|Class / Patent application number
|Number of patent applications / Date published
| Lactam-containing reactant
|SYNTHESIS OF CAPROLACTAM FROM LYSINE - In various embodiments, the present invention can involve a method of synthesizing α-amino-ε-caprolactam. The method can comprise heating a salt of L-lysine in a solvent comprising an alcohol. In other embodiments, the present invention can involve methods for synthesizing ε-caprolactam. The methods can comprise heating a salt of L-lysine in a solvent comprising an alcohol and deaminating the reaction product. In various embodiments, the invention can include methods of converting biomass into nylon 6. The methods can comprise heating L-lysine in a solvent comprising an alcohol to produce α-amino-ε-caprolactam, deaminating to produce ε-caprolactam and polymerizing into nylon 6, wherein the L-lysine is derived from the biomass. In other embodiments, the present invention can include methods of making nylon 6. The methods can comprise synthesizing ε-caprolactam and then polymerizing, wherein the ε-caprolactam is derived from L-lysine.
|PROCESS FOR INCREASING THE MOLECULAR WEIGHT OF A POLYAMIDE - Process for increasing the molecular weight of a polyamide comprising a first step, wherein the polyamide is contacted in countercurrent with a first stream comprising 15 to 100 wt. % H
|PREPARATION OF CAST POLYAMIDES USING SPECIAL ACTIVATORS - The present invention relates to a system comprising
|A BIOCOMPATIBLE, NON-BIODEGRADABLE, NON-TOXIC POLYMER USEFUL FOR NANOPARTICLE PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS - The invention relates to a biocompatible, non-biodegradable, and non-toxic polymer of formula (I), comprising of three monomeric units, selected from 1-Vinylpyrrolidone (VP), N-Isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM), and ester of Maleic anhydride and Polyethylene glycol (MPEG), cross-linked with a bi-functional vinyl derivative, of high purity and substantially free of respective toxic monomeric contaminants, and a process for preparation thereof. The invention further relates to nanoparticulate pharmaceutical compositions of poorly water-soluble drugs or compounds comprising the polymer of the invention, which are safe, less-toxic and convenient for bedside administration to patients in need thereof. Furthermore, the invention relates to a highly selective method for preparation of nanoparticulate pharmaceutical compositions of poorly water-soluble drugs or compounds.
|POLYAMIDE MOLDING COMPOUND AND ITS USE FOR PRODUCING TRANSPARENT, HOT-STEAM-STERILIZABLE MOLDED PARTS AND EXTRUDATES - The invention relates to a polyamide molding material or copolyamide molding material and the use of such a polyamide molding material or copolyamide molding material for producing steam-sterilizable transparent moldings and extrudates. This polyamide molding material is characterized in that it comprises at least one copolyamide formed from 35-42 mol % of bis(4-amino-3-methylcyclohexyl)methane (MACM), 35-42 mol % of isophthalic acid (IPS) and 16-30 mol % of laurolactam (LC12). MACM may be replaced up to 50% by bis(4-aminocyclohexyl)-methane (PACM) and IPA up to 50% by terephthalic acid (TPA). The polyamide molding material may also be a blend of copolyamides or a blend of copolyamides with polyamide 12. The relative viscosity (RV) of the polyamide molding material or copolyamide molding material is in any case adjusted to a value which is greater than 1.45. Steam-sterilizable and transparent standard specimens which are produced from such polyamide molding materials or copolyamide molding materials and whose composition corresponds to the transparent moldings and extrudates have a tensile strain at break which, after undergoing at least 140 and especially preferably at least 350 steam sterilization cycles, is above the stretching limit.
|CONTINUOUS PROCESS FOR THE EXTRACTION OF POLYAMIDE-6 - A continuous process is disclosed for the extraction of monomeric caprolactam and its oligomers as the raw polymer product obtained in the polymerization of polyamide-6 in which no fresh water, but processing water or previously used extraction water is used for the granulation.
|Catalytic Deamination for Caprolactam Production - Catalytic processes for preparing caprolactam, pipecolinic acid, and their derivatives, from lysine or alpha-amino-epsilon-caprolactam starting materials, and products produced thereby. A process for preparing caprolactam or a derivative thereof, the process comprising contacting a reactant comprising lysine or alpha aminocaprolactam with a catalyst and a gas comprising hydrogen gas, in the presence of a solvent. The catalyst may be provided on a support material, such as a transition metal.
|Production of Adipic Acid and Derivatives from Carbohydrate-Containing Materials - The present invention generally relates to processes for the chemocatalytic conversion of a glucose source to an adipic acid product. The present invention includes processes for the conversion of glucose to an adipic acid product via glucaric acid or derivatives thereof. The present invention also includes processes comprising catalytic oxidation of glucose to glucaric acid or derivative thereof and processes comprising the catalytic hydrodeoxygenation of glucaric acid or derivatives thereof to an adipic acid product. The present invention also includes products produced from adipic acid product and processes for the production thereof from such adipic acid product.
|METHOD FOR PREPARING E-CAPROLACTAM FROM N-ACYL-6-AMINOCAPROIC ACID - The invention relates to a method for preparing ε-caprolactam comprising deacylating N-acyl-6-aminocaproic acid and forming ε-caprolactam. The deacylation may be carried out chemically or biocatalytically. The invention further relates to a host cell, comprising a recombinant vector comprising a nucleic acid sequence encoding an enzyme capable of catalysing the formation of 6-aminocaproic acid from N-acyl-6-aminocaproic acid.
|Biaxially Oriented Nylon Film, Laminate Wrapping Material and Process for Production of Biaxially Oriented Nylon Film - Biaxially-oriented nylon film according to the present invention is biaxially-oriented nylon film made from nylon. In the biaxially-oriented nylon film, an elongation ratio of the film in each of four directions (an MD direction, a TD direction, a 45 degree direction and a 135 degree direction) until a film rupture is 70 percent or more, the elongation ratio being measured in a tensile test (testing conditions: a sample width is 15 mm; a distance between gauge points is 50 mm; and a tensile speed is 100 mm/min), and a stress ratio A (σ
|Synthesis of Caprolactam From Lysine - In various embodiments, the present invention can involve a method of synthesizing α-amino-ε-caprolactam. The method can comprise heating a salt of L-lysine in a solvent comprising an alcohol. In other embodiments, the present invention can involve methods for synthesizing ε-caprolactam. The methods can comprise heating a salt of L-lysine in a solvent comprising an alcohol and deaminating the reaction product. In various embodiments, the invention can include methods of converting biomass into nylon 6. The methods can comprise heating L-lysine in a solvent comprising an alcohol to produce α-amino-εcaprolactam, deaminating to produce ε-caprolactam and polymerizing into nylon 6, wherein the L-lysine is derived from the biomass. In other embodiments, the present invention can include methods of making nylon 6. The methods can comprise synthesizing ε-caprolactam and then polymerizing, wherein the ε-caprolactam is derived from L-lysine.
|PREPARATION OF POLYAMIDES - A process for making a polyamide polymer, said process comprising heating, in one or more ionic liquid(s), one or more polyamide precursor(s) selected from: (i) one or more free dicarboxylic acid(s) or ester(s) thereof, with one or more diamine(s); or (ii) one or more salt(s) of a dicarboxylic acid with a diamine; or (iii) one or more lactam(s); or (iv) mixtures of any of the foregoing precursors (i) to (iii).
|PRODUCTION OF CAPROLACTAM FROM CARBOHYDRATE-CONTAINING MATERIALS - The present invention generally relates to processes for the conversion of glucose to caprolactam employing chemocatalytic oxidation and reduction reactions. The present invention also includes processes for the conversion of glucose to caprolactam via amido polyhydroxy acid products and amidocaproic acid or derivatives thereof. The present invention also includes processes that catalytically oxidize an amidopolyol to amidopolyhydroxy acid or derivatives thereof, and processes that catalytically hydrodeoxygenate amino or amido polyhydroxy acid or derivatives thereof to an amino or amidocaproic acid product. The amino or amidocaproic acid product may then be converted to caprolactam. The present invention also includes products produced by such processes and products producable from such products.
|PREPARATION OF CAPROLACTAM FROM 6-AMINO CAPROIC ACID OBTAINED IN A FERMENTATION PROCESS - The invention relates to a method for preparing caprolactam comprising recovering a mixture containing 6-aminocaproic acid, from a culture medium comprising biomass, and thereafter cyclising the 6-aminocaproic acid in the presence of superheated steam, thereby forming caprolactam, wherein the weight to weight ratio carbohydrate to 6-aminocaproic acid in said mixture is 0.03 or less.
|PROCESSES FOR PRODUCING CAPROLACTAM AND DERIVATIVES THEREOF FROM FERMENTATION BROTHS CONTAINING DIAMMONIUM ADIPATE, MONOAMMONIUM ADIPATE AND/OR ADIPIC ACID - Processes for making caprolactam (CL) from monoammonium adipate (MAA) and/or adipic aicd (AA) obtained from a clarified diammonium adipate-containing (DAA-containing) fermentation broth or MAA-containing fermentation broth and converting the MAA or AA to the CL with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst at selected temperatures and pressures.
|Simplified Production of Nylon-6 - A process for producing polyamides from the corresponding monomers and/or prepolymers comprises the steps of
|PROCESSES FOR PRODUCING CAPROLACTAM AND DERIVATIVES THEREOF FROM FERMENTATION BROTHS CONTAINING DIAMMONIUM ADIPATE OR MONOAMMONIUM ADIPATE - Processes for producing caprolactam (CL) and derivatives thereof from adipic acid (AA) obtained from fermentation broths containing diammonium adipate (DAA) or monoammonium adipate (MAA).
|PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGENATED PRODUCTS AND DERIVATIVES THEREOF - Processes for making hydrogenated products including caprolactame (CL) caprolactone (CLO) or 1,6-hexanediol (HDO) and derivative thereof from monoammonium adipate (MAA) and/or adipic acid (AA) obtained from a clarified diammonium adipate-containing (DAA-containing) fermentation broth or monoammonium adipate-containing (MAA-containing) fermentation broth.
|PROCESSES FOR THE PRODUCTION OF HYDROGENATED PRODUCTS AND DERIVATIVES THEREOF - A process for making a hydrogenated product comprising caprolactone (CLO) and 1,6-hexanediol (HDO) and derivatives thereof from adipic acid (AA) obtained from fermentation broths containing diammonium adipate (DAA) or monoammonium adipate (MAA).
|HIGH TEMPERATURE LACTAM NEUTRALISATION - The invention relates to a method for preparing a lactam in a continuous process, comprising forming the lactam and ammonium sulphate by contacting a lactam sulphate contained in an acidic liquid with ammonia, during which forming of lactam heat of reaction is generated, which heat is partially or fully recovered, wherein ammonia is brought into contact with the acidic liquid as part of a liquid aqueous ammonia solution, and wherein the contacting takes place at a temperature of at least 120° C., and wherein the average residence time at a temperature of at least 120° C. is at most 15 minutes, and wherein the ammonium sulphate remains dissolved in a liquid phase during said residence time.
|PRODUCTION OF CAPROLACTAM FROM ADIPIC ACID - Processes are disclosed for the conversion of adipic acid to caprolactam employing a chemocatalytic reaction in which an adipic acid substrate is reacted with ammonia and hydrogen, in the presence of particular heterogeneous catalysts and employing unique solvents. The present invention also enables the conversion of other adipic acid substrates, such as mono-esters of adipic acid, di-esters of adipic acid, mono-amides of adipic acid, di-amides of adipic acid, and salts thereof to caprolactam. Solvents useful in the process that do not react with ammonia are also disclosed. Catalyst supports are disclosed which catalyze the reaction of the substrate with ammonia in the absence of added metal. Metals on the catalyst supports comprise ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), osmium (Os), iridium (Ir), and/or platinum (Pt). Heterogeneous catalysts comprising ruthenium (Ru) and rhenium (Re) on titania and/or zirconia supports are also disclosed. Further, disclosed are products produced by such processes, as well as products producible from such products.
|BIOBASED FIBRE AND YARN - There is disclosed herein a multicomponent fibrous assembly comprising a plurality of continuous filaments formed from a biobased polyhexamethylene sebacamide polymer or a blend of a biobased polyhexamethylene sebacamide polymer together with up to 80 wt % of at least one other polymer compatible with the biobased polyhexamethylene sebacamide polymer. There is also disclosed a process for preparing a biobased polyhexamethylene sebacamide bulked continuous filament (BCF) yarn comprising melt-spinning a polymer melt containing polyhexamethylene sebacamide polymer or a blend of a biobased polyhexamethylene sebacamide polymer together with up to 80 wt % of at least one other polymer compatible with the biobased polyhexamethylene sebacamide polymer to form at least one filament, passing the at least one filament to a drawing stage where the filament is drawn and lengthened to produce a yarn, followed by texturing the yarn.
|Polyamide Conditioning - Polyamide particles are introduced into the upper region of a reaction space and are removed from a lower region. As they fall through the reaction space, the particles are countercurrently contacted by a process gas initially having a water content of 0.8% to 20% by weight, and a temperature of 100 to 200° C. The ratio of the superficial space velocity of the process gas to the loosening velocity of the polyamide particles is in the range from 0.7 to 1.5 in the lower region. Other flow parameters are controlled such that the process gas does not condense out in the upper region of the reaction space.
|POLYMER COMPOSITION, PROCESS FOR PREPARING AND ARTICLES OBTAINED FROM THE COMPOSITION - This invention relates to a polymer composition comprising monomeric units derived from caprolactam, wherein a) the caprolactam content is at most 0.3 wt % based on the total amount of polymer composition, and b) wherein [acid end groups]−[amine end groups]≧meq/kg, whereby [acid end groups] is the concentration of acid end groups in the polymer composition in meq/kg and [amine end groups] is the concentration of amine end groups in the polymer composition in meq/kg; c) and wherein the RSV is at least 2.8. This invention also relates to a process for producing this polymer composition as well as articles made thereof.
|BIAXIALLY STRETCHED NYLON FILM FOR COLD MOLDING, LAMINATE FILM, AND MOLDED BODY - In a biaxially oriented nylon film for cold forming, respective tensile stresses σ
|BI-AXIALLY STRETCHED PRODUCT - This invention relates to a biaxially stretched product comprising a copolyamide comprising monomeric units of: aliphatic non-cyclic diamines X and aliphatic non-cyclic dicarboxylic acids Y or aliphatic non-cyclic α,ω-amino acids Z, and diamines M and diacids N in an amount between 0.1 to 2 wt % based on the total amount of copolyamide, and in which M and N are cyclic, and wherein the product has been stretched at a temperature of between the glass transition temperature (Tg) and the melting temperature (Tm). A method of preparation is claimed, as well as a multilayer film comprising the biaxially stretched product.
|PREPARATION OF POLYAMIDES BY HYDROLYTIC POLYMERIZATION AND SUBSEQUENT DEVOLATILIZATION - The present invention relates to a process for preparing polyamides by hydrolytic polymerization, in which the polyimide is treated in a devolatilizing apparatus after the hydrolytic polymerization.
|Purification of polyamide particles - The present invention relates to a process for purifying polyamide particles wherein these are contacted with a lactam-containing treatment medium with or without a gaseous treatment medium.
|METHODS OF PRODUCING 6-CARBON CHEMICALS USING 2,6-DIAMINOPIMELATE AS PRECURSOR TO 2-AMINOPIMELATE - This document describes biochemical pathways for producing 2-aminopimelate from 2,6-diaminopimelate, and methods for converting 2-aminopimelate to one or more of adipic acid, adipate semialdehyde, caprolactam, 6-aminohexanoic acid, 6-hexanoic acid, hexamethylenediamine, or 1,6-hexanediol by decarboxylating 2-aminopimelate into a six carbon chain aliphatic backbone and enzymatically forming one or two terminal functional groups, comprised of carboxyl, amine or hydroxyl group, in the backbone.
|POLYMERISATION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF THERMOPLASTIC POLYMERS - The present invention relates to a polymerisation device for the production of melts of thermoplastic polymers in which the heat of the discharged product can be recovered and used for preheating of the usable raw materials. In addition, the present invention relates to a corresponding method for the production of thermoplastic polymers.
|COPOLYMER BASED ON DIMETHYL CARBONATE AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME - A copolymer based on dimethyl carbonate and a method of preparing the same are provided. The copolymer based on dimethyl carbonate has a unit from dimethyl carbonate, diols, and a modification monomer. The copolymer based on dimethyl carbonate can be obtained by proceeding transesterification and polycondenastion.
|PREPARATION OF CAPROLACTAM FROM 6-AMINO CAPROIC ACID OBTAINED IN A FERMENTATION PROCESS
|Methods of Producing 6-Carbon Chemicals From Long Chain Fatty Acids Via Oxidative Cleavage (as amended)
|METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING POLYAMIDES, WITH OPTIMIZED FLOW MANAGEMENT
| With two or more reactants one of which is a carboxylic acid or derivative and one of which is an organic compound containing at least two amino nitrogen atoms
|PLASTIC CONTAINERS AND CONDUITS - The invention relates to a plastic container or conduit for a cooling system, a heating system, an air intake system, an exhaust system, a pressure system or a fuel system, consisting of or comprising a part or a layer made of a thermoplastic polymer composition comprising a semi-crystalline semi-aromatic polyamide having a glass transition temperature (Tg) of at least 115° C.
|POLYAMIDE COMPOUND - A polyamide compound containing: from 25 to 50 mol % of a diamine unit, which contains an aromatic diamine unit represented by the following formula (I), in an amount of 50 mol % or more; from 25 to 50 mol % of a dicarboxylic acid unit, which contains a linear aliphatic dicarboxylic acid unit represented by the following formula (II-1) and/or an aromatic dicarboxylic acid unit represented by the following formula (II-2), in an amount in total of 50 mol % or more; and from 0.1 to 50 mol % of a constitutional unit represented by the following formula (III):
|COPOLYAMIDES - The invention relates to a copolyamide comprising units resulting from the polycondensation reaction of the following precursors:
|ADDITIVE FOR POLYAMIDE MOULDING COMPOUNDS AND USE THEREOF - The invention relates to an additive having at least two functionalities being able to undergo a condensation reaction in combination with a tetraalkylpiperidinyl radical and also a tertiary amine functionality. By the combination of these functionalities, a universal additive can be provided, which, on the one hand, makes possible a narrower molar mass distribution and, at the same time, improves the performance for spun polymers. According to the invention, likewise corresponding additivated polyamide moulding compounds and also an additive solution are provided. The additives according to the invention are used in particular in the production of polyamide for textile applications.
|METHOD FOR LOW-STRESS INJECTION MOULDING OF AMORPHOUS OR MICROCRYSTALLINE POLYAMIDES AND ALSO CORRESPONDINGLY PRODUCED LOW-STRESS POLYAMIDE MOULDED ARTICLES - The present invention relates to a method for low-stress injection moulding of amorphous or microcrystalline polyamides, in which a melt of the amorphous or microcrystalline polyamides is processed and injection moulded under specific conditions. Hence, low-stress moulded articles made of the amorphous or microcrystalline polyamides can be produced by injection moulding. The present invention relates in addition to the correspondingly produced moulded articles.
| Two or more lactam reactant or with an amino-containing carboxylic acid or derivative of an amino-containing carboxylic acid
|METHOD FOR INCREASING THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE MELTING TEMPERATURE AND THE CRYSTALLIZATION TEMPERATURE OF A POLYAMIDE POWDER - The present invention relates to a method for reducing the crystallization temperature an the melting temperature of a polyamide powder resulting from the polymerization of at least one predominant monomer, in which the reduction in the crystallization temperature is greater than the reduction in the melting temperature, said method comprising a step of polymerization of said at least one predominant monomer with at least one different minor comonomer polymerized according to the same polymerization process as said at least one predominant monomer, said at least one minor comonomer being chosen from aminocarboxylic acids, diamine/diacid pairs, lactams and/or lactones, and said at least one minor comonomer representing from 0.1% to 20% by weight of the total blend of said monomers(s) and comonomer(s), preferably from 0.5% to 15% by weight of said total blend, preferably from 1% to 10% by weight of said total blend.
|PROCESS FOR PRODUCING MONOMER COMPOSITIONS AND USE OF THESE FOR PRODUCING A POLYAMIDE MOLDING - A process for producing an activated monomer composition comprising at least one lactam and/or lactone, one catalyst, and one activator permits storage of the resultant monomer composition, since this is stable with respect to polymerization. Said monomer composition is used inter alia in producing a polyamide molding via ring-opening, anionic polymerization.
|CROSSLINKED POLYAMIDES - A process for crosslinking polyamides by reacting a compound of the general formula R
|PROCESS FOR PRODUCING MOLDINGS - The present invention relates to a process for producing moldings comprising (A) at least one lactam, (B) at least one activator, and (C) at least one catalyst, where (A) to (C) proceed through treatments comprising a) mixing of (A), (B), and (C), b) metering of (A), (B), and (C) into an apparatus for producing mixture droplets, and producing mixture droplets, and c) depositing the mixture droplets comprising (A), (B), and (C) on a belt, and d) producing moldings.
|POLYAMIDE COMPOUND - A polyamide compound containing from 50 to 99.9 mol % of an ω-aminocarboxylic acid unit represented by the following general formula (I), and from 0.1 to 50 mol % of a constituent unit represented by the following general formula (II):
|CATALYSTS FOR PRODUCING CAST POLYAMIDE, METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF SAID CATALYSTS AND THE USE THEREOF - The present invention relates to novel catalysts for the production of cast polyamide, to processes for production thereof and to the use thereof.
|METHOD FOR PRODUCING POLYAMIDE COMPOSITE MATERIALS CONTAINING SILICON - The invention relates to a method for producing polyamide composite materials containing silicon, comprising the copolymerisation of: a) at least one silicon compound (SV) having at least one silicon atom, said silicon atom having at least one lactamyl group of formula (A) bonded by means of the nitrogen atom thereof; b) the method also comprises copolymerisation with at least one comonomer (CM) that is selected from among ammonium salts of dicarboxylic acids, amino acids, amino acid amides and lactams. In formula (A), m represents a whole number between 1 and 11, in particular in between 2 and 9, and specifically 3, and # represents the connection to the silicon atom of the compound (SV).
| Lactam reactant contains 3-5 or 12 or more carbon atoms in the lactam ring
|METHOD FOR THE DRYING AND POST-CONDENSATION OF POLYAMIDE PARTICLES - Method for the drying and post-condensation of polyamide particles, wherein the polyamide particles are irradiated with electromagnetic waves while passing an inert gas through the particles.