359237000 - OPTICAL MODULATOR
359240000 - Changing bulk optical parameter
359245000 - Electro-optic
Patent class list (only not empty are listed)
|Class / Patent application number
|Number of patent applications / Date published
|ELECTRO-OPTIC ELEMENT AND SCANNING OPTICAL DEVICE - An electro-optic element includes an electro-optic crystal having a birefringent property, and in which a refractive index distribution is generated in accordance with an intensity of an electric field caused inside, a pair of intensity modulating electrodes for applying a voltage for varying the birefringent property of the electro-optic crystal, a pair of scanning electrodes for applying a voltage for varying the refractive index distribution of the electro-optic crystal, and a polarization selection member provided at least on a side of a laser beam emission end face out of a laser beam entrance end face and the laser beam emission end face of the electro-optic crystal, and for selectively transmitting a part with a specific vibration direction out of a light beam emitted from the electro-optic crystal.
|Methods for etching layers within a MEMS device to achieve a tapered edge - Certain MEMS devices include layers patterned to have tapered edges. One method for forming layers having tapered edges includes the use of an etch leading layer. Another method for forming layers having tapered edges includes the deposition of a layer in which the upper portion is etchable at a faster rate than the lower portion. Another method for forming layers having tapered edges includes the use of multiple iterative etches. Another method for forming layers having tapered edges includes the use of a liftoff mask layer having an aperture including a negative angle, such that a layer can be deposited over the liftoff mask layer and the mask layer removed, leaving a structure having tapered edges.
|Flip Chip Quantum Well Modulator - A quantum well modulator configured to absorb or transmit light depending on an applied voltage is provided according to various embodiments. The quantum well modulator may include a substrate, a p-type and n-type semiconductor layers as well as a quantum well layer, each of which are deposited above the substrate. The substrate may be configured to filter light incident thereon, wherein the substrate does not include a reflective surface. The flip-chip quantum well modulator may be configured to substantially absorb light received through the substrate when a first voltage is applied. The flip-chip quantum well modulator may be configured to substantially transmit light received through the substrate when a second voltage is applied.
|RECIPROCATING OPTICAL MODULATION SYSTEM - In order to provide a reciprocating optical modulation system capable of obtaining a broad bandwidth, a reciprocating optical modulation system (
|ELECTROOPTICAL APPARATUS, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING OUTSIDE LIGHT - An electrooptical apparatus includes a display unit that emits display light, a light emission stopping unit that stops emission of the display light in the display unit, a light receiving unit that receives outside light around the display unit while emission of the display light is stopped, an accumulating unit that accumulates the amount of outside light received by the light receiving unit, and a calculating unit that calculates the light intensity of outside light on the basis of the time taken for the accumulated amount of outside light received to exceed a predetermined threshold.
|QUADRATURE AMPLITUDE MODULATION-MODULATED RETRO-REFLECTOR - A method for point-to-point communication over an optical channel is provided. An optical beam is received at a first corner cube modulated retro-reflector. Simultaneously, the optical beam is received at a second corner cube modulated retro-reflector. The first and second corner cube modulated retro-reflectors are adjacent to each other, are co-boresighted, and have an aggregate diameter that is smaller than the far-field Instantaneous Field of View of a receiver. The optical beam is modified by the first corner cube modulated retro-reflector by adding a first modulation to the optical beam, forming a first modulated optical beam. Simultaneously, the optical beam is modified by the second corner cube modulated retro- reflector by adding a second modulation to the optical beam, forming a second modulated optical beam. The first modulated optical beam and the second modulated optical beam combine to form a modified optical wavefront, which is reflected to a sender.
|OPTICAL DEVICE INCLUDING GATE INSULATING LAYER HAVING EDGE EFFECT - Provided is an optical device having an edge effect with improved phase shift and propagation loss of light without decreasing the dynamic characteristics of the optical device. The optical device includes a first semiconductor layer which is doped with a first type of conductive impurities, and has a recessed groove in an upper portion thereof; a gate insulating layer covering the groove and a portion of the first semiconductor layer; and a second semiconductor layer which covers an upper surface of the gate insulating layer and is doped with a second type of conductive impurities opposite to the first type of conductive impurities.
|OPTICAL DEVICE INCLUDING GATE INSULATOR WITH MODULATED THICKNESS - Provided is an optical device with improved phase shift and propagation loss of light without decreasing the dynamic characteristics of the optical device. The optical device includes a first semiconductor layer which is doped with a first type of conductive impurities and has a uniform thickness; a gate insulating layer which has a ? shape and is formed on a portion of the first semiconductor layer and has a thin center portion; and a second semiconductor layer which covers an upper surface of the gate insulating layer and is doped with a second type of conductive impurities opposite to the first type of conductive type impurities.
|SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPTICAL MODULATION - The present invention relates to optical communication, and discloses an optical modulation system and an optical modulation method. The system includes: a light emitting apparatus, a wavelength sensor, a signal processor, a controller, a pulse modulation driver, an amplitude modulation driver, and an amplitude modulator. The method includes: receiving a second optical signal among optical signals generated by a light emitting apparatus, and outputting intermittent optical signals of stable wavelengths under modulation of an amplitude drive signal, where: the optical signals are generated by the light emitting apparatus under control of a wavelength control signal and have stable wavelengths, and the wavelength control signal is generated by calculating a first optical signal emitted by the light emitting apparatus.
|METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR LASER BEAM POINTING CONTROL - An method and system for laser beam tracking and pointing is based on a conventional position sensing detector (PSD) or quadrant cell but with the use of amplitude-modulated light. A combination of logarithmic automatic gain control, filtering, and synchronous detection offers high angular precision with exceptional dynamic range and sensitivity, while maintaining wide bandwidth. Use of modulated light enables the tracking of multiple beams simultaneously through the use of different modulation frequencies. It also makes the system resistant to interfering light sources such as ambient light. Beam pointing is accomplished by feeding back errors in the measured beam position to a beam steering element, such as a steering mirror. Closed-loop tracking performance is superior to existing methods, especially under conditions of atmospheric scintillation.
|DIGITAL TYPE ANTI-GLARE DEVICE USING TOUCH AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME - Disclosed is a digital type anti-glare device capable of conveniently performing input, operation and adjustment, and a method of controlling the same. The digital type anti-glare device includes a touch sensor input unit recognizing a shade degree and a grind mode level by direct selective operation or adjustment of a user as a digital contact signal and inputting the shade degree and the grind model level to the control unit, and an encoder switch input unit recognizing a sensitivity level and an opening delay level by the selective operation or adjustment of the user and inputting the sensitivity level and the opening delay level to the control unit. Accordingly, it is possible to prevent operation failure due to switch contact, dust or humidity or the like by a touch sensor and encoder input and to facilitate input, operation and adjustment even in a state in which an operator wears gloves.
|Surface-Plasmon-Based Optical Modulator - An optical modulator that utilizes Bloch surface plasmon (BSP) effects is disclosed. The BSP optical (BSPO) modulator (
|Negative index material-based modulators and methods for fabricating the same - Various embodiments of the present invention are directed to external, electronically controllable, negative index material-based modulators. In one aspect, an external modulator comprises a negative index material in electronic communication with an electronic signal source. The negative index material receives an electronic signal encoding data from the electronic signal source and an unmodulated carrier wave from an electromagnetic radiation source. Magnitude variations in the electronic signal produce corresponding effective refractive index changes in the negative index material encoding the data in the amplitude and/or phase of the carrier wave to produce an electromagnetic signal.
|ELECTRICALLY CONTROLLED OPTICAL OSCILLATOR FOR A SINGLE-SIDE SUBCARRIER OPTICAL PHASE-LOCKED LOOP - An electrically controlled optical oscillator for a single subcarrier optical phase-locked loop, which includes: an electrically controlled electrical oscillator having an input, which receives an electrical driving input signal, and an output, which supplies an electrical driving output signal that has a frequency that is a function of the electrical driving input signal; a continuous-wave laser source, which supplies an optical carrier; and an optical modulator, which has an optical input connected to the laser source and receives the optical carrier, an electrical input, which is connected to the output of the electrically controlled electrical oscillator and receives the electrical driving output signal, and an optical output that modulates the optical carrier with the electrical driving output signal and generates an optical modulated signal. The optical modulator generates an optical modulated signal with single optical subcarrier.
|OPTICAL CLOCK - An optical clock for generating a series of optical clock pulses, comprises a laser source for generating output having a plurality of spectral components λ
|Resonator System - The designed resonator system comprises a light source generating device for outputting a light source and a resonating cavity device. The resonating cavity device includes: a first waveguide with an input end for receiving the light source; a first resonator disposed adjacent to the first waveguide for receiving the light source coupled from the first waveguide in order to generate a resonating light source; a second waveguide having one end disposed adjacent to the first resonator, an adapting end for receiving the resonating light source coupled from the first resonator, and an output end; and an electro-optic modulator disposed adjacent to the other end of the second waveguide for receiving the resonating light source coupled from the second waveguide and generating an optical modulating signal by an electrical modulating signal, and the optical modulating signal is outputted from the output end of the second waveguide.
|PHOTOMIXER MODULE AND TERAHERTZ WAVE GENERATION METHOD THEREOF - Provided are a photomixer module and a method of generating a terahertz wave. The photomixer module includes a semiconductor optical amplifier amplifying incident laser light and a photomixer that is excited by the amplified laser light to generate a continuous terahertz wave. The photomixer is formed as a single module together with the semiconductor optical amplifier.
|Metamaterial surfaces - An apparatus to modify an incident free space electromagnetic wave includes a block of an artificially structured material having an adjustable spatial distribution of electromagnetic parameters (e.g., ε, μ, η, σ, and n). A controller applies control signals to dynamically adjust the spatial distribution of electromagnetic parameters in the material to introduce a time-varying path delay d(t) in the modified electromagnetic wave relative to the incident electromagnetic wave.
|OPTICAL DELAY DEVICE, OPTICAL CIRCUIT, AND OPTICAL DELAY METHOD - An optical delay device includes an optical path in which an input optical signal travels the same path recursively; an optical switch that switches between an output state of outputting the optical signal input to the optical path, and a non-output state of not outputting the optical signal input to the optical path; and a controller that sets the optical switch to the non-output state until a point in time when a given delay time elapses since input of the optical signal to the optical path and at the point in time when the given delay time elapses, switches the optical switch to the output state.
|Electrical Modulator Driver Circuit for Generating Multi-Level Drive Signals for QAM Optical Transmission - An apparatus and methods for generating multi-level output signals for use by an optical modulator are provided. The apparatus comprises a plurality of input signal lines each configured to receive a binary input signal, an output signal line and a plurality of amplifier stages. The amplifier stages are each connected between one of the input signal lines and the output signal line so as to each produce an output voltage on the output signal line of either a first level or a second level. The level of the output voltage is based on the binary signal at the respective input signal line, and the output voltages of the respective plurality of amplifier stages collectively produce a summed analog output voltage on the output signal line at two or more different levels each configured to drive an optical modulator.
|Sensitivity Improvement of Mach-Zehnder Modulator Bias Control - An apparatus comprising a circuit configured to couple to a nested Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM), the circuit configured to receive a first signal proportional to a sum of an in-phase (I) component and a quadrature (Q) component, receive a second signal that is proportional to a difference between the I component and the Q component, and generate a difference signal as a difference in intensity between the first signal and the second signal, and a controller configured to provide a bias signal to the nested MZM to control a phase difference between the I component and the Q component, wherein the bias signal is based on the difference signal.
|SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE FOR AN OPTICAL SWITCH USING WAVELENGTH, FIBER AND POLARIZATON ADDRESSING
|FINDING BIAS VOLTAGES FOR OPTICAL MODULATORS - Methods and apparatus for finding a bias voltage (
|METHOD OF PRODUCING A REVEALABLE INVISIBLE PATTERN IN A TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE FILM - A transparent conductive film comprising at least one patterned region comprising a first concentration of at least one radiation absorbing compound and exhibiting a first surface resistivity, at least one unpatterned region comprising a second concentration of the at least one radiation absorbing compound and exhibiting a second surface resistivity, the second concentration being different from the first concentration and the second surface resistivity being different from the first surface resistivity, where the at least one patterned region and the at least one unpatterned region are indistinguishable from each other to the unaided human eye, and where the at least one radiation absorbing compound is capable of rendering the at least one patterned region and at least one unpatterned region distinguishable from each other to the unaided human eye when the at least one radiation absorbing compound is exposed to radiation within a defined band of wavelengths.
|OPTICAL MODULATOR DRIVER - In the optical modulator driver, a plurality of differential amplifiers are arranged in one direction, and input terminals and output terminals of each of the differential amplifiers adjacent to each other are connected via independent wirings, respectively. The differential amplifier includes a differential pair and a series circuit. In the series circuit, a resistor, a capacitor, and a resistor are connected in series. The series circuit is provided between emitters of two transistors of the differential pair, one of differential input terminals of the differential amplifier and the transistor of the differential pair are connected via a resistor, and the other of the differential input terminals of the differential amplifier and the transistor of the differential pair are connected via a resistor.
|FREQUENCY COMB SOURCE WITH LARGE COMB SPACING - A frequency comb laser providing large comb spacing is disclosed. At least one embodiment includes a mode locked waveguide laser system. The mode locked waveguide laser includes a laser cavity having a waveguide, and a dispersion control unit (DCU) in the cavity. The DCU imparts an angular dispersion, group-velocity dispersion (GVD) and a spatial chirp to a beam propagating in the cavity. The DCU is capable of producing net GVD in a range from a positive value to a negative value. In some embodiments a tunable fiber frequency comb system configured as an optical frequency synthesizer is provided. In at least one embodiment a low phase noise micro-wave source may be implemented with a fiber comb laser having a comb spacing greater than about 1 GHz. The laser system is suitable for mass-producible fiber comb sources with large comb spacing and low noise. Applications include high-resolution spectroscopy.
|Within display element
|Electronic Window Shading System for Houses, Transport Vehicles and the Like - There is disclosed an automatic electronic window shading (tinting) system for houses and transport vehicles such as automobiles, RV's, trains, boats and the like, to provide shading for people to protect them from exposure to harmful direct sunlight, by providing the windows of said houses and transport vehicles with display elements and light (photocell/photovoltaic) sensors. The system comprises liquid crystal, electrochromic, suspended particle device (SPD), or NanoChromics display (NCD) element attached to a part of a transparent body (such as the windows) and a liquid crystal, electrochromic, suspended particle device (SPD), or NanoChromics display (NCD) controlling semiconductor element controlling the operation of the display element.
|TUNABLE PLASMONIC FILTER - A tunable plasmonic filter or an optical filtering method discloses plasmonic filter structure and a voltage or current source. An intensity or wavelength of light transmitted through the filter structure is modulated by the intensity of a voltage or current from the voltage or current source. The plasmonic filter structure is located between electrodes electrically connected to the voltage or current source. The plasmonic filter structure is configured such that the incident light is resonant with at least one plasmonic mode on the structure, and a predetermined wavelength will perturb the metallic plasmonic structure in surface plasmon on energy bands for the wavelength selective transmission of light.
Patent applications in class Amplitude modulation
Patent applications in all subclasses Amplitude modulation