line coherency mode are operated or managed with full-line granularity. Cache lines in sub-line coherency mode are operated or managed as sub-cache line portions of a full cache line. A cache line is placed in sub-line coherency mode based on examining the high-conflict indicator. A transaction accessing a memory address in a cache line in sub-line coherency mode marks only the sub-cache line portion associated with the memory address as transactionally accessed. The high-conflict indicator may be included in a set of descriptive bits associated with the cache line. A copy of the high-conflict indicator for a cache line in a first cache may be updated with the high-conflict indicator for the cache line in a second cache. | 03-26-2015 |

20150089154 | MANAGING HIGH-COHERENCE-MISS CACHE LINES IN MULTI-PROCESSOR COMPUTING ENVIRONMENTS - Cache lines in a multi-processor computing environment are configurable with a coherency mode. Cache lines in full-line coherency mode are operated or managed with full-line granularity. Cache lines in sub-line coherency mode are operated or managed as sub-cache line portions of a full cache line. A high-coherence-miss cache line may be placed in sub-line coherency mode. A cache line may be associated with a counter in a coherence miss detection table that is incremented whenever an access of the cache line results in a coherence request. The cache line may be a high-coherence-miss cache line when the counter satisfies a high-coherence-miss criterion, such as reaching a threshold value. The cache line may be returned to full-line coherency mode when a reset criterion is satisfied. | 03-26-2015 |

20150089155 | CENTRALIZED MANAGEMENT OF HIGH-CONTENTION CACHE LINES IN MULTI-PROCESSOR COMPUTING ENVIRONMENTS - Cache lines in a multi-processor computing environment are configurable with a coherency mode. Cache lines in full-line coherency mode are operated or managed with full-line granularity. Cache lines in sub-line coherency mode are operated or managed as sub-cache line portions of a full cache line. Communications detected on a coherence interconnect may indicate that a cache line is associated with performance-reducing events. A high-contention cache line may be placed in sub-line coherency mode. Caches accessing the cache line are notified that the cache line is in sub-line coherency mode. The cache line may be associated with a counter in a centralized detection table that is incremented based on detecting the communications. The cache line may be a high-contention cache line when the counter satisfies a high-contention criterion, such as reaching a threshold value. The cache line may be returned to full-line coherency mode when a reset criterion is satisfied. | 03-26-2015 |

20150089159 | MULTI-GRANULAR CACHE MANAGEMENT IN MULTI-PROCESSOR COMPUTING ENVIRONMENTS - Cache lines in a multi-processor computing environment are configurable with a coherency mode. Cache lines in full-line coherency mode are operated or managed with full-line granularity. Cache lines in sub-line coherency mode are operated or managed as sub-cache line portions of a full cache line. Each cache is associated with a directory having a number of directory entries and with a side table having a smaller number of entries. The directory entry for a cache line associates the cache line with a tag and a set of full-line descriptive bits. Creating a side table entry for the cache line places the cache line in sub-line coherency mode. The side table entry associates each of the sub-cache line portions of the cache line with a set of sub-line descriptive bits. Removing the side table entry may return the cache line to full-line coherency mode. | 03-26-2015 |

20150089205 | CONVERT FROM ZONED FORMAT TO DECIMAL FLOATING POINT FORMAT - Machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert from Zoned instruction (CDZT) and extended Convert from Zoned instruction (CXZT), are provided that read EBCDIC or ASCII data from memory, convert it to the appropriate decimal floating point format, and write it to a target floating point register or floating point register pair. Further, machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert to Zoned instruction (CZDT) and extended Convert to Zoned instruction (CZXT), are provided that convert a decimal floating point (DFP) operand in a source floating point register or floating point register pair to EBCDIC or ASCII data and store it to a target memory location. | 03-26-2015 |

20150089206 | CONVERT TO ZONED FORMAT FROM DECIMAL FLOATING POINT FORMAT - Machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert from Zoned instruction (CDZT) and extended Convert from Zoned instruction (CXZT), are provided that read EBCDIC or ASCII data from memory, convert it to the appropriate decimal floating point format, and write it to a target floating point register or floating point register pair. Further, machine instructions, referred to herein as a long Convert to Zoned instruction (CZDT) and extended Convert to Zoned instruction (CZXT), are provided that convert a decimal floating point (DFP) operand in a source floating point register or floating point register pair to EBCDIC or ASCII data and store it to a target memory location. | 03-26-2015 |