# Jian Lin, Beverly Hills US

## Jian Lin, Beverly Hills, MI US

Patent application number | Description | Published |
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20080229806 | KNOCK SYSTEM WITH DETECTION ZONES - A knock detection module for an engine comprises a statistics storage module and a processing module. The statistics storage module stores M times N vibration profiles corresponding to M zones of operation of the engine and N cylinders of the engine, wherein M and N are integers greater than one. The processing module determines in which one of the M zones the engine is operating and determines whether knock has occurred for one of the N cylinders by comparing measured vibration data with a selected one of the vibration profiles corresponding to the one of the M zones and the one of the N cylinders. | 09-25-2008 |

20090091299 | DYNAMICALLY ADAPTIVE METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE STATE OF CHARGE OF A BATTERY - A method for determining the state of charge (SOC) of a lithium ion battery is provided. The method leverages a circuit model of the lithium ion battery, and generates four battery parameters from which the SOC is derived. | 04-09-2009 |

20090302855 | METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CHARACTERIZING A BATTERY - Methods and systems are provided for characterizing a battery. A property of the battery is measured. A dynamic characteristic of the battery is determined from a second order linear dynamic model. | 12-10-2009 |

20090322283 | Method for battery capacity estimation - An embodiment contemplates a method for estimating a capacity of a battery. A state of charge is determined at a first instant of time and at a second instant of time. A difference in the state of charge is determined between the first instant of time and the second instant of time. A net coulomb flow is calculated between the first instant of time and the second instant of time. The battery capacity is determined as a function of the change in the state of charge and the net coulomb flow. | 12-31-2009 |

20100076704 | METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING A STATE OF CHARGE OF A BATTERY - Methods and systems for determining a state of charge of a battery are provided. A first component of the state of charge is calculated based on a first property of the battery. A second component of the state of charge is calculated based on a second property of the battery. The first component of the state of charge is weighted based on a rate of change of the first property relative to a change of the state of charge. The second component of the state of charge is weighted based on a rate of change of the second property relative to a change of the state of charge. The state of charge is determined based on the first and second weighted components. | 03-25-2010 |

20100076705 | METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING A STATE OF CHARGE OF A BATTERY BASED ON A TRANSIENT RESPONSE - Methods and systems for determining a state of charge of a battery exhibiting a transient response are provided. At least one property of the battery is measured. The state of charge of the battery is determined based on the at least one measured property and a transient response of the battery. | 03-25-2010 |

20100321025 | Method for use With A Vehicle Battery Pack Having A Number of Individual Battery Cells - A system and method for use with a vehicle battery pack having a number of individual battery cells, such as a lithium-ion battery commonly used in hybrid electric vehicles. In one embodiment, the method evaluates individual battery cells within a vehicle battery pack in order to obtain accurate estimates regarding their average transient voltage effect, open circuit voltage (OCV | 12-23-2010 |

20110224928 | BATTERY STATE ESTIMATOR USING MULTIPLE SAMPLING RATES - A method for estimating vehicle battery parameters that uses two different sampling rates. The method samples a battery terminal voltage and current at a high sampling rate to estimate the battery open circuit voltage and high frequency resistance. The battery state of charge (SOC) is derived from the open circuit voltage. Next, the battery terminal voltage and current are re-sampled at a low sampling rate. Other battery parameters can be extracted from the low-rate sampled signals. Next, all of the battery parameters that were obtained from the two sampling rates are used together to predict battery power. | 09-15-2011 |

20110309838 | ADAPTIVE BATTERY PARAMETER EXTRACTION AND SOC ESTIMATION FOR LITHIUM-ION BATTERY - A system and method for estimating internal parameters of a lithium-ion battery to provide a reliable battery state-of-charge estimate. The method uses a two RC-pair equivalent battery circuit model to estimate the battery parameters, including a battery open circuit voltage, an ohmic resistance, a double layer capacitance, a charge transfer resistance, a diffusion resistance and a diffusion capacitance. The method further uses the equivalent circuit model to provide a difference equation from which the battery parameters are adapted, and calculates the battery parameters from the difference equation. | 12-22-2011 |

20120091971 | EXCESSIVE CURRENT DETECTION CONTROLS METHOD - A method for controlling charging and discharging of a battery pack for an electric or hybrid vehicle to prevent overheating damage. Current flowing into or out of the battery pack is monitored, and root mean square (RMS) current is integrated over a time window and compared to a threshold to determine if power needs to be regulated in order to prevent damage to the cells in the battery pack. If the time-integrated RMS current exceeds the threshold, a closed-loop proportional-integral (PI) controller is activated to regulate power input or output. The controller will continue to regulate power until the time-integrated RMS current drops below the threshold. Various thresholds can be defined for different time windows. The gains used in the PI controller can also be adjusted to scale the amount of power regulation. | 04-19-2012 |

20120101753 | ADAPTIVE SLOWLY-VARYING CURRENT DETECTION - A system and method for determining whether an onboard estimation process, such as a recursive least squares regression process, can effectively calculate the state-of-charge of a battery. The method includes defining a current sample time and a previous sample time and measuring the battery current. The method then calculates a variation moving average of the measured current and an index of current change rate determined by averaging the absolute value of the current variation moving average using the measured current and calculated moving averages from the previous sample time. The method then determines if the current change index is greater than a predetermined threshold, and if so, the estimate of the battery state-of-charge resulting from the onboard estimation process is valid. | 04-26-2012 |

20120105013 | APPARATUS OF SOC ESTIMATION DURING PLUG-IN CHARGE MODE - A system and method for estimating parameters of a rechargeable energy storage system during a plug-in charge mode include reading a first measured voltage and a measured current from the rechargeable energy storage system while charging the rechargeable energy storage system during a plug-in charge mode, interrupting the charge to stop current flow to the rechargeable energy storage system for a predetermined period of time, reading a second measured voltage during the charge interrupt, calculating a resistance based on the first measured voltage, the second measured voltage and the measured current, calculating an open circuit voltage of the rechargeable energy storage system based on the resistance, the second measured voltage, the measured current and determining the state-of-charge for the rechargeable energy storage system using the open circuit voltage. | 05-03-2012 |

20120109554 | ONBOARD ADAPTIVE BATTERY CORE TEMPERATURE ESTIMATION - Methods and systems for dynamically estimating the core temperature of at least one cell in a battery. In one aspect, the method includes using a combination of estimations including one based on ohmic resistance and another based on a function of thermal energy transfer through the battery. A weighting factor may be used for each of the estimations as a way to calculating a core temperature. The estimation based on ohmic resistance may be made determined independently of a measured surface temperature of the battery or any of the cells in the battery. | 05-03-2012 |

20120136594 | DYNAMIC BATTERY CAPACITY ESTIMATION - A method of determining a state of health of a battery in real time includes estimating a parameter value associated with the state of health of the battery and determining one or more of a terminal voltage, an accumulated charge, a state of charge, and a temperature of the battery. The method further includes determining, via a computing device, a reserve capacity of the battery based at least in part on the estimated parameter value and one or more of the terminal voltage, the accumulated charge, the state of charge, and the temperature of the battery. | 05-31-2012 |

20120136595 | BATTERY DIFFUSION VOLTAGE ESTIMATION - A method includes estimating a first diffusion voltage value of a battery by selecting the first diffusion voltage value from a look-up table, estimating a second diffusion voltage value of the battery using an estimation procedure, selecting at least one of the estimated first and second diffusion voltage values, and determining an open circuit voltage of the battery based at least in part on the selected diffusion voltage value. The method may be implemented by a computing device in a vehicle. | 05-31-2012 |

20140372053 | TECHNIQUES FOR ESTIMATING BATTERY PACK PARAMETERS - A method for a battery pack controller of an electrified vehicle, the battery pack controller including one or more processors, includes identifying N battery cells of a battery pack that includes M battery cells, the N battery cells being weakest battery cells of the battery pack, wherein N is an integer greater than zero and less than M. The method includes determining one or more first parameters for each of the N battery cells, each of the one or more first parameters indicating a parameter for a specific battery cell. The method includes estimating one or more second parameters for the battery pack based on the one or more first parameters for each of the N battery cells, each of the one or more second parameters indicating a parameter for the battery pack. The method also includes outputting the one or more second parameters for the battery pack. | 12-18-2014 |