Patent application title: PAGING OVER A HIGH-SPEED DOWNLINK SHARED CHANNEL
Christopher R. Cave (Dollard-Des-Ormeaux, CA)
Christopher R. Cave (Dollard-Des-Ormeaux, CA)
Rocco Di Girolamo (Laval, CA)
Rocco Di Girolamo (Laval, CA)
Diana Pani (Montreal, CA)
Alexander Reznik (Pennington, NJ, US)
Alexander Reznik (Pennington, NJ, US)
IPC8 Class: AH04W6802FI
Class name: Multiplex communications communication over free space having a plurality of contiguous regions served by respective fixed stations
Publication date: 2016-04-21
Patent application number: 20160112990
An apparatus and methods are provided for paging in a HSDPA connected
mode CELL_PCH or URA_PCH state. Preferably, a WTRU is configured to
select various PICH information that is broadcast by a base station. The
WTRU is preferably configured to receive paging messages, based on the
selected PICH information. In one embodiment, a preferred WTRU is
configured to receive paging messages, based on a PICH, a HS-SCCH, and a
HS-PDSCH. In another embodiment, a preferred WTRU is configured to
receive paging messages, based on a PICH and a HS-PDSCH. In both
embodiments, a time delay parameter is preferably used so that the WTRU
may listen for either the HS-SCCH or HS-PDSCH for a period of time and
return to a sleep mode if no paging message is received.
1. A method implemented by a network entity to facilitate paging of a
wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU) for high speed downlink packet
access (HSDPA) wireless communications, the method comprising: sending,
via a broadcast, system information indicating a delay between reception
of a paging indicator and reception of a message; sending, from the
network entity, HSDPA associated paging indicator channel (PICH)
information elements comprising PICH information; sending, during one or
more paging occasions of the WTRU, a paging indicator over a PICH; and
sending a message on a high speed physical downlink shared channel
(HS-PDSCH), wherein a maximum delay between the reception of the paging
indicator and the reception of the message is pre-determined.
2. A network entity configured for high speed downlink packet access (HSDPA) wireless communications with a wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU), comprising a transmit/receive unit and a processor configured to: send, via a broadcast, system information indicating a delay between reception of a paging indicator and reception of a message; send HSDPA associated paging indicator channel (PICH) information elements comprising PICH information; send, during one or more paging occasions, the paging indicator over a PICH using the selected PICH information; and send the message on a high speed physical downlink shared channel (HS-PDSCH), wherein a maximum delay between the receptions of the paging indicator and the message is pre-determined.
3. The network entity of claim 2, wherein the network entity is configured to: send a common high speed downlink shared channel (HS-DSCH) radio network transaction identity (H-RNTI).
4. A method implemented by a network entity to facilitate paging of a wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU) for high speed downlink packet access (HSDPA) wireless communications, the method comprising: sending, via a broadcast, system information indicating a delay between reception of a paging indicator and reception using a high speed shared channel; sending, from a base station, HSDPA associated paging indicator channel (PICH) information elements comprising PICH information; sending, during paging occasions, the paging indicator over a PICH; sending a high speed downlink shared channel (HS-DSCH) radio network transaction identity (H-RNTI); and sending the high speed shared channel, wherein a maximum delay between the reception of the paging indicator and the reception using the high speed shared channel is pre-determined.
5. A network entity configured for high speed downlink packet access (HSDPA) wireless communications with wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU), comprising: a transmit/receive unit and a processor configured to: send, via a broadcast, system information indicating a delay between reception of a paging indicator and reception using a high speed shared channel; send HSDPA associated paging indicator channel (PICH) information elements comprising PICH information; send, during paging occasions, the paging indicator over a PICH; send a high speed downlink shared channel (HS-DSCH) radio network transaction identity (H-RNTI); and send a high speed shared channel, wherein a maximum delay between the reception of the paging indicator and the reception using the high speed shared channel is pre-determined.
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
 This application is a Continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 14/172,318 filed Feb. 4, 2014, which is a Continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/026,093 filed Feb. 5, 2008, now U.S. Pat. No. 8,744,496, which claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Nos. 60/888,209 filed Feb. 5, 2007, 60/894,611 filed Mar. 13, 2007, and 60/895,248 filed Mar. 16, 2007, the contents of each of which being incorporated by reference as if fully set forth.
 The subject matter disclosed herein relates to wireless communications methods and apparatus.
 High-Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) was introduced in Release 5 of the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) standards for wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA) wireless communication networks. A key operating principle of HSDPA is to share a fast downlink (DL) pipe. An example of a fast DL pipe is a high-speed downlink physical shared channel (HS-DPSCH). A universal mobile telecommunication system (UMTS) Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) may configure up to 15 HS-DPSCHs. Each HS-DPSCH may be shared by all wireless transmit/receive units (WTRUs) operating within the network on a per transmission time interval (TTI) basis, for example, every 2 millisecond. As a result, information on the downlink channels may be sent to a different WTRU in every 2 millisecond interval.
 In order to allow WTRUs to determine ownership of the information on HS-DPSCH shared channels, a base station also sends one or more parallel high-speed shared control channels (HS-SCCHs). Among other things, the HS-SCCHs provide detailed data to enable receiving WTRUs to determine which information transmitted on the HS-DPSCH is addressed to a particular WTRU and to enable the particular WTRU to recover the transmitted information.
 In HSDPA, a base station utilizes three key concepts to achieve high-speed data transmission. The three key concepts are: adaptive modulation and coding (AMC), retransmissions using a hybrid-automatic repeat request (HARQ), and base station scheduling.
 A base station may take advantage of the changing channel conditions as perceived by a WTRU in communication with the base station. In order to accomplish this, the base station can schedule transmissions to maximize DL throughput, for example, using 16 quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) for a WTRU close to the base station and using quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) for a WTRU at cell edge. Such fast scheduling is complemented with the use of HARQs, allowing retransmission of transport blocks that are received at a WTRU with errors. The HARQs are implemented at a physical layer and multiple simultaneous HARQ processes are permitted in order to maximize utilization.
 An ongoing problem in HSDPA compliant networks is latency within the UTRAN, especially in setup delays for packet switched (PS) and circuit switched (CS) calls. Reducing the delay during WTRU state transitions is one way to improve network performance.
 As illustrated in FIG. 1, a WTRU compliant with current standards can be in one of 4 possible states when in a connected mode, CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH, URA_PCH, or CELL_PCH. The WTRU state is based on WTRU traffic volume and mobility. The WTRU may communicate with the UTRAN only when in Cell_FACH or Cell_DCH states. Cell_PCH and URA_PCH states are intended for power saving operation. URA_PCH is used by a highly mobile WTRU that changes cells frequently. In both of these power saving states, the WTRU has no uplink mechanism to send traffic to the UTRAN. However, the WTRU can be paged to notify it to change states to either a Cell_FACH state or Cell_DCH state.
 The paging procedure is a two step process. To save battery power, a WTRU is configured with a discontinuous reception (DRX) cycle that shuts off the WTRU's receiver chain periodically. This is known as sleep mode. A WTRU is only awake (the receiver chain is on) for certain frames known as paging occasions. Within each paging occasion, a WTRU listens for a Paging Indicator on a Paging Indicator Channel (PICH). The Paging Indicator instructs a WTRU to monitor the paging channel (PCH) carried in the Secondary Common Control Physical Channel (S-CCPCH). The PCH is a transport channel that is mapped to a logical Paging Control Channel (PCCH).
 Multiple S-CCPCHs may be used. The WTRU selects from among the multiple S-CCPCHs based on an Initial WTRU Identity. The selected S-CCPCH is associated with a single PICH. This is the PICH that the WTRU monitors for paging indications. There is a strict delay requirement between the PICH and the associated paging message on the S-CCPCH. This delay offset is defined to allow the WTRU to receive the PICH and then the paging message. 3GPP Release 6 specifies this offset as 7,680 chips, or 2 millisecond. After recovering the PCCH, the WTRU can either enter the Cell_FACH state and perform a CELL UPDATE or return to sleep mode until the next paging occasion.
 One technique for reducing this state transition time is to map the PCCH to a high-speed downlink shared channel (HS-DSCH) instead of the PCH. A faster downlink rate results in a shorter transmission time for the paging message and faster state transitions. This protocol stack architecture is shown in FIG. 2. The inventors have recognized several problems that exist when mapping the PCCH to the HS-DSCH.
 First, HSDPA is currently only allowed in the Cell_PCH state and is controlled by the WTRU variable HS-DSCH_RECEPTION.
 Second, the HS-DSCH must be configured to operate in the downlink. This involves assigning a WTRU an address HS-DSCH Radio Network Temporary Identifier (H-RNTI), configuring a HS-SCCH channelization code, and configuring HARQ information, such as the number of HARQ processes and memory partition. Currently, there is no mechanism defined to allow such a configuration in Cell_PCH and URA_PCH states.
 Third, a WTRU in Cell_PCH or URA_PCH state is unable to send channel quality indication (CQI) information to the UTRAN because no uplink communication is possible. Thus, the base station cannot take full advantage of the AMC techniques required by HSDPA.
 Fourth, once a WTRU receives a Paging Indicator on the PICH, the WTRU expects a paging message in the associated S-CCPCH. This S-CCPCH occurs 7,680 chips after the PICH. In HSDPA, a base station schedules WTRU traffic. While it is possible to maintain a strict timing relationship between the PICH and the HS-DSCH, maintaining this relationship restricts the base station scheduling flexibility for transmission over HS-DSCH. Limiting the base station scheduling flexibility for HS-DSCH is undesirable since other types of traffic (for example, dedicated traffic channel (DTCH) and dedicated control channel (DCCH) are also carried over HS-DSCH.
 Therefore, HSDPA paging of a WTRU in CELL_PCH and URA_PCH states without the above mentioned disadvantages is desired.
 An apparatus and methods are provided for paging in a HSDPA connected mode CELL_PCH or URA_PCH state. Preferably, a WTRU is configured to select various PICH information that is broadcast by a base station. The WTRU is preferably configured to receive paging messages, based on the selected PICH information. In one embodiment, a preferred WTRU is configured to receive paging messages, based on a PICH, a HS-SCCH, and a HS-PDSCH. In another embodiment, a preferred WTRU is configured to receive paging messages, based on a PICH and a HS-PDSCH. In both embodiments, a time delay parameter is preferably used so that the WTRU may listen for either the HS-SCCH or HS-PDSCH for a period of time and return to a sleep mode if no paging message is received.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
 A more detailed understanding may be had from the following description, given by way of example in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
 FIG. 1 is a block drawing of conventional WTRU states for a radio resource control (RRC) connected mode.
 FIG. 2 are comparative stack diagrams providing a comparison of a conventional Paging Channel (PCH) protocol stack architecture for mapping a logical Paging Control Channel (PCCH) with the mapping of a PCCH to a HS-DSCH for HSDPA paging and a mapping of a DCCH/DTCH to a HS-DSCH for HSPDA paging.
 FIG. 3 is a flow diagram of a method for selecting PICH information from received system information broadcasts.
 FIG. 4 is a procedural diagram illustrating several HSDPA paging procedures in accordance with the teachings of the present invention.
 FIG. 5 is a timing diagram showing a timing relationship between a PICH frame and associated high-speed shared control channel (HS-SCCH) subframes.
 FIG. 6 is a timing diagram showing a timing relationship between a PICH frame and associated HS-PDSCH subframes.
 FIG. 7 is an illustration of an HSDPA network configured for paging in accordance with the teachings of the present invention.
 When referred to herein, the terminology "wireless transmit/receive unit (WTRU)" includes but is not limited to a user equipment (UE), a mobile station, a fixed or mobile subscriber unit, a pager, a cellular telephone, a personal digital assistant (PDA), a computer, or any other type of user device capable of operating in a wireless environment. When referred to herein, the terminology "base station" includes but is not limited to a Node-B, a site controller, an access point (AP), or any other type of interfacing device capable of operating in a wireless environment.
 Apparatus and methods for paging in Cell_PCH and URA_PCH states in a high speed downlink packet access (HSDPA) wireless communication system are disclosed. Three preferred WTRU configurations and methods are disclosed, one in which utilization of a Paging Indicator Channel (PICH) is optional. A first preferred configuration and method utilizes a PICH and paging groups. A second preferred configuration and method utilizes paging groups, but instead of using a PICH, a high-speed shared control channel (HS-SCCH) signaling procedure allows each paging group to be associated with its own group high-speed downlink shared channel (HS-DSCH) radio network transaction identifier (H-RNTI). The PICH may optionally be retained for support of legacy WTRUs. A third preferred configuration and method utilizes a PICH and a high-speed downlink physical shared channel (HS-DPSCH).
 In all three preferred configurations and methods, in order to map a Paging Control Channel (PCCH) to the HS-DSCH, high-speed channel configuration information must be provided to the WTRU. This configuration information may be received in a base station broadcast as part of the system information by adding a new information element to an existing system information block (SIB) and/or defining a new SIB and associated schedule.
 The broadcasted configuration information may include: PCCH over HSDPA capability; a common HS-DSCH radio network transaction identifier (H-RNTI) to be used for paging messages; common high-speed downlink physical shared channel (HS-PDSCH) information including a HS-SCCH scrambling code and channelization code; common HARQ information including a number of HARQ processes, memory partitioning related parameters, and the like.
 An exemplary broadcasted configuration information message is shown below in Table 1. The Need column indicates if the information element (IE) is a mandatory or optional parameter. MD indicates the IE is "mandatory" and must be broadcast and then received by UEs to be able to use the feature. The Multi column indicates for a parent parameter how many instances of the child parameter are allowed. For example, there can be 1 to <maxSCCPCH> of the PICH for HSDPA supported paging list.
TABLE-US-00001 TABLE 1 Information Type and Element/Group Name Need Multi Reference Semantics Description DL Scrambling Code MD Secondary DL Scrambling code to be scrambling applied for HS-DSCH and code HS-SCCH. Default is same scrambling code as for the primary CPICH. PICH for HSDPA MP 1 to supported paging list <maxSCCPCH> >HSDPA associated MP PICH info PICH info >HS-PDSCH MP Integer HS-PDSCH channel, Channelisation Code (0 . . . 15) associated with the PICH for HS-SCCH less PAGING TYPE 1 message transmission. Number of PCCH MP Integer (1 . . . 5) number of subframes used to transmissions transmit the PAGING TYPE 1. Transport Block Size List MP 1 . . . 2 >Transport Block Size MP Integer Index of valuerange 1 to 32 of Index (1 . . . 32) the MAC-ehs transport block size
 The HSDPA associated PICH information element shown in Table 1 may also be broadcast and received along with an information element DL-HSPDSCH system information that is used for a WTRU operating in CELL_FACH state, or these elements may be broadcast to WTRUs only operating in CELL_PCH or URA_PCH states.
 Referring to FIG. 3, a method 300 for selecting PICH information for HSPDA based paging is illustrated for an appropriately configured WTRU. The method 300 begins with receiving an "HSDPA Associated PICH Info" information element (IE), (step 310). This IE is transmitted from a base station, and may be broadcast. After receiving the IE, a WTRU compiles a list of candidate PICH for HSDPA information and determines a value k that corresponds to the number of candidates, (step 320). The WTRU then calculates a PICH candidate selection index, IndexPICH according to equation (1):
IndexPICH=U_RNTI mod k; Equation (1)
where U-RNTI is the UTRAN radio network temporary identifier, (step 330). The WTRU finally selects the PICH information from the compiled list based on the calculated IndexPICH, (step 340).
 Referring to FIG. 4, a signal flow diagram 400 of preferred HSDPA paging procedures disclosed herein includes a Serving Radio Network Controller (SRNC) 405, a Controlling Radio Network Controller (CRNC) 410, a Base Station 415, and a WTRU 420. The signal flow diagram 400 generally shows the radio resource control (RRC) layer of all entities depicted, with the exception of the WTRU 420, which shows both a WTRU physical layer, WTRU-L1, 425 and a WTRU RRC 430 layer. It should be understood however that various layers may perform the described functions. The example signal flow diagram 400 is based on a WTRU in discontinuous reception (DRX) mode.
 The base station 415 uses the DRX information of the WTRU 420 for scheduling paging messages destined for the WTRU 420. In this manner, the base station 415 will schedule paging messages destined for the WTRU 420 when the WTRU 420 is not in a sleep mode, thereby reducing the amount of time the WTRU 420 must monitor the HS-SCCH. When the WTRU 420 enters a CELL_PCH or a URA_PCH state, the WTRU 420 receives system information to configure the HSDPA paging channel, (step 435). The WTRU 420 may then determine its common paging H-RNTI as well as the HS-SCCH and/or HS-PDSCH and HARQ setup details. Alternatively, a WTRU-specific H-RNTI may be used for paging. There can be any number of HS-SCCHs associated with the paging channel and the WTRU 420 can select from among these using procedures known to those skilled in the art, such as those based on the initial WTRU identity.
 With specific reference now to Case 1 within FIG. 4, when the UTRAN needs to page the WTRU 420, a signal is received at the SRNC 405. The SRNC 405 forwards the message to the CRNC 410 via the lur interface, if necessary, (step 440). The CRNC 410 forwards a message that is destined to the WTRU (for example, a Paging Type 1 message) to the base station 415 via the lub interface, (step 445). A scheduler function resident in the base station 415, which has information relating to the DRX timing of the WTRU-L1 425, guarantees that the message is sent only during the WTRU awake time. This can be implemented in a variety of ways that will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Purely for example, the base station 415 may maintain a paging transmit queue common to all WTRU being served by the base station 415. Immediately prior to the WTRU-L1 425 entering an awake state of its DRX mode, the scheduling function of the base station 415 queries the paging transmit queue to determine whether a message is destined for WTRU-L1 415. If the determination is positive, the base station 415 transmits a paging indicator on the PICH, (step 450).
 After a time interval TPICH, which is between a minimum time delay TPICH_HSSCCH_MIN and a maximum time delay TPICH_HSSCCH_MAX, the base station 415 transmits the corresponding message using a common or WTRU-specific paging H-RNTI address on the HS-SCCH, (step 455), and the message is mapped to the HS-PDSCH, (step 460). The parameter TPICH_HSSCCH_MIN may be hard coded and predetermined. The parameter TPICH_HSSCCH_MAX may be broadcast from the base station 415 as part of the system information or other system transmission or broadcast. The time delay parameter TPICH may be defined mathematically as follows:
TPICH_HSSCCH_MIN≦TPICH≦T.sub- .PICH_HSSCCH_MAX. Equation (2)
 An alternative method for timing the transmission of the PICH and subsequent transmission channels may be used. When the message is forwarded by the CRNC 410 to the base station 415, the base station 415 again stores the message in a WTRU specific transmission queue. A scheduling function of the base station 415 schedules the message for transmission to WTRU 420 during an awake time based on DRX information of the WTRU 420. The message is scheduled during a future transmission time interval (TTI). In other words, the message is scheduled for transmission based on a current TTI (TTICurrent), plus a time delta, Δ. The base station 415 calculates Δ based on the WTRU-L1 425 DRX cycle. During the time interval Δ, the base station 415 may perform further scheduling algorithms to determine whether any MAC-hs packet data units (PDUs) require transmission in the current TTI, TTICurrent. The base station 415 may then transmit the paging indicator on the PICH immediately prior to the scheduled future time (TTICurrent+Δ). The time between PICH and associated TTI may be fixed or variable and may be hard-coded or broadcast as part of the system information.
 The WTRU-L1 425 monitors the PICH when awake looking for a paging indicator. When a paging indicator is found, the WTRU-L1 425 monitors the HS-SCCH during the time interval, TPICH or Δ, depending on which of the above embodiments are utilized, looking for a H-RNTI. If the paging indicator is not found, the WTRU-L1 425 re-enters sleep mode and waits for the next paging indicator opportunity. If the WTRU-L1 425 successfully receives a paging indicator and the common or WTRU-specific paging H-RNTI, the WTRU-L1 425 retrieves the message from the HS-PDSCH and forwards the message to the higher layer WTRU RRC 430, (step 465).
 Alternatively, in Case 2 as shown in FIG. 4, no PICH is used. Upon receiving a message via the lub interface from the CRNC 410, such as a paging type I message, the base station 415 transmits a message to the WTRU-L1 425 over the HS-SCCH via the Uu interface, (step 470). Either a group or WTRU-specific H-RNTI may be used. The paging message may be transmitted within a predetermined number of TTIs after the WTRU's 420 scheduled DRX wakeup time, or within a time interval window TPICH as described above. When the WTRU 420 determines that a paging indicator is present and addressed to the WTRU 420, the appropriate HS-PDSCH is monitored by the WTRU-L1 425, (step 475), and the message is received and forwarded to higher layers, (step 480).
 Alternatively, in Case 3 as shown in FIG. 4, a PICH is used but no HS-SCCH is required. Upon receiving a message via the lub interface from the CRNC 410 such as a paging type I message, the base station 415 transmits a message to the WTRU-L1 425 over the PICH via the Uu interface, (step 485). After a time interval TPICH, which is between TPICH_HSPDSCH_MIN and TPICH_HSPDSCH_MAX, as described below with reference to Equation 3, the base station 415 transmits a HS-PDSCH(s), (step 490). When the WTRU 420 is configured for operation with common H-RNTI (in other words a dedicated H-RNTI has not been assigned), the WTRU-L1 425 receives the transmitted HS-PDSCHs transmitted between TPICH_HSSCCH_MIN and TPICH_HSSCCH_MAX after detection of the PICH. No HS-SCCH is required. If a positive CRC is obtained from one or a soft-combination of any of the HS-PDSCHs, the received message is forwarded to higher layers, (step 495).
 In the cases described above, if no message is received over any of the various channels within the determined time interval (TPICH or Δ), the WTRU may then re-enter a sleep mode. In the various embodiments described above, a cell update procedure that is known to those skilled in the art may be performed after the WTRU 420 receives and processes the paging message, (step 500).
 In Case 1 of FIG. 4, a time delay exists between the PICH frame that includes the paging indicators and the first received subframe of the associated HS-SCCH received at the WTRU. The delay TPICH between the PICH and following message transmitted over the HS-SCCH is defined by Equation 2 above and is between TPICH_HSSCCH_MIN and TPICH_HSSCCH_MAX. Typically, the base station will start transmitting the HS-SCCH TPICH_HSSCCH_MIN after the PICH is transmitted. However, the base station could wait until TPICH_HSSCCH_MAX to transmit the HS-SCCH. This timing relationship is shown in FIG. 5. The first subframe of the associated HS-SCCH begins after a time delay, TPICH, after the transmitted PICH frame.
 In case 3 of FIG. 4, a time delay exists between the PICH frame that includes the paging indicators and the first received subframe of the associated HS-PDSCH(s). Similar to Equation 2 above, the delay TPICH between the PICH and following message transmitted over the HS-PDSCH(s) is defined as:
TPICH_HSPDSCH_MIN≦TPICH≦T.su- b.PICH_HSPDSCH_MAX. Equation (3)
Typically, the base station will start transmitting the HS-PDSCH TPICH_HSPDSCH_MIN after the PICH is transmitted. However, the base station could wait until TPICH_HSPDSCH_MAX to transmit the HS-PDSCH. This timing relationship is shown in FIG. 6. The first subframe of the associated HS-PDSCH begins after a time delay, TPICH, after the transmitted PICH frame.
 In addition to the configurations and methods described above, the rules for evaluating the Boolean variable HS_DSCH_RECEPTION may be modified to allow HSDPA reception in the Cell_PCH state and the URA_PCH state. In particular, the variable should evaluate to TRUE (i.e. paging via HSDPA is supported) when: a WTRU is in Cell_PCH and URA_PCH state, the DL radio link is configured as the serving HS-DSCH radio link, and there is at least one radio bearer mapped to HS-DSCH.
 Referring to FIG. 7, a HSDPA capable wireless communication network 700 includes a WTRU 710, a base station 720, an RNC 730, and a core network 740. Base station 720 includes a scheduler 750 for scheduling paging messages over the PICH, HS-SCCH, and HS-PDSCH as described herein. The scheduler 750 may also include processing capabilities for processing various base station information received from both the RNC 730 and the WTRU 710 via the base station 720 transceiver 760. The WTRU 710 includes a processor 770 and a transceiver 780. The processor 770 is preferably configured to perform various processing tasks required by the WTRU 710, such as those described above with reference to FIG. 3 and FIG. 4. The processor 770 is further preferably configured to control a DRX cycle of the WTRU 710 and provide DRX information to the base station 720 as desired. The transceiver 780 is preferably configured to receive various channels transmitted by the base station 720, including the PICH, HS-SCCH, and HS-PDSCH.
 Although features and elements are described above in particular combinations, each feature or element can be used alone without the other features and elements or in various combinations with or without other features and elements. The methods or flow charts provided herein may be implemented in a computer program, software, or firmware incorporated in a computer-readable storage medium for execution by a general purpose computer or a processor. Examples of computer-readable storage mediums include a read only memory (ROM), a random access memory (RAM), a register, cache memory, semiconductor memory devices, magnetic media such as internal hard disks and removable disks, magneto-optical media, and optical media such as CD-ROM disks, and digital versatile disks (DVDs).
 Suitable processors include, by way of example, a general purpose processor, a special purpose processor, a conventional processor, a digital signal processor (DSP), a plurality of microprocessors, one or more microprocessors in association with a DSP core, a controller, a microcontroller, Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) circuits, any other type of integrated circuit (IC), and/or a state machine.
 A processor in association with software may be used to implement a radio frequency transceiver for use in a wireless transmit receive unit (WTRU), user equipment (UE), terminal, base station, radio network controller (RNC), or any host computer. The WTRU may be used in conjunction with modules, implemented in hardware and/or software, such as a camera, a video camera module, a videophone, a speakerphone, a vibration device, a speaker, a microphone, a television transceiver, a hands free headset, a keyboard, a Bluetooth® module, a frequency modulated (FM) radio unit, a liquid crystal display (LCD) display unit, an organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display unit, a digital music player, a media player, a video game player module, an Internet browser, and/or any wireless local area network (WLAN) or Ultra Wide Band (UWB) module.
Patent applications by Alexander Reznik, Pennington, NJ US
Patent applications by Christopher R. Cave, Dollard-Des-Ormeaux CA
Patent applications by Diana Pani, Montreal CA
Patent applications by Rocco Di Girolamo, Laval CA
Patent applications in class Having a plurality of contiguous regions served by respective fixed stations
Patent applications in all subclasses Having a plurality of contiguous regions served by respective fixed stations