Patent application title: LARYNX MASK HAVING A CONNECTOR
Werner F. Dubach (Maur, CH)
Werner F. Dubach (Maur, CH)
Deltona Innovations AG
IPC8 Class: AA61M1606FI
Class name: Surgery respiratory method or device respiratory gas supply means enters mouth or tracheotomy incision
Publication date: 2011-09-22
Patent application number: 20110226256
The invention relates to a larynx mask comprising a dorsal cover plate
with an inflatable cuff integrally formed thereon and a tube connecting
connector to a plug region having an adjoining insertion section for
connecting to an insertion tube. Two separate lumens are provided in the
region of the insertion section, these being the esophageal lumen and a
respiration lumen. Said two lumens are separated from each other by a
separating or supporting wall. Said separating or supporting wall runs
from the insertion section to the tip of the larynx mask. While the
esophageal lumen opens into the esophageal outlet at the proximal end,
the respiration lumen opens in the ventral direction, while the lumen is
closed in the proximal direction close to the tip. Such a larynx mask can
be produced in one piece by way of injection molding and at the same time
is reinforced by the separating or supporting wall to prevent kinking.
1. A larynx mask comprising a dorsal cover plate with a circumferential
inflatable cuff formed thereon and a tube connecting connector for
connecting to at least one insertion tube, which comprises an air supply
lumen and an oesophageal lumen, whereby the tube connecting connector has
an insertion section, wherein there is a separating and supporting wall
running from dorsal to ventral, which is formed at least approximately
centrally on the cover plan and runs in a longitudinal direction of the
larynx mask passing through it from distal to at least approximately its
dorsal end and forming the partition between a closed lumen as the
oesophageal lumen and an open lumen as a respiration lumen, which opens
out into a respiration chamber which can be sealed under the cover plate
by the cuff.
2. The larynx mask of claim 1 wherein the cross-section of the respiration lumen is larger than the cross-section of the oesophageal lumen in the opening area of the insertion connection.
3. The larynx mask of claim 1, wherein the cross-section of the respiration lumen is smaller than the cross-section of the oesophageal lumen in the opening area of the tube connecting connector.
4. The larynx mask of claim 1 wherein the separating and supporting wall of the larynx mask runs perpendicularly to the cover plate.
5. The larynx mask of claim 1 wherein at the proximal end of the larynx mask the separating and supporting well runs to the oesophageal outlet which is formed by an opening in the cover plate so that the oesophageal outlet extends above it over the cuff.
6. The larynx mask of claim 1 wherein the insertion section is limited by a projection narrowing the cross-section and serving as a stop for the insertion tube to be inserted.
7. The larynx mask of claim 1 wherein the respiration chamber is delimited by a circumferential adhesive or welding edge which runs from the cover plate to the cuff.
8. The larynx mask of claim 7 wherein the separating and supporting well extends from the cover plate to maximally down into the plane spanned by the circumferential adhesive or welding wall.
9. The larynx mask of claim 1 wherein the separating and supporting wall has a proximally closed, sack-like intermediate space for accommodating a reinforcing element.
 The present invention relates to a larynx mask, comprising a dorsal
cover plate with an inflatable cuff (5) circumferentially formed thereon
and a tube connecting connector for connecting to at least one insertion
tube which comprises an air supply lumen and an oesophageal lumen,
whereby the tube connecting connection has an insertion section.
 Larynx masks of this type are known in many forms of embodiment and are inserted by means of a tube, known as a supraglottic tube, through the middle of the pharynx via the epiglottis of an anaesthetised patient. Larynx masks are usually supplied as a unit with the supraglottic tube formed on or attached thereto. This serves to keep open the airways and to ventilate a patient. At the same time such larynx masks also allow the introduction of tubes, probes, optical instruments and other instruments into the respiratory tract. More and more frequently such larynx masks have an oesophageal access. This allows the introduction of tubes into the oesophagus and the stomach in order to remove gastric juice and other fluids as well as air from the stomach. In anaesthetised patients emptying of the stomach is intended to prevent the stomach contents flowing back into the upper respiratory tract and being aspirated into the unprotected airways (windpipe, bronchi and lungs). A further advantage of an oesophageal access is the removal of passively or actively regurgitated stomach contents from the upper oesophagus to outside, which thereby represents limited, and thus inadequate, aspiration protection.
 A large number of different larynx masks are known on the market. A typical example is set out in U.S. Pat. No. 5,878,745. This shows a gastro-laryngeal mask in which the supraglottic tube is a pipe through which several tubes can be fed. These tubes have lumens which are used for ventilation and for an oesophageal access. As a tube the oesophageal access must be passed through the entire larynx mask, fastened and passed through an outlet passing through the cuff. This is extremely time-consuming and requires a great deal of work.
 Inserting a larynx mask is not always easy. Larynx marks with a relatively rigid supraglottic tube can be introduced more easily, whereby the rigidity prevents adaptation of the position of the larynx mask to the anatomical conditions. Insertion into the pharyngeal cavity by means of a relatively rigid supraglottic tube can result in injury, and positioning in the pharyngeal cavity is not always reliable.
 Highly flexible larynx masks with corresponding highly flexible supraglottic tubes allow better positioning in the larynx but are more difficult and therefore occasionally more traumatic to insert and more difficult to position in the pharynx. More particularly, if often happens that when inserting such highly flexible larynx masks the proximal end of the larynx mask, known as the tip, is bent over. This means that reliable sealing of the larynx mask is no longer present. To remedy this problem a more rigid material can be resorted to, whereby, however, the advantages of the highly flexible materials are lost. The result is traumatic effects in the central pharyngeal cavity. Even with a slightly increased air pressure in the cuff this problem cannot always reliably be solved. In the larynx masks known today, the oesophageal outlet always passes through the cuff. This complicates the entire manufacturing of the larynx mask. If kinking or even just slightly greater bending of the tip of the larynx mask occurs the oesophageal outlet is mostly then no longer free and an instrument or a tube can no longer be passed through.
 A larynx mask is known from U.S. Pat. No. 5,878,745 in which the larynx mask itself is made more rigid by passing through an oesophageal access in the longitudinal direction. This oesophageal access is placed in the centre. Although this increases the longitudinal rigidity of the larynx mask it unfavourably affects its height. Also, the patient's pharynx must be protected by means of an additional inflatable dorsal cuff.
 From WO 2006/125986 and US 2003/0037790 different versions of larynx masks are known in which the oesophageal access is formed either by a separately insertable tube or by an integrally formed lumen. In both cases, however, the course of the oesophageal opening in the mid longitudinal axis has the aforementioned disadvantages.
 A presumably not manufacturable larynx mask is shown by a solution in which the insertion tube runs from outside the patient continuously to the tip of the oesophageal outlet and two integral cuffs are present on the one hand to delimit the respiration chamber and on the other hand to seal the oesophageal outlet.
 It is therefore the dual aim of the present invention, in addition to avoiding the described drawbacks of the prior art, to improve a larynx mask in such a way that it is easier to produce and, more particularly, so that difficult insertion of a tube for forming the oesophageal passage can be avoided, and that even with the use of a highly flexible material said problems no longer occur, or their occurrence is greatly reduced.
 This aim is achieved by a larynx mask in accordance with the introductory section of claim 1 which is characterised in that the tube connecting connector after an insertion section has a separating or supporting wall running in the longitudinal direction of the larynx mask from its distal to at least approximately its proximal end and separating a closed lumen as the oesophageal lumen and an open lumen as a respiration lumen, which opens into a respiration space under the cover plate which can be sealed by the cuff.
 Overall the longitudinal division in accordance with the invention of the area of the larynx mask below the cover plate by way of separating and supporting wall brings about a strengthening of the larynx mask against kinking, whereby the first part of the task is achieved, while at the same time, as the separating wall is part of a continuous closed lumen, serving as the oesophageal lumen, the entire manufacture of the larynx mask is considerably simplified with regard to its assembly. Thus it is no longer necessary for a separate tube to be pulled through the larynx mask and attached therein, but the oesophageal lumen is formed in one piece with the larynx mask. Due the straight course and conical narrowing of the oesophageal opening from the tube connecting connection with the largest diameter to the outlet opening defining the smallest diameter, by means of a simple slide such an opening can be manufactured in one piece.
 In the drawings a preferred example of embodiment of the subject matter of the invention is shown and is explained with the aid of the following description.
 FIG. 1 shows a perspective overall view of a larynx mask in accordance with the invention looking at the dorsal cover plate, while
 FIG. 2 again shows a perspective overall view of the same larynx mask, but looking at the ventrally arranged cuff.
 FIG. 3 shows a vertical view of the larynx mask on the ventral side and
 FIG. 4 shows a longitudinal section through the larynx mask in the direction of the course of the oesophageal lumen.
 FIG. 5 shows a cross-section through the larynx mask in the area of an insertion section looking towards the proximal end and the oesophageal outlet 6.
 FIG. 6 again shows a cross-section through the same larynx mask in the central area of the longitudinal extent of the larynx mask whereby the direction of viewing is again towards the proximal end, while
 FIG. 7 shows the same cross-section at the same point, but looking towards the distal end of the larynx mask.
 FIG. 1 shows the larynx mask which is denoted overall with 1. An insertion tube is attached to this larynx mask but is not shown in the drawing. However, for this a tube connecting connector 2 is used. This tube connecting connector 2 transits into a cover plate 3 and cuff 5 also formed thereon in one piece. The entire larynx mask 1 from the tube connecting connection 2 on the distal end to the tip 4 on the proximal end of the larynx mask is produced in one piece and accordingly all of the same synthetic material. In the view in accordance with FIG. 1 the circumferential cuff 5 can be seen which only on the proximal end at the tip 4 is reduced in diameter by an oesophageal outlet 6 whereas at the distal end the cuff 5 passes through under the tube connecting connection 2. At the proximal end the oesophageal outlet 6 passes over the cuff 5 in a type of channel.
 The cuff 5 is produced by open injection moulding. In particular, in the cross-section drawings 6 and 7, but also in the view in accordance with FIG. 2, a circumferential thickened adhesive, welding wall 13, practically following the peripheral edge of the cover 3, can be seen, while at the same time the lower edge of the cuff 5, here still shown as open, is also provided with a circumferential adhesive, welding edge 15. Only through adhering or welding the adhesive, welding edge 15 to the corresponding circumferential adhesive, welding wall 13 is the closed circumferential cuff 5 produced. This cuff 5 inflated and deflated via a ventilation connection 8 which is on the ventral side of the tube connecting connection 2. This ventilation connection 8 can be clearly seen in FIG. 2-4.
 The circumferential adhesive or welding wall 13 delimits a respiration chamber 7 below the cover plate 3.
 As has already been stated an insertion tube, which is not shown here, is introduced into the tube connecting connection 2. This insertion tube advantageously, but not necessarily, consists of a single plastic tube with two lumens which in terms of shape and size are matched to the lumens present in the larynx mask. To make this connection of the larynx mask to the insertion tube as simple as possible, the tube connecting connection 2 has a plug section 16 which can be seen in particular in FIGS. 2 and 4. The plug section 16 is not divided into two lumens, as preferably an insertion tube is insert here which has two lumens in the same form as in the insertion section 12 following on from the plug section 16. This insertion section 12 runs at least approximately under the area in which the two lumens 10 and 11 extend over the cuff 5. Although in FIG. 4 it appears as if these areas pass under the cuff 5, this is only due to illustration in which the ventral side is shown facing upwards instead of the dorsal side.
 Following the plug section 16 of the tube connecting connection 2 there is, as has been stated, an insertion section 12. In this area two separate lumens can be seen which are both closed in this area, namely the oesophageal lumen 10 and the respiration lumen 11. This is most clearly seen in FIG. 5. Running between these two lumens 10 and 11 at least approximately perpendicularly to the cover 3 is a separating and supporting wall 9. Through this separating and supporting wall which passes through the larynx mask in around the middle, the larynx mask is provided overall with increased rigidity which counteracts any kinking.
 In an advantageous embodiment the separating and supporting wall 9 can have a sack-like intermediate chamber which is closed until near to the tip and which can accommodate a reinforcing element.
 The thickened adhesive, welding wall 13, which is not in cross-section in FIG. 5, increases the rigidity of the larynx mask. It can be clearly seen that the cuff it not yet closed by welding or adhesion and accordingly the adhesive and/or welding edges 15 can be seen.
 After the end of the insertion section 12 the oesophageal lumen 10 continues to be closed, while the respiration lumen 11 opens into a practically U-shaped channel as can be clearly seen in FIGS. 6 and 7. Both figures show the same cross-section at the same point, but in FIG. 6 the view is directed towards the distal end. The separating and supporting wall 9 remains unchanged through the absence of the ventral wall section of the respiration lumen 11. In these figures it can also be seen that the diameter of the two lumens, namely the oesophageal lumen 10 and the respiration lumen 11, and therefore also the separating and supporting wall 9 runs downwards from the cover plate 3 in the ventral direction less far from the cover plate 3 than the circumferential adhesive or welding wall 13. The end of this adhesive or welding wall 13 spans a plane and this plane is neither pierced by the two lumens 10 and 11 nor by the wall 9. In this way a relatively large respiration chamber 7 remains under the two lumens 10 and 11 and the separating and supporting wall 9. It can be seen that after the insertion section 12 from where the respiration lumen 11 opens out this space directly merges with the respiration chamber 7. In FIG. 6 which shows the diametric section through the larynx mask looking towards the proximal end, it can be seen that the oesophageal lumen 10 is open towards the oesophageal outlet 6, while the respiration lumen 11 is limited in the proximal direction by the adhesive or welding wall 13.
 As has already been stated the insertion tube is not shown here. Preferably, in cross-section such an insertion tube will be shaped like the tube connecting connector 2 in the cross-section area in accordance with FIG. 5. However, this is not obligatory. For example, an adapter, into which two individual tubes open which together form an insertion tube 2, can be inserted into the plug areas 16 up to the projection 14.
LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS
 1. Larynx mask  2. Tune connecting connection  3. Cover plate  4. Tip of the larynx mask  5. Cuff  6. Oesophageal outlet  7. Respiration chamber  8. Cuff ventilation connection  9. Separating and supporting wall  10. Oesophageal lumen  11. Respiration lumen  12. Insertion section  13. Adhesive, welding wall  14. Projection  15. Adhesive, welding edge  16. Plug area
Patent applications by Werner F. Dubach, Maur CH
Patent applications by Deltona Innovations AG
Patent applications in class Respiratory gas supply means enters mouth or tracheotomy incision
Patent applications in all subclasses Respiratory gas supply means enters mouth or tracheotomy incision
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