# Filters

## Subclass of:

## 367 - Communications, electrical: acoustic wave systems and devices

## 367014000 - SEISMIC PROSPECTING

## 367037000 - Land-reflection type

## 367038000 - Signal analysis and/or correction

### Patent class list (only not empty are listed)

#### Deeper subclasses:

Class / Patent application number | Description | Number of patent applications / Date published |
---|---|---|

367043000 | Filters | 66 |

20100254219 | Detection of Features in Seismic Images - A computer implemented method for the detection of features such as faults or channels in seismic images. First, edges are detected in a smoothed seismic image ( | 10-07-2010 |

20110075514 | APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR ATTENUATING SEISMIC NOISE ASSOCIATED WITH ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE FLUCTUATIONS - Apparatus and methods are described for attenuating noise associated with atmospheric pressure fluctuations in a seismic signal during seismic data acquisition using at least a pair of sensors comprising a seismic sensor and a pressure sensor for concurrently receiving a seismic signal and a pressure signal respectively, the sensors being adapted individually to transmit the respective seismic and pressure signals to a remote recording station which is adapted to record a plurality of seismic and pressure signals; and a filter for removing, at least partly, noise associated with atmospheric pressure fluctuations in the seismic signal, the filter employing an input signal from the pressure sensor; and a model of the coupling between the atmosphere and the ground to generate a reference signal which is combined with the seismic signal to produce an output signal. | 03-31-2011 |

20100074051 | REMOVING NON-PHYSICAL WAVEFIELDS FROM INTERFEROMETRIC GREEN'S FUNCTIONS - A method for estimating seismic data from sources of noise in the earth surrounding a first seismic receiver and a second seismic receiver. The method includes calculating a Green's function G′(X | 03-25-2010 |

20110069581 | Removal of Surface-Wave Noise In Seismic Data - The invention is a method to predict surface-wave waveforms ( | 03-24-2011 |

20120294116 | METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR SPURIOUS CANCELLATION IN SEISMIC SIGNAL DETECTION - Methods and systems utilizing seismic sensors configured or designed for use in seismic signal detection are provided so as to reduce the occurrence of spurious responses of the sensors. A method of seismic surveying using a seismic sensor may include the steps of deploying the seismic sensor at a location for seismic signal detection and acquiring seismic signals. The seismic signals may include high frequency response signals containing spurious response signals at an identifiable bandwith. The method may further include applying spurious response cancellation based on the bandwidth location of the spurious response signals and generating modified seismic waveforms having extended frequency bandwidth. | 11-22-2012 |

20110141849 | Method for attenuating interference noise in dual-sensor seismic data - A super-gather is constructed by interleaving traces from a hydrophone gather and a geophone gather in seismic data such that traces pertaining to co-located hydrophones and geophones are adjacent to each other. A noise-attenuated super-gather, generated by applying an f-x domain noise identifying and attenuation process to the super-gather, is subtracted from the super-gather to generate a super-gather noise model. A hydrophone gather noise model, generated by removing non-noisy geophone gather traces from the super-gather noise model, is subtracted from the hydrophone gather to generate seismic data with interference noise attenuated. | 06-16-2011 |

20110205844 | Systems and Methods for Modeling 3D Geological Structures - Systems and methods for modeling a three-dimensional ( | 08-25-2011 |

20120281499 | CONTINUOUS SEISMIC ACQUISITION - The invention relates to a seismic acquisition process where multiple seismic sources are used to acquire seismic energy using encoding so that all of the sources may deliver seismic energy at the same time where the sweeps are arranged to be back to back with no listen time and wherein a pseudo listen time that is uncontaminated is created in the composite data record. After the listen time is created, the composite data may be source separated for further processing and analysis. | 11-08-2012 |

20120195164 | DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING S-WAVE ATTENUATION IN NEAR-SURFACE CONDITION - Computing device and method for determining primary and ghost components from S-waves recorded in near-surface conditions, wherein the S-waves are refracted or reflected from a structure in a subsurface. The method includes a step of receiving seismic data (R, V) with regard to the S-waves, wherein the seismic data includes vertical and radial components recorded with a buried three-component receiver; a step of calculating with a processor a primary component (P) and a ghost component (G) from the vertical and radial components; and a step of computing an image of a subsurface based on the primary and ghost components (P, G). The S-waves form a plane wave. | 08-02-2012 |

20120243372 | Simultaneous Wavelet Extraction and Deconvolution in the Time Domain - Blind wavelet extraction and de-convolution is performed on seismic data to enable its practical usage in seismic processing and to provide quality control of data obtained in areas where data from wells are not available. The wavelet extraction and deconvolution are realized in the time domain by iteration, producing a mixed phase wavelet with minimal prior knowledge of the actual nature of the wavelet. As a result of the processing, the de-convolved seismic reflectivity is obtained simultaneously. | 09-27-2012 |

20100322032 | APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IMAGING SUBSURFACE STRUCTURE OF TARGET AREA BY USING WAVEFORM INVERSION - Provided are an apparatus and method for imaging the subsurface structure of a target area by using waveform inversion. In the apparatus and method, the subsurface structure of a target area is estimated using waveform inversion of a seismic signal in the frequency domain, the Laplace domain, or the Laplace-Fourier domain, and an objective function is defined by applying a weighting function such that the objective function makes a different contribution for each frequency, each Laplace damping constant, or each Laplace-Fourier damping constant. The objective function is not limited to a particular type of objective function and a weighting function can be automatically determined when a gradient vector for each frequency, each Laplace damping constant, or each Laplace-Fourier damping constant is normalized. In addition, a gradient direction for all frequencies can be defined by applying another weighting function to the sum of respective gradient vectors for all frequencies, all Laplace damping constants, or all Laplace-Fourier damping constants, wherein the weighting function can also be automatically determined by normalization. | 12-23-2010 |

20090285052 | Methods of enhancing separation of primary reflection signals and noise in seismic data using radon transformations - Improved methods of processing seismic data which comprise amplitude data assembled in the offset-time domain in which primary reflection signals and noise overlap are provided for. The methods include the step of enhancing the separation between primary reflection signals and coherent noise by transforming the assembled data from the offset-time domain to the time-slowness domain. More specifically, the assembled amplitude data are transformed from the offset-time domain to the time-slowness domain using a Radon transformation according to an index j of the slowness set and a sampling variable Δp; wherein | 11-19-2009 |

20110080808 | SENSOR ASSEMBLY HAVING A SEISMIC SENSOR AND A DIVERGENCE SENSOR - A sensor assembly having improved characteristics for use in surveying a subterranean structure includes a divergence sensor for positioning at or below a ground surface, where the divergence sensor includes a container containing a material and a pressure sensor immersed in the material. In addition, the sensor assembly includes a single-component seismic sensor that is external to the container of the divergence sensor. | 04-07-2011 |

20130315033 | NEAR-SURFACE NOISE PREDICTION AND REMOVAL FOR DATA RECORDED WITH SIMULTANEOUS SEISMIC SOURCES - A seismic data processing method for predicting and removing unwanted near-surface noise, e.g. refracted waves and surface waves, from composite seismograms acquired with multiple, encoded seismic sources in which the time records from the different sources overlap or interfere. Surface-consistent properties are determined ( | 11-28-2013 |

20140269186 | SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ISOLATING SIGNAL IN SEISMIC DATA - A system and method for isolating signal in seismic data representative of a subsurface region of interest including receiving a seismic dataset representative of seismic signal and seismic noise and a seismic data guide; transforming the seismic dataset and the seismic data guide into a domain wherein the seismic data have a sparse or compressible representation to create a first set and a second set of representative coefficients; comparing the first set of representative coefficients to the second set of representative coefficients to identify and select desirable members of the first set of representative coefficients that are within a defined threshold of the second set of representative coefficients to create an improved first set of representative coefficients; and performing an inverse transform of the improved first set of representative coefficients to generate a modified seismic dataset. | 09-18-2014 |

20150117151 | Automatic Tracking of Faults by Slope Decomposition - Method for locating fault lines or surfaces in 2-D or 3-D seismic data based on the fact that fault discontinuities in the space domain span a wide range in a local slowness (slope) domain, whereas other dipping events in the space domain data, such as noise, tend to be coherent, and hence will appear focused in the slowness dimension. Therefore, the method comprises decomposing the seismic data ( | 04-30-2015 |

20120106295 | SEISMIC DATA VISUALIZATIONS - Embodiments of various technologies for a method for processing seismic data are disclosed. In one embodiment, a first portion of a record of pre-stack seismic data may be displayed in a three-dimensional XYZ (3-D XYZ) space. A selection may be received of a second portion of the record of the pre-stack seismic data within the first portion. One or more attributes may be determined that define the second portion. One or more regions may be identified within the record of the pre-stack seismic data having the attributes that define the second portion. | 05-03-2012 |

20140219054 | METHOD OF FIRST ARRIVAL PICKING OF SEISMIC REFRACTION DATA - The method of first arrival picking of seismic refraction data is embodied in software that uses the τ-p transform on energy-ratio seismic records. First, the seismic shots are gathered. Next, the energy ratio (ER) is computed, and then the τ-p transform of the energy ratio is computed. Using a binary mask, a corresponding first arrival energy is selected. The transform is combined with the binary mask and presented as input to an inverse τ-p transform. The inverse transform data is then thresholded, and indices of ER first arrivals are detected based on the thresholds. The software then creates a vector of indices or time samples of picks. This method can be used to better guide the subsequent careful picking of first arrivals. Moreover, the method automatically interpolates missing picks. | 08-07-2014 |

20160124103 | METHODS AND DEVICES FOR TRANSFORMATION OF COLLECTED DATA FOR IMPROVED VISUALIZATION CAPABILITY - Computing systems and methods for improving imaging of collected data are disclosed. In one embodiment, a first wavefield is propagated to obtain a first wavefield history; the first wavefield is again propagated to obtain a second wavefield history, wherein the propagation includes integration of one or more Q-effects; a first attenuated traveltime history is estimated based at least in part on the first and second wavefield histories; a first Q-model filter is calculated based at least in part on the first estimated attenuated traveltime; and a first adjusted wavefield is generated based at least in part on application of the first Q-model filter to the first wavefield. In some embodiments, an image is generated based at least on a first adjusted wavefield and a second wavefield. | 05-05-2016 |

20100195438 | DERIVING TILT-CORRECTED SEISMIC DATA IN A MULTI-AXIS SEISMIC SENSOR MODULE - A seismic sensor module includes sensing elements arranged in a plurality of axes to detect seismic signals in a plurality of respective directions, and a processor to receive data from the sensing elements and to determine inclinations of the axes with respect to a particular orientation. The determined inclinations are used to combine the data received from the sensing elements to derive tilt-corrected seismic data for the particular orientation. | 08-05-2010 |

20120092961 | ANALYSIS AND FILTERING OF SURFACE WAVES IN SHALLOW WATER ENVIRONMENT USING S AND T-F-K TRANSFORM - The various embodiments of the present invention provide a method for removing a Scholte waves and similar ground roll type waves from a seismic sea bottom data in a shallow water. The method comprises acquiring seismic sea bottom data in a shallow waters, applying a time-frequency-wave number (t-f-k) transform on the acquired seismic sea bottom data, identifying a time-frequency relationship of a surface wave based on a specific wave number, identifying a frequency-wave number relationship of a surface wave based on a specific time, designing a time varying frequency-wave number filter in the time-frequency-wave number domain to separate the surface wave, applying a time varying frequency-wave number filtering process to remove an undesired energy and inversing a filtered record by applying an inverse S-Transform operation and an inverse Fourier Transform operation. | 04-19-2012 |

20130170317 | Receiving Seismic Signals From Seismic Signal Sources - A seismic exploration system includes a survey area defined by a perimeter and including a first plurality of sub-areas and a second plurality of sub-areas adjacent the first plurality of sub-areas; two or more seismic energy sources installed within the perimeter of the seismic survey area; a first plurality of groups of seismic energy receivers installed in the first plurality of sub-areas, each of the groups of seismic energy receivers in the first plurality of groups including two or more seismic energy receivers per wavelength of seismic energy generated by the two or more seismic energy sources; and a second plurality of groups of seismic energy receivers installed in the second plurality of sub-areas, each of the groups of seismic energy receivers in the second plurality of groups including less than two seismic energy receivers per wavelength of seismic energy generated by the two or more seismic energy sources. | 07-04-2013 |

20140369166 | REMOVING OFFSET FROM SEISMIC SIGNALS - Methods, systems, and devices for conducting a seismic survey. The system includes at least one seismic sensor configured to supply a signal responsive to reflections of acoustic energy from an earth surface; and at least one processor configured to: mitigate sensor offset from a sequence of samples representative of the signal by filtering the sequence of samples using a symmetrical-in-time finite impulse response (FIR) filter. The FIR filter may approximate a sinc-in-frequency filter. The at least one processor may be configured to process the sequence of samples using a plurality of filter stages that are rectangular in time. The length of one filter stage of the plurality of filter stages may be different than the length of another filter stage of the plurality of filter stages. | 12-18-2014 |

20150063067 | SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING SEISMIC ANISOTROPY WITH HIGH RESOLUTION - A system and method for estimating seismic anisotropy of subsurface formations with high resolution. A method for determining anisotropy parameters of subsurface formations includes generating a synthetic reflectivity gather from a vertical well log. Times of a surface seismic gather are adjusted to those of the synthetic gather. Low-cut filtering is applied to the surface seismic gather. Anisotropy parameters are generated as a difference of the filtered seismic gather and the synthetic gather. An anisotropy value is assigned to each of plurality of layers of a formation based on the generated anisotropy parameters. | 03-05-2015 |

20130176821 | Geophysical Data Acquisition System - A geophysical data acquisition system includes at least one geophysical sensor. The at least one geophysical sensor has associated therewith a signal generator configured to generate a signal corresponding to a type of the at least one geophysical sensor. The system includes at least one signal acquisition unit having a plurality of input channels. The at least one geophysical sensor is in signal communication with one of the plurality of input channels. The plurality of input channels each includes a detector for receiving and identifying the signal generated by the signal generator. The at least one signal acquisition unit includes amplification, filtering and digitizing circuits automatically configurable in response to the type of sensor identified by the detected signal. | 07-11-2013 |

20130107665 | METHODS AND DEVICES FOR TRANSFORMATION OF COLLECTED DATA FOR IMPROVED VISUALIZATION CAPABILITY | 05-02-2013 |

20130044568 | Seismic Signal Processing Method with Gaussian Slowness-Period Packets - Method for addressing non-stationary seismic data for data processing techniques ( | 02-21-2013 |

20130250723 | SWEEP SEQUENCE DETERMINATION FOR OVERLAPPING SWEEPS - An embodiment of the invention includes combining pseudorandom sweeps with an independent, or nearly independent, survey acquisition technique. Targeted design of pseudorandom sweeps can direct the majority of cross-correlation noise to lie outside key time-lags of the record (i.e., windows of interest). Embodiments of the invention are described herein. | 09-26-2013 |

20100265797 | INTERFEROMETRIC SEISMIC DATA PROCESSING - Implementations of various technologies for a method for generating a seismic image of a subsurface are described herein. Seismic data may be received from two sensors in a seismic survey. The seismic data below and equal to a predetermined frequency may be classified as low-frequency seismic data. The low-frequency seismic data may be re-sampled based on the predetermined frequency. A set of low-frequency Green's functions may be calculated using interferometry on the re-sampled low-frequency seismic data. High-frequency seismic data of the seismic data may be processed to create a set of high-frequency Green's functions at one or more source locations of the seismic survey. The set of high-frequency Green's functions may be merged with the set of low-frequency Green's functions to create a set of broad-band Green's functions. The seismic image may be generated using the set of broad-band Green's functions at the source locations. | 10-21-2010 |

20090262602 | Radon transformation for removal of noise from seismic data - Methods of processing seismic data to remove unwanted noise from meaningful reflection signals are provided for. Assembled seismic data are transformed from the offset-time domain to the time-slowness domain using a Radon transformation. Preferably, the Radon transformation is applied within defined slowness limits p | 10-22-2009 |

20130155813 | ITERATIVE DIP-STEERING MEDIAN FILTER FOR SEISMIC DATA PROCESSING - An iterative dip-steering median filter is provided for random noise attenuation in seismic data where conflicting dips are indicated in the data. A number of dominant dips inside a processing window or sample of the data are identified by a Fourier-radial transform in the frequency-wavenumber domain. A median filter is then applied along the dominant dip to remove noise, and the remaining signal after filtering is retained for further median filter iterations. Iterations are repeated to apply the median filter along the most dominant dip in the remaining data. The processing continues in subsequent iterations until all selected dips have been processed. The remaining signal of each iteration is then summed for final output. | 06-20-2013 |

20130088939 | WAVEFIELD SEPARATION USING A GRADIENT SENSOR - Seismic data relating to a subterranean structure is received from at least one translational survey sensor, and gradient sensor data is received from at least one gradient sensor. A P wavefield and an S wavefield in the seismic data are separated, based on combining the seismic data and the gradient sensor data. | 04-11-2013 |

20130194893 | METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING SEISMIC DATA - Methods and apparatuses for processing seismic data carrying information about a subsurface structure are provided. One method includes splitting the seismic data in groups, each group including subsets of seismic data for which a distance from a respective shot point to a receiver line in a patch of active detectors corresponding to the shot point is within a predetermined range for the group, and extracting signal data for each block Hankel matrix based on an SVD analysis thereof. Another method includes extracting signal data by subtracting from seismic data an estimated noise model obtained by rank reduction of a Hankel matrix followed by dip filtering, enhanced based on a least square matching filter with the seismic data. | 08-01-2013 |

20120063266 | SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ACQUISITION AND PROCESSING OF ELASTIC WAVEFIELD SEISMIC DATA - A system and method of acquiring and processing full elastic waveform data from a vertical-force source comprises providing seismic waves into the earth from the vertical-force source, sensing reflections of the seismic waves at multi-component geophones placed along the surface of the earth, and processing the reflections of the seismic waves to generate full elastic waveform data. | 03-15-2012 |

20130028052 | Convergence Rate of FUll Wavefield Inversion Using Spectral Shaping - Method for speeding up iterative inversion of seismic data ( | 01-31-2013 |

20130128695 | DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DEGHOSTING P-WAVES - Computing device and method for determining primary and ghost components from recorded P-waves. The method includes receiving seismic data (R, V) with regard to the P-waves, wherein the seismic data includes vertical and radial components recorded with a buried two-component receiver; calculating with a processor a primary component (P) and a ghost component (G) from the vertical and radial components; and computing an image of a subsurface based on the primary and ghost components (P, G). The P-waves form a plane wave. | 05-23-2013 |

20120026832 | JOINT STRUCTURAL DIP REMOVAL - A method for structural dip removal. The method includes converting a seismic volume to a depth domain, extracting seismic dips from the seismic volume in the depth domain along a borehole trajectory, analyzing a borehole using the seismic dips to obtain structural dip data, and in response to determining that the seismic dips and borehole dips obtained from borehole imagery are consistent, generating a three dimensional (“3D”) structural model using the structural dip data. The method further includes performing a structural restoration using the 3D structural model to obtain depositional geometry data, removing structural dip from the borehole imagery using the 3D structural model to obtain sedimentary dip data, and performing a stratigraphic interpretation using the depositional geometry data and the sedimentary dip data. | 02-02-2012 |

20130235695 | SEISMIC INTERPRETATION SYSTEM AND METHOD - The present disclosure describes a system, method and computer readable medium capable of identifying and filtering erroneous seismic data from the computer modeling process. A visual representation of seismic data pertaining to a subterranean formation may be generated and displayed upon a graphic user interface utilizing one or more color schemes. A filtering arrangement may be applied to the seismic data and the visual representation may be updated to include one or more indications illustrating seismic data that has been selected for filtering. The user may adjust filtering operations utilizing a computer generated selection tool. In one embodiment, the system provides a suggestion tool capable of alerting the user to potential seismic data filtering problems. | 09-12-2013 |

20140092708 | PLURAL-DEPTH BURIED SEISMIC SENSORS ACQUISITION SYSTEM AND METHOD - A system for collecting seismic data includes plural seismic sensors. The seismic sensors are buried underground. In one application, a first set of seismic sensors are buried at a first depth and a second set of seismic sensors are buried at a second depth. In another application, the sensors alternate along a line, one sensor from the first set and a next sensor from a second set. In still another application, the sensors are randomly distributed below the ground. | 04-03-2014 |

20120063265 | SEISMIC ACQUISITION AND FILTERING - Designing a multi-dimensional Finite Impulse Response FIR digital filter to attenuate the coherent noise while preserving reflection signals on seismic data, particular in land seismics, comprises computing filter coefficients to minimise an l-norm function of differences between a response of a filter with the computed coefficients and a predetermined response which attenuates signals outside a predetermined range of slowness relative to signals within the predetermined range of slowness. Additional constraints may be imposed on the coefficients to improve the attenuation of signals outside the predetermined range of slowness of the desired reflection signals, and/or to improve uniformity within the desired range. | 03-15-2012 |

20110085419 | SENSOR ASSEMBLY HAVING A SEISMIC SENSOR, PRESSURE SENSOR, AND PROCESSOR TO APPLY FIRST AND SECOND DIGITAL FILTERS - A sensor assembly includes a housing structure, a seismic sensor in the housing structure to measure seismic waves propagated through a subterranean structure, and a pressure sensor in the housing structure. A processor in the housing structure is configured to receive a first signal based on an output of the seismic sensor, and a second signal based on an output of the pressure sensor. First and second digital filters are applied to the first and second signals. Application of the first and second digital filters to the first and second signals causes production of a substantially zero output in response to input that includes just noise data detected at the seismic sensor and the pressure sensor. | 04-14-2011 |

20130128696 | NOISE REMOVAL FROM 3D SEISMIC REPRESENTATION - A method for removing noise from a three-dimensional representation of seismic data. The method includes receiving seismic data acquired in a seismic survey. The method may organize the acquired seismic data into a three-dimensional representation of the acquired seismic data. The method may then remove a noise from the three-dimensional representation of the acquired seismic data based on at least one criterion. | 05-23-2013 |

20140169133 | MEMORY-BOUND SURFACE-RELATED MULTIPLE PREDICTION METHOD FOR LARGE DATASETS - A method is performed at a FPGA coprocessor having memory that stores a plurality of blocks of compressed seismic traces. The method includes: receiving, from a host, a request for processing a predefined set of seismic traces, the request including block location and trace header information; accessing one or more of the blocks of compressed seismic traces from the memory in accordance with the block location information; decompressing each of the one or more accessed blocks into one or more seismic traces thereby forming a plurality of decompressed traces of seismic data; selecting all or a portion of the decompressed traces of seismic data in accordance with the trace header information; processing the selected decompressed traces of seismic data by applying one or more predefined operations to the seismic data; and returning the processed seismic data to the host. | 06-19-2014 |

20120243371 | SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SEISMIC DATA MODELING AND MIGRATION - A system and computer-implemented method for accounting for temporal dispersion in low-order finite difference seismic wave propagation is disclosed. An embodiment of the method includes transforming a seismic dataset from time domain to frequency domain to obtain a frequency-domain seismic dataset, applying a frequency-domain time varying filter to the frequency-domain seismic dataset to obtain a filtered frequency-domain seismic dataset, and transforming the filtered frequency-domain seismic dataset from the frequency domain to the time domain to obtain a time-domain filtered seismic dataset. The frequency-domain time varying filter is based on the effective phase velocity inherent in a finite-difference solution to the wave equation. The frequency-domain time varying filter may be applied to a synthetic seismic dataset that was generated by low-order finite difference modeling. A different frequency-domain time varying filter may be applied to recorded seismic data prior to reverse time migration. | 09-27-2012 |

20110199859 | METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ACOUSTIC DATA TRANSMISSION IN A SUBTERRANEAN WELL - The disclosure describes a method and apparatus for effectively communicating data along an acoustic transmission path. The method comprises driving an acoustic transmitter to send a data signal along the acoustic transmission path, where the signal is distorted by ambient noise. The distorted signal is input to a spaced apart plurality of sensors so that consequent time-delayed signals provide reinforcement of the basic signal and attenuation of the ambient noise component when combined. | 08-18-2011 |

20110134721 | Method For Combining Seismic Data Sets - A method is disclosed for combining seismic data sets. This method has application in merging data sets of different vintages, merging data sets collected using different acquisition technologies, and merging data sets acquired using different types of sensors, for example merging hydrophone and geophone measurements in ocean bottom seismic data. In one embodiment, a desired data trace is to be determined from a set of measured data traces, and the following steps are applied: (a) model filters are constructed which express the deterministic relationship between the desired data trace and each available measured trace that depends on the desired data trace; (b) the noise properties associated with each measured data trace are determined; (c) a sufficient statistic for the desired data trace is formed by application of an appropriate filter to each measured trace and summing the filter outputs; (d) the sufficient statistic is further processed by a single-input single-output estimator to construct an estimate of the desired data trace from the sufficient statistic. | 06-09-2011 |

20090080288 | METHOD FOR CORRECTING INPUT SEISMIC TRACES FROM DISSIPATIVE EFFECTS - A method and apparatus for correcting an input seismic trace. The method includes receiving the input seismic trace and creating a t by Q gather using the input seismic trace, where t represents traveltime, Q represents absorption parameter, and the t by Q gather has traveltime as the vertical axis and a ratio of t and Q as the horizontal axis. The ratio of t and Q is referred to as R. The method further includes applying an interpolation algorithm to the t by Q gather to derive a corrected input seismic trace. | 03-26-2009 |

20090097357 | Seismic Data Acquisition and Source-Side Derivatives Generation and Application - The technologies described herein include systems and methods for encoding/decoding seismic sources and responses, generating and using of source-side derivatives while also generating and using the conventional source response. Sources in an array may be encoded such that activation of each source in the array constitutes a single spike in a sequence orthogonal to another sequence emitted by another source. The responses to these different sources that are in close spatial proximity can be decoded and separated. Source-side derivatives may be calculated and utilized in various applications in combination with the monopole response from the source location, including source-side deghosting, spatial (horizontal and vertical) interpolation and imaging. | 04-16-2009 |

20090135670 | Method For Combining Seismic Data Sets - A method is disclosed for combining seismic data sets. This method has application in merging data sets of different vintages, merging data sets collected using different acquisition technologies, and merging data sets acquired using different types of sensors, for example merging hydrophone and geophone measurements in ocean bottom seismic data. In one embodiment, a desired data trace is to be determined from a set of measured data traces, and the following steps are applied: (a) model filters are constructed which express the deterministic relationship between the desired data trace and each available measured trace that depends on the desired data trace; (b) the noise properties associated with each measured data trace are determined; (c) a sufficient statistic for the desired data trace is formed by application of an appropriate filter to each measured trace and summing the filter outputs; (d) the sufficient statistic is further processed by a single-input single-output estimator to construct an estimate of the desired data trace from the sufficient statistic. | 05-28-2009 |

20090175125 | Direct Mapping of Oil-Saturated Subsurface Formations - The propagation of a compressional wave in a reservoir rock causes the pore fluids to flow within the pores and pore connections; this internal flow of the pore fluid exhibits hysteretic and viscoelastic behavior. This nonlinear behavior is directly related to the viscosity of the pore fluids. Pore fluids that have higher viscosity like oil, after being disturbed due to a sudden change in pressure applied by a seismic impulse, require a larger time-constant to return to its original state of equilibrium. This larger time-constant generates lower seismic frequencies, and becomes the differentiating characteristic on a seismic image between the lower-viscosity pore fluid like water against the higher-viscosity pore fluid like oil. Mapping these lower frequencies on a seismic reflection image highlights the oil-bearing volume of the reservoir rock formations versus the volume of the reservoir rock formations saturated with water or gas. | 07-09-2009 |

20090168601 | SPECTRAL CONDITIONING FOR SURFACE SEISMIC DATA - A method for spectrally conditioning surface seismic data. In one implementation, the method may include correcting surface seismic data for distortions due to anomalous spectral amplitudes, thereby generating a first set of corrected data; correcting the first set of corrected data for deterministic distortions, thereby generating a second set of corrected data; correcting the second set of corrected data for spectral distortions due to the seismic waves traveling through the near-surface, thereby generating a third set of corrected data; and correcting the third set of corrected data for spectral distortions due to the seismic waves traveling through deeper strata. | 07-02-2009 |

20090213691 | SOURCE SIGNATURE DECONVOLUTION METHOD - A method of filtering seismic signals is described using the steps of obtaining the seismic signals generated by activating a seismic source and recording signals emanating from the source at one or more receivers; defining a source signature deconvolution filter to filter the seismic signal, wherein the filter is scaled by a frequency-dependent term based on an estimate of the signal-to-noise (S/N) based on the spectral power of a signal common to a suite of angle-dependent far-field signatures normalized by the total spectral power of the signatures within the angular suite and performing a source signature deconvolution using the source signature deconvolution filter. | 08-27-2009 |

20090231955 | FAULT FILTER FOR SEISMIC DISCONTINUITY DATA - Various methods are disclosed for identifying faults in a seismic data volume. In some method embodiments, the fault identification method comprises determining a planarity value for each of multiple positions of an analysis window in the data volume. The planarity value may be indicative of the planarity of discontinuities in the analysis window, and may be further filtered by limits on the verticality and centrality of the discontinuities. Thus a filter may be determined for suppressing relatively non-planar, relatively non-vertical, and relatively un-centered discontinuities from a discontinuity display, thereby enhancing a display of faults present in the seismic data volume. | 09-17-2009 |

20080259728 | Method of Filtering Pump Noise - A method of filtering out pressure noise generated by one or more piston pumps, where each pump is connected to a common downstream piping system, and where the discharge pressure is measured by a pressure sensitive gauge, wherein the instantaneous angular position(s) of the pump(s)' crankshaft or actuating cam is/are measured simultaneously with the discharge pressure and used as fundamental variables in an adaptive mathematical noise model. | 10-23-2008 |

367044000 | Comb filters | 1 |

20140112098 | SEISMIC SOURCE AND METHOD FOR SINGLE SWEEP INTERMODULATION MITIGATION - A method for calculating intermodulation noise generated with one or more land seismic sources. The method includes receiving seismic data (g) generated by actuating the one or more land seismic source with a single sweep; selecting a number of detectors (a-f) that detect a subset (ga-gf) of the seismic data (g); estimating earth responses (ha | 04-24-2014 |

367045000 | Adaptive filters | 2 |

20100014383 | Method and Apparatus for Attenuation Wind Noise in Seismic Data - A method and apparatus for use in seismic prospecting are disclosed. The method includes: attenuating coherent noise in a seismic data set generated from a sweep signal; and correlating the coherent noise-attenuated seismic data set to the sweep signal. The apparatus includes a program storage medium encoded with instructions that, when executed by a computing device perform the method and a computer programmed to perform the method. | 01-21-2010 |

20120250460 | NOISE ATTENUATION USING ROTATION DATA - Measured seismic data is received from a seismic sensor. Rotation data is also received, where the rotation data represents rotation with respect to at least one particular axis. The rotation data is combined, using adaptive filtering, with the measured seismic data to attenuate at least a portion of a noise component from the measured seismic data. | 10-04-2012 |

367046000 | Inverse filters | 9 |

20130301387 | Redatuming Seismic Data with Correct Internal Multiples - Method for redatuming seismic data to any arbitrary location in the subsurface in a way that is consistent with the internal scattering in the subsurface. Direct arrival times are estimated from every point to every point on the edges of a virtual box in the subsurface ( | 11-14-2013 |

20130294196 | INVERSION USING A FILTERING OPERATOR - To perform inversion to produce a model of a structure, a filtering operator based at least on an angle between a propagating direction of a source wavefield and a propagating direction of a back-propagated receiver wavefield is computed. The filtering operator is used in performing the inversion to produce the model of the structure. | 11-07-2013 |

20130077438 | METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR ATTENUATING NOISE GENERATED AT FIXED LOCATIONS - Systems and methods according to these exemplary embodiments provide for attenuating noise which interferes with recordings of a seismic source. A method includes: generating a reference trace for a noise source; generating a primary trace for the seismic source; generating a first estimated convolutional operator between the reference trace and the primary trace; convolving the operator with the reference trace for a time frame to generate an estimated noise for the time frame; and subtracting the estimated noise from the primary trace to generate an output signal. | 03-28-2013 |

20120155218 | SEPARATING INTERFERING SIGNALS IN SEISMIC DATA - A method for processing seismic data. The method may include receiving seismic data due to a plurality of seismic sources and applying a first operator to the seismic data in an i | 06-21-2012 |

20160109592 | SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VELOCITY ANALYSIS IN THE PRESENCE OF CRITICAL REFLECTIONS - A method is described for processing residual moveout in seismic image data gathers representing critical reflections. The method includes receiving seismic image data arranged as a function of an angle or offset parameter including a high-velocity-contrast event with post-critical. The method also includes applying a wavelet de-stretch filter to the seismic data to correct wavelet stretching. The method also includes applying a fan-filter to remove coherent noise in the one or more post-critical traces; picking residual moveout of the high-velocity-contrast event; adjacent-trace differencing to detect the impact of phase change at critical reflections in residual moveouts, and applying a median-filter to the residual moveout to reduce the impact of phase change of the high-velocity-contrast event in the one or more post-critical traces. The median-filtered and reconstructed residual moveout is used for improving a velocity model used for generating the seismic image gathers. | 04-21-2016 |

20120188845 | Seismic Vibrator to Produce a Continuous Signal - A seismic vibrator receives a pilot signal having a predetermined waveform. The pilot signal causes vibrational actuation of at least one moveable element of the seismic vibrator. A continuous seismic signal having content in a first frequency bandwidth of multiple frequencies is generated by the seismic vibrator. | 07-26-2012 |

20160109595 | Noise Removal in Non-Uniformly Spaced Seismic Receiver Arrays - Embodiments of non-uniformly spaced seismic receiver arrays and associated noise removal techniques are disclosed. In one embodiment of a method of seismic data acquisition, a plurality of seismic receivers may be positioned in an array having a plurality of regions, each region in the array having a respective average spacing between seismic receivers, with the average spacing in a second region of the plurality of regions being greater than the average spacing in a first region of the plurality of regions that is adjacent to the second region. Seismic data may be acquired utilizing the plurality of seismic receivers, and noise may be removed therefrom. | 04-21-2016 |

20090231956 | Method for interpolating seismic data by anti-alias, anti-leakage fourier transform - An estimated frequency-wavenumber spectrum is generated by applying a first Anti-leakage Fourier transform method to aliased frequency components in temporal-transformed seismic data and applying a second Anti-leakage Fourier transform method to unaliased frequency components in the temporal-transformed seismic data. The second Anti-leakage Fourier transform method applies an absolute frequency-wavenumber spectrum extrapolated from unaliased frequencies to aliased frequencies to weight frequency-wavenumber components of the aliased frequencies. An inverse temporal and spatial Fourier transform is applied to the estimated frequency-wavenumber spectrum, generating trace interpolation of the seismic data. | 09-17-2009 |

20090073808 | METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRE-INVERSION NOISE ATTENUATION OF SEISMIC DATA - A method and apparatus for pre-inversion noise attenuation of seismic data. The method can generally comprise: (a) acquiring seismic data including receiver data corresponding to vibratory signals simultaneously generated by the multiple sources and detected by at least one of the receivers at a location remote from the sources and source data corresponding to the vibratory signals detected at a location in proximity to the sources; (b) attenuating noise present within at least a portion of the receiver data to generate corrected receiver data; and (c) inverting the corrected receiver data with the source data to separate the vibratory signals. | 03-19-2009 |