|Patent application number
|Process for Enhancement of the Selectivity of Physically Acting Solvents Used for the Absorption of Gas Components from Industrial Gases - The invention relates to a method for recovering absorbed hydrocarbon components while absorbing acid gases from technical gases, as for example a natural gas, by means of physically active absorption agents, wherein the inventive method consists in increasing the pressure of a loaded absorption agent extracted from an adsorption device, in adding said loaded absorption agent to the top of a rectification column which consist of a lower feeding stove and of one or several lateral stoves operating at a pressure slightly greater than the absorption column pressure, in adjusting an equilibrium is said rectification column in such a way that the acid gas concentration in the absorbent agent increases in the direction away from the bottom of the column and the hydrocarbon concentration decreases in said direction, in extracting a heated hydrocarbon-poor and acid gas component-rich absorption agent from the bottom of the column and in transferring said agent to an acid gas desorption device, in extracting a hydrocarbon-poor and acid gas component-rich recycling gas from the top of the rectification column, in cooling said recycling gas in a recycling gas cooler to a temperature of a service gas directed in the absorption device and in transferring said recycling gas directly to the absorption device or in mixing it with the service gas.
|Solvent for Separating Acid Gas Components from Technical Gases - The invention relates to the use of a liquid, containing 0.1 to 100% of an amine or several amines of formula H
|Method and Device for the Absorption of Acid Gas From Natural Gas - A method and a device for the absorption of pressurised natural gas containing at least hydrogen sulphide and carbon dioxide, using a physically active absorption agent. The natural gas containing acid gas is first conveyed to an absorption column, where it is directly contacted with the physical detergent, and the physical detergent absorbs the acid gas, leaving only a residue. The charged detergent is conveyed to a stripping column, the working pressure being further reduced. The residue of the released acid gas from the detergent is desorbed in said stripping column. The detergent thus regenerated is returned, at least in part, to the absorption column. The acid gas leaving the first separator is conveyed to another absorption column, in which the part of the released acid gas containing predominately hydrogen sulphide is reabsorbed with regenerated detergent and mixed with the charged detergent from the first separator. The remaining acid gas not reabsorbed from the absorption column downstream of the first separator, is recovered as stripping gas. Said stripping gas is used in the stripping column for removing the hydrogen sulphide from the detergent supplied to the stripping column. The finely regenerated solvent is divided into two partial flows, one of which is conveyed to the absorption column downstream of the first separator stage while the other is conveyed to the absorption column in the flow of natural gas.
|Methods for Depleting Hydrogen Sulfide in Natural Gas from the Exploitation of Crude Oil/Natural Gas Mixtures - The invention relates to a method for depleting hydrogen sulphide in natural gas from the exploitation of crude oil/natural gas mixtures containing acid gas, during which the pressure of highly pressurized crude oil/natural gas mixture is firstly reduced to a pressure of 70 to 130 bar, preferably 90 bar, the outgassing crude gas is separated from the crude oil and crude gas is cooled, whereby the liquid phase condensing during the cooling of the crude gas is removed, the outgassed crude gas is, after cooling and without further measures of reducing pressure, subjected to a gas scrubbing, which absorbs a large portion of the H
|METHOD OF REMOVING ACIDIC GAS COMPONENTS FROM A GAS MIXTURE - A pressurized gaseous mixture acidic gas and a useful gas is directly in a first absorption column with a physically acting absorption agent. Then the absorption agent loaded with the acid gas and useful gas is subdivided into first and second streams. The first stream is fed directly to a recycle flash container and there decompressed to reclaim the useful gas, extract the acidic gas from the absorption agent, and form a recycled gas containing the useful gas and acidic gas. The second stream is through a second absorption column to the recycle flash container. Some of the recycled gas from the recycle flash container is compressed and fed through the second absorption column so as to therein directly contact the second stream, and then the recycle gas that has passed through the second absorption column and contacted the second stream is returned to the gaseous mixture.
|PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR THE SEPARATION OF LIGHT-BOILING COMPONENTS FROM HYDROCARBON MIXTURES - A process and apparatus for the separation of a feed mixture into higher-boiling and lower boiling fractions in a continuously operated distillation apparatus uses at least one inlet pipe for feeding feed mixtures, an outlet for the lower-boiling fraction, an outlet for the higher-boiling fraction and a heating device. The distillation apparatus includes at least two condensation stages, each of a different temperature level, the condensation stages upstream in direction of the vapour flow having a higher temperature level than the downstream stages. Separation-effective internals are installed between the condensation stages, partial condensation taking place in the condensation stages, partial amounts that have not condensed in these stages being fed to downstream separation-effective internals or condensation stages of lower temperature level and partial amounts that have condensed are passed via separation-effective internals in direction of the outlet means for the higher-boiling fraction. A basically vaporous fluid is obtained at the condensation stage of the lowest temperature level, where it partially condenses, the uncondensed part of the fluid being fed to the outlet for the lower-boiling fraction and the condensed part being passed to a section of the distillation apparatus which is upstream of the condensation stage having the lowest temperature level. The condensation stage of the lowest temperature level having a temperature of below −40 ° C.
|PROCESS FOR REMOVING ACID GASES FROM A GAS STREAM - Process for removing acid gases from a gas stream, in particular from a natural gas stream, synthesis gas stream or the like, wherein the acid gases are absorbed from the gas stream by at least one absorbent. The absorbent used is a mixture of a physical scrubbing medium, a chemical scrubbing medium and water. The absorbent comprises more than 60% by weight of the physical scrubbing medium, wherein the physical scrubbing medium used is a morpholine derivative and a chemical scrubbing medium based on at least one aliphatic amine compound is used.
|METHOD FOR OPERATING A FISCHER-TROPSCH SYNTHESIS - The invention relates to a method and a system for operating a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, wherein a feed gas comprising CO and H
|DESULFURIZATION PROCESS - The invention relates to a desulfurization process, wherein a gas mixture is subjected to a separation process to separate the acidic components of the gas, an acid gas containing carbon dioxide and sulfur compounds, in particular hydrogen sulfide, being formed in this process, the acid gas being sent to a Claus plant for separation of elemental sulfur, and the residual gas leaving the Claus plant being subjected to a further separation, in which the water formed in the Claus process is at least partially removed, only technically pure oxygen being supplied as the oxygen-containing reaction gas to the Claus plant, and carbon dioxide in a purity which allows direct sequestration or industrial utilization being removed downstream from the Claus plant.
|SCRUBBING SOLUTION CONSISTING OF AQUEOUS AMMONIA SOLUTION AMINES FOR THE SCRUBBING OF GAS AND USE OF SUCH SOLUTION - The invention relates to a process using a solvent combination for the gas scrubbing of industrial gases in order to separate acid gases, particularly including carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulphide. The inventive solvent combination consists of a solution of amines in water, said solution containing ammonia for improving the absorption of CO
|SYNGAS PRODUCTION METHOD
|METHOD FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS PRODUCTION OF IRON AND A CRUDE SYNGAS CONTAINING CO AND H2 - The invention relates to a method for simultaneously producing iron and a crude syngas containing CO and H
|METHOD FOR PURIFYING GASES AND OBTAINING ACID GASES - The invention relates to a method for removing sour gases from raw gases (
|METHOD FOR OPERATING A COKE OVEN ARRANGEMENT - The invention pertains to a method for operating a coke furnace arrangement, wherein the coke oven gas accumulated during the coking process is utilized as a working gas. According to the invention, a synthesis gas produced from fossil fuel, preferably coal, by means of a gasification process is supplied as fuel gas in order to provide at least part of the thermal energy required for the coking process.
|REMOVAL OF CO<sb>2</sb> FROM GASES HAVING LOW CO<sb>2</sb> PARTIAL PRESSURES, USING 2,2'-(ETHYLENEDIOXY)-BIS-(ETHYLAMINE) (EDEA) - A method of removing acid gases from a fluid flow, using an absorption agent comprising an aqueous solution of 2,2′-(ethylenedioxy)-bis-(ethylamine).
|METHOD FOR DRYING NATURAL GAS BY THE JOINT COOLING OF SOLVENT AND NATURAL GAS - A process for the drying of gases which are routed through two or more gas coolers connected in series. The coolers being supplied with a solvent stream absorbing water from the gas entering the respective cooler, with a mixed stream consisting of gas and solvent entering each of these gas coolers, then being routed through the respective cooler and, after joint cooling in the respective cooler, being separated by a gas/liquid separator in the outlet of the respective cooler into a gas stream of reduced water content and a solvent stream laden with water. The water content of the gas is successively reduced from the first cooler to the last cooler and the solvent stream separated and laden with water being either used as feed stream for the upstream cooler or directly returned to the solvent regeneration unit where the water-enriched solvent is again freed from water.
|CO<sb>2 </sb>REMOVAL FROM GASES BY MEANS OF AQUEOUS AMINE SOLUTIONS WITH THE ADDITION OF A STERICALLY HINDERED AMINE - A method for removing acid gases from a fluid flow using an absorbent including an aqueous solution with at least two different amines. An amine in a proportion of greater than 50 wt. % of the total amine amount in the aqueous solution is the first amine component in the aqueous solution, and a sterically hindered amine in a proportion of less than 50 wt. % is the second amine component in the aqueous solution. The fluid flow is brought into contact with the absorbent at a partial pressure of <200 mbar.
|Method and Device for Removing Water from Natural Gas or from Industrial Gases with Physical Solvents - A method and apparatus for drying a natural gas or an industrial gas that contains acidic gas components, wherein gas drying is followed by the removal of the acidic gas components from the dried gas. The same physical solvent is used for both of the process steps of gas drying and of acidic gas removal. The gas to be dried is brought into contact with the physical solvent, which absorbs most of the water contained in the gas. The physical solvent, loaded with water, is transferred into a solvent regenerating device to be heated where the water contained in the solvent is stripped from the solvent in the countercurrent by acidic gas that is removed from the dried useful gas during the acidic gas absorption. The acidic gas being released again in the acidic gas solvent regenerating device, stripped from the solvent, and discharged from the solvent regenerating device.
|METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROCESSING SOUR GAS RICH IN CARBON DIOXIDE IN A CLAUS PROCESSAANM Menzel; JohannesAACI WaltropAACO DEAAGP Menzel; Johannes Waltrop DE - A method and apparatus for processing a sour gas rich in carbon dioxide in a Claus process, so sulfur compounds are removed by a selective solvent in a gas scrubbing process. Sulfur components and carbon dioxide, are separated into at least two sour gas fractions, wherein at least one sour gas fraction having a higher content of sulfur components is obtained, wherein the fraction having the highest hydrogen sulfide content is introduced in the thermal reaction stage of the Claus furnace with a gas containing oxygen by means of a burner. The sulfur is converted to sulfur dioxide in the thermal reaction stage of the Claus furnace and exhaust gases are discharged into the closed Claus reaction chamber behind the burner. The remaining sour gas fractions stripped of sulfur components are fed to the Claus reaction chamber and are mixed with the combustion gases leaving the burner.
|PROCESS FOR WORKUP OF A CARBON DIOXIDE-RICH GAS TO BE FREED OF SULFUR COMPONENTS - A process for workup of an industrial carbon dioxide-rich gas to be freed of sulfur components, in which an industrial gas to be freed of sulfur components is purified by a gas scrubbing, and the laden solvent is freed of carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide by a regeneration to obtain at least one acid gas fraction having a relatively high content of sulfur components, and the fraction with the highest hydrogen sulfide (H
|REMOVAL OF CO2 FROM GASES OF LOW CO2 PARTIAL PRESSURES BY MEANS OF 1,2 DIAMINOPROPANE - Use of an absorbent for the removal of acid gases from a fluid stream, the absorbent consisting of an aqueous solution of 1,2 diaminopropane.
|REMOVAL OF THERMAL STABLE SALTS FROM ORGANIC SOLVENTS - A Method for removing salts, which cannot be thermally regenerated in a temperature range from 0°-200° C., from organic solvents in aqueous solution by evaporation, wherein the normal boiling point of the organic solvents is higher than water. The organic components contained in the solvent and the salt-like components which are contained in the organic components are enriched by evaporating water and a portion of the organic components in a liquid phase which is formed in a first container. The salt-like components are concentrated in the liquid phase which is forming in the second container, and a partial stream of the liquid phase which is formed in the second container is discharged from the second container.
|METHOD FOR HEATING UP OR KEEPING WARM THE FLOW PATHS OF A PROCESS PLANT - The invention relates to a method for heating up or keeping warm the flow paths of a process plant, wherein a stream of fluid provided for heating up or keeping warm the flow paths is guided in a circuit which comprises a heating device (
|PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A METHANE-CONTAINING GAS FROM SYNTHESIS GAS AND METHANE PRODUCTION PLANT FOR CARRYING OUT THE PROCESS - The invention relates to a process for producing a methane-containing gas from synthesis gas, wherein a synthesis gas containing carbon monoxide and hydrogen is fed for methanation to a reactor system (
|METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING A METHANE-RICH GAS FROM SYNGAS - The invention relates to a method for making a methane-rich gas from synthesis gas. This necessitates a method in which a synthesis gas (
|METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DECOMPOSING NITROSAMINES FORMED IN REMOVING CO2 FROM FLUE GASES USING AN AQUEOUS AMINE SOLUTION - The invention relates to a method and apparatus for reducing nitrosamines, formed in removal of CO
|METHOD FOR REMOVING HIGH-BOILING HYDROCARBONS FROM SOLVENT FLOWS - A method for removing high-boiling hydrocarbons from water-soluble solvent flows, wherein said solvent flows are produced in industrial processes which circulate a solvent as a part of the process, and the solvent must be periodically or permanently freed of high-boiling hydrocarbons which influence the quality or the desired properties of the solvent in an unwanted way, and water is added for carrying out the method in a phase separator, so that the high-boiling hydrocarbons are separated off because of their immiscibility with water, and then the water-miscible phase containing water and solvent is returned to the process. According to the invention, the proportion of high-boiling hydrocarbons in circulating solvents in an industrial process can be kept permanently low.
|METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REMOVING CARBON DIOXIDE FROM FLUE GASES - A method and system for removing carbon dioxide from flue gas emitted by a fossil fuel operated power plant. In the method and system, carbon dioxide is removed from the flue gas by an absorption process using a scrubbing liquid. The charged scrubbing liquid is regenerated in a desorption process. At least some of the energy required for the regeneration process is fed using low-pressure steam that is withdrawn from the steam-water circuit of the power plant before entering a low-pressure steam turbine. The low-pressure steam is fed to an intermediate steam turbine. The low-pressure steam is expanded to a discharge pressure of less than 3.5 bar and is then fed to the desorption process. The pressure for the desorption process is adjusted by a regulation device in accordance with the discharge pressure from the intermediate steam turbine.
|HEAT RECOVERY IN ABSORPTION AND DESORPTION PROCESSES - A method for removing components to be separated from industrial gases using an absorption and desorption processes having liquid absorbents. At least one absorption device and one desorption device are provided, at least a part of the laden solution leaving the absorption device is diverted before being heated and delivered to the head of the heat transfer section. The laden partial stream is heated by the steam rising from the lower part of the desorption device through heat exchange in the heat transfer section. The remaining stream of cold, laden solution leaving the absorption device is expanded by so the relief valve and the heat exchanger into a pressure relief vessel, such that the stream leaving the heat exchanger separates into a liquid and a gaseous state. The pressure in the pressure relief vessel pressure is lowered so that the total energy demand in absorption and desorption processes is reduced.