Patent application title: Shoe sole system providing a negative ion environment
Thomas Bove (Spokane Valley, WA, US)
IPC8 Class: AA43B1314FI
36 25 R
Class name: Boots, shoes, and leggings soles
Publication date: 2012-12-20
Patent application number: 20120317843
This invention includes embodiments which disclose a shoe sole base
system wherein there are a plurality of magnets embedded within a shoe
base and a plurality of spheres containing tourmaline, also embedded
within the shoe base. In further embodiments, the angle of the magnetic
axis of each of the plurality of magnets to other magnets in the
plurality of magnets is random in both two and in three dimensions and/or
the spheres containing tourmaline may emit negative ions and/or far
1. A shoe sole system comprising: a shoe sole base configured to provide
a magnetic flux and negative ions to a human foot; a plurality of magnets
embedded and fixed within the shoe sole base such that each the plurality
of magnets is embedded within the shoe sole base with its magnetic axis
at an angle different to some of the other magnets in the plurality of
magnets; a plurality of spheres containing tourmaline; and wherein the
plurality of magnets as embedded within the shoe sole base are configured
to each create a magnetic fields external to the applicator base and the
plurality of tourmaline spheres as embedded within the show sole base are
configured to generate negative ions external to the shoe sole base.
2. A magnetic sole system as recited in claim 1, and further wherein the plurality of tourmaline spheres as embedded within the show sole base are configured to emit far infrared rays external to the shoe sole base.
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
 This application does not claim priority from any other application.
 This invention relates to a shoe sole system which may be a shoe sole insert or a system integrated or embedded within the sole of footwear. In some embodiments of this invention the system more particularly provides a plurality of spheres which include tourmaline mineral or stone, and in other embodiments may include a plurality of spheres which include tourmaline stone combined with a plurality of spherical magnets embedded at random angles to one another and to the substrate which they are embedded in.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
 Modern medicine tends to attempt to solve health and related issues through chemical or surgical intervention. In some of these administrations of chemical intervention or drugs, the intervention may be designed to target an enzyme system within the body or to create a localized immune system response so that the body's immune system actually solves the problem. Drugs contain side effects however and in some cases the benefit of drugs does not always outweigh the side effects.
 The therapeutic, healing, preventative, health effect and biological effects of the application of numerous types and magnitudes of magnetic and/or electromagnetic fields have been studied and are the subject of numerous articles, studies, testimonials, anecdotal evidence, and prior patents, such as U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,084,003, 3,921,620, 5,002,068 and 7,931,577 (each of which are hereby incorporated herein by this reference). Exposing part or all of the human body to certain magnetic fields may accomplish any one of a number of different therapeutic effects, such as: muscular and nerve pain alleviation; diabetic neuropathy; arthritis relief; improve healing; an increase in the circulation of the blood in the area in which the magnetic field and or magnetic flux for instance are imposed (to facilitate the action of the body's immune syste); and others. While there are many different and overlapping theories on why it works, it is believed that the differential or forces created by a magnetic flux introduces voltage differentials and stimulates the body.
 The tourmaline mineral group is one of the more complicated groups of silicate minerals from a chemical perspective and its composition may vary because of the different properties that tourmaline exhibits, such as isomorphous replacement. Due to its chemical nature and structure, tourmaline may be electronically charged and/or generate or provide a negative ion environment. It is believed that tourmaline may be externally pressured or stimulated to provide or generate negative ions or to enhance its generation, but that depends somewhat on the specific chemical composition. Tourmaline is believed to provide health benefits and to alleviate symptoms of certain conditions of the human body. Tourmaline has also been known or believed for its ability to hold an electric charge and that certain crystals produce measurable electric charges. Tourmaline gemstones creating an electrical charge may be capable of emitting infrared waves and generating negative ions, depending on the tourmaline stone and in some cases, the external factors or the environment in which the tourmaline stone is placed.
 Negative ions have been found and are believed to be important in relieving various symptoms of human conditions, including such states as depression. The holistic and naturopathic community recognizes tourmaline to have properties that provide many different benefits to our health, including improving circulation, the promotion of sound sleep, enhancement of the immune system, stress relief, and the stimulation of cell metabolism. Positive ions may create free radicals which are detrimental to our health, and higher concentrations of positive ions are generally found in various pollutants, industrial waste, exhaust fumes, cigarette smoke, insecticides and other negative substances to our health.
 Negative ions on the other hand are generally found in nature and such locations as ocean shores, the base of waterfalls, the area around the electrical storm and forests in the morning. Negative ions produced in concentrations by tourmaline result in healthful benefits and effects on the body similar or the same as those negative ions produced by nature.
 Tourmaline is a mineral which is not only a natural source of negative ions, but also of far infrared (FIR) rays. The tourmaline is utilized in some water filters to not only to filter the water, but also to provide a slight or mild alkaline water.
 In 1989, NASA released a report with experimental data indicating that 6-14 micron wavelength of far infrared is the essence of the suns energy that is an indispensable energy resource for life on Earth. Infrared Rays (FIR) have been called the "Light of Life", because they comprise the particular portion of the entire energy spectrum that's most responsible for sustaining life on Earth. To help understand this infrared rays are divided into three wavelength frequencies: near, middle and far. Far infrared waves are the longest of all infrared waves, measuring from 5.6 to 1,000 microns. A narrow spectrum of far infrared waves in the 4 to 14 micron range is known to have particularly beneficial and healthful effects on the body. Tourmaline has a similar wavelength and this wavelength may produce a warming that can penetrate bodily tissues deeply and uniformly.
 On the magnetic side, it is believed that at least part of the therapeutic effect of magnetism on humans is the angle and strength at which the magnetic field and or magnetic flux interacts with or encounters the nerve endings and/or blood vessels in a given area where applied. Since blood vessels and nerve endings are oriented at a wide variety of angles on both a two-dimensional and on a three-dimensional basis, it follows that a magnetic field or magnetic flux at varying or even random angles will maximize the therapeutic effect.
 It is therefore an object of some embodiments of this invention to provide a shoe sole system which includes a negative ion generator and a magnetic flux applicator. The magnetic flux applicator may be arranged or embedded such that the magnetic axis' of the magnets are provided at varying and or random angles relative to each other and/or relative to the application surface. It will however be appreciated that this invention is not so limited to random angles, but may also encompass aligned magnetic axis.
 It is a further object of some of the embodiments of this invention to provide a combination of a negative ion generator and a magnetic flux applicator for embedding in a shoe sole insert or in a shoe sole. It is a still further object some embodiments of this invention to provide a combination of a negative ion generator, a magnetic flux applicator and far infrared (FIR) rays embedded in a shoe sole insert or in a shoe sole.
 While the invention was motivated in addressing some objectives, it is in no way so limited. The invention is only limited by the accompanying claims as literally worded, without interpretative or other limiting reference to the specification, and in accordance with the doctrine of equivalents. Other objects, features, and advantages of this invention will appear from the specification, claims, and accompanying drawings which form a part hereof. In carrying out the objects of this invention, it is to be understood that its essential features are susceptible to change in design and structural arrangement, with only one practical and preferred embodiment being illustrated in the accompanying drawings, as required.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
 Preferred embodiments of the invention are described below with reference to the following accompanying drawings.
 FIG. 1 is a front top isometric view of one example of an embodiment contemplated by this invention;
 FIG. 2 is a front bottom isometric view of the example of the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIG. 1;
 FIG. 3 is section 3-3 from FIG. 1;
 FIG. 4A is an exemplary detail 4 from FIG. 3;
 FIG. 4B is another exemplary detail 4 from FIG. 3;
 FIG. 5 is a schematic representation of a combination of spherical elements which may be utilized alone or in various combinations in different embodiments of this invention;
 FIG. 6 is an elevation view of the human foot on an embodiment of this invention comprising a shoe sole insert;
 FIG. 7 is a top schematic representation of an insert for a human's left foot as contemplated by an embodiment of this invention;
 FIG. 8 is a bottom view of the example of the embodiment of this invention illustrated in FIG. 1;
 FIG. 9 is a right end view of the example of the embodiment of this invention illustrated in FIG. 8;
 FIG. 10 is a front elevation view of the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIG. 8;
 FIG. 11 is a detail of a possible embodiment of a magnet;
 FIG. 12 is a schematic elevation view of one depiction of an embodiment of a magnet which may be used in this invention, illustrating magnetic flux lines and the North Pole and South;
 FIG. 13 is a depiction of an embodiment of the invention wherein the shoe sole system is integrated with or embedded in the shoe itself;
 FIG. 14 is a schematic representation of patterns of tourmaline spheres and magnetic spheres in one embodiment of the invention; and
 FIG. 15 is a schematic representation of patterns of tourmaline spheres and magnetic spheres in another embodiment of the invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
 Many of the fastening, connection, manufacturing and other means and components utilized in this invention are widely known and used in the field of the invention described, and their exact nature or type is not necessary for an understanding and use of the invention by a person skilled in the art or science; therefore, they will not be discussed in significant detail. Furthermore, the various components shown or described herein for any specific application of this invention can be varied or altered as anticipated by this invention and the practice of a specific application or embodiment of any element may already be widely known or used in the art or by persons skilled in the art or science; therefore, each will not be discussed in significant detail.
 The terms "a", "an" and "the" as used in the claims herein are used in conformance with long-standing claim drafting practice and not in a limiting way. Unless specifically set forth herein, the terms "a", "an" and "the" are not limited to one of such elements, but instead mean "at least one".
 The terms "magnet" and "magnetic material" may include any type or kind of magnet or magnetic material with no one in particular being required to practice this invention. By way of providing some, but not an exhaustive list of examples, this may include without limitation, permanent magnets, magnetic materials which create a changing magnetic field, ferromagnetic components, and others. The magnets or magnetic material may be fluxing, fixed, moving or otherwise, within the contemplation of this invention, and may create pulsed, changing, fluxing, modulating, and/or fixed/constant magnetic, waved or energy fields (as a few examples) within the contemplation of this invention. They may including alternating poles, north poles, south poles, or combinations thereof, and different shapes of the magnets and magnetic fields, all within the same magnet or magnetic layer, within the contemplation of this invention.
 It will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that a device and method such as this, for the application for various treatments can be used in any one of a number of different ways, with no one in particular being required to practice this invention. The invention can be used to apply magnetic and/or electromagnetic waves to something typically benefited by one of the therapies, but which may be enhanced by the simultaneous application of two or three of the therapies, such as negative ions or far infrared rays.
 One of the components utilized in some embodiments of this invention is a layer of silicone or a silicone module. Silicone is generally any one of various polymeric organic silicon compounds such as oils, greases, or plastics and used for water resistant and heat resistant lubrications, varnishes, binders, and as electric insulators. Silicone may come in many different forms, such as a rubber form made from silicon elastomers, which may be noted for its retention of flexibility, resilience and tensile strength over a wide temperature range. Silicon may enhance the application of magnetic fields and/or flux through the human skin and aid in any resulting benefits to the application.
 The term "therapeutic" is also used herein to cover and include any such wave or energy source which has a therapeutic, health care or biological affect on a recipient, including a magnetic field, a static field, an electric field, infrared waves or any others with a therapeutic or health care affect. For example, it may later be determined that wave forms or energy anywhere in the electromagnetic spectrum or sound wave spectrum provide a therapeutic or health care affect to the recipient, which are intended to be included herein.
 When the term shoe is used herein, it is meant its broadest sense to include traditional shoes, boots, sandals, flip-flops, and other footwear--all within the contemplation of this invention. It will also be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that when the term shoe insert is used that means it may be temporarily inserted or permanently inserted and/or integrated with the shoe, sandal or sole of the shoe. This can be by providing additional layer which would otherwise integrate with the base of the shoe or the solo shoe, all within the contemplation of this invention.
 One of the purposes of this invention is to utilize the therapeutic properties of the tourmaline gemstone in a ground spherical geometry so that it can be encapsulated in a flexible substrate. Tourmaline is readily available in spherical shapes for example for the water filtration industry. For the purpose of experimenting, and taking measurements to verify the increase in negative ions that tourmaline emitted when encapsulated in a flexible substrate, an exemplary magnetic insole was constructed and combination of magnetic spheres and tourmaline spheres were embedded in the silicon substrate at a ratio of 3 magnetic spheres to 3 tourmaline spheres. The spheres were generally arranged in a hexagonal arrangement or hexagonal groupings. Using a Model Com-3010PRO Ion tester, the measurements of the number of negative ions emitted in by the insole containing the 3 magnetic spheres to 3 tourmaline sphere was at a reading of 871; whereas the negative ions that were measured from the insole without the combination was only at a reading of 3.
 FIG. 1 is a front top isometric view of one example of an embodiment contemplated by this invention, illustrating a magnetized shoe insert 101, shoe insert base 102, a plurality of recessed or inset areas 104, a plurality of tourmaline spheres 103, and a plurality of magnets 105. In this example of this embodiment of the invention, the inset areas 104 are hexagon shaped, but those of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that no one particular configuration or shape is required to practice this invention, but instead any one of a number of circular, arcuate, polygonal or other shapes may be utilized in practicing different embodiments of this invention.
 FIG. 1 further illustrates the tourmaline spheres 103 are also arranged in a hexagon type pattern as will be illustrated and discussed later. It will also be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that no one particular configuration or shape for the pattern of tourmaline spheres or magnets are required to practice this invention, but instead any one of a number of circular, arcuate, polygonal or other configurations or shapes may be utilized in practicing different embodiments of this invention.
 In FIG. 1, while item 105 is pointing toward what are referred to as magnets and item 103 pointing toward what are referred to as tourmaline spheres, the outer surface is actually part of the base and one way to retain, position and/or encapsulate the spheres (magnets or tourmaline) in their specific location at the desired angle or angles. The surface covering on the top side of the magnets 105 (and tourmaline spheres 103) within the sole insert is generally flatter than on the bottom side, and has sufficient base material to either retain the magnets in their places and at the desired angles, or to provide a covering of the magnets (or tourmaline spheres) with the desired base material. It may also be desired in embodiments of this invention to provide different materials to comprise the base material, depending upon the application: for example one might provide silicone to cover or embed the specific magnets and/or tourmaline spheres but utilize a polymer or other elastomer or rubberlike material for the other portions of the sole insert base 102, all contemplated by different embodiments of this invention. An example of a material which may be utilized is sold under the trademark Katon as a silicone rubber material.
 FIG. 1 further illustrates the rear portion 107 of the shoe insert 101, which is generally for placement under the heel and part or all of the instep of the user. The front portion 106 of the shoe insert 101 is generally for placement under the toes and ball of the foot of the user. While a full-length shoe insert is shown illustrated in the drawings, this invention is not limited to a full shoe insert but instead applies to partial inserts which may for example only cover the front portion 106, the rear portion 107 or other combinations and partial shoe inserts--depending upon the desired application and embodiment.
 Although it will also be appreciated the potential benefits of silicone in providing the interaction of the shoe insert with the human foot and in facilitating the application of the magnetic fields and magnetic fluxes, negative ions and far infrared rays, to the foot, this invention is not so limited.
 FIG. 2 is a front bottom isometric view of the example of the embodiment of the invention illustrated in FIG. 1, illustrating magnetized shoe insert 101, shoe insert base 102, a plurality of recessed or inset areas 104, a plurality of tourmaline spheres 103, and a plurality of magnets 105 (the 105b indicating the top of the magnet which is, depending on the embodiment, protruding above the base or encapsulated therein). FIG. 2 further illustrates inset areas 104, front portion 106 and rear portion 107 of the shoe insert 101. In this example of the embodiment, the magnets and tourmaline spheres 103 protrude slightly more than on the top side and have a more pronounced arcuate and protruding shape and configuration. While this may for some be preferably on the bottom side of the sole for comfort reasons, it may be desired in some applications of embodiments to place the larger protrusion side of the tourmaline spheres 110 on the upper side directly adjacent to the users foot to provide deeper magnetic fields and fluxes, as well as a massaging effect, all within the contemplation of this invention. The spheres may be sized any one of a number of sizes for use in shoes, with 2 millimeter diameter spheres being one size for shoe insert soles.
 FIG. 3 is section 3-3 from FIG. 1, and illustrates shoe insert 101, shoe insert base 102, magnet 105 with encapsulating base material 105a on the top side of the shoe insert 101 and encapsulating base material 110 on the bottom side of the magnets 105. FIG. 3 also shows a plurality of tourmaline spheres 109 with encapsulating base material 103a on the top side of the shoe insert 101 and encapsulating base material 110 on the bottom side of the tourmaline spheres 109. Again, the encapsulation illustrated in FIG. 3 is merely for exemplary purposes and may be accomplished in any one of a number of ways, as discussed more fully herein and as will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art, all within the contemplation of this invention.
 FIG. 4A is an exemplary detail 4 from FIG. 3, and illustrates shoe insert 101, magnet 109 with magnetized particles 109a therein, base 102, base insets 104, encapsulating base material 110 and encapsulating base material 103a. FIGS. 4A & 4B taken together, illustrate how magnets 105 can have the magnetic axis 113 and 116 poles aligned in their North and South directions generally perpendicular to the primary plane of the base 102. However while this arrangement is contemplated by some embodiments of this invention, as will be seen in later figures, the alignment of the magnetic axis may preferably be randomly oriented or random axis magnets. FIG. 4A illustrates how the magnetic particles 105c are aligned to achieve a magnetic axis 114 and 116.
 FIG. 4B is an exemplary detail 4 from FIG. 3, and shows an alternative example or embodiment wherein the magnet 105 with magnetized particles 105c therein are not oriented relatively perpendicularly to base 102, but instead are aligned at random angles as illustrated by the axis 116. Angle 118 is the angle between axis 116 and vertical and this may be in two-dimensional or three-dimensional court's, depending on the application. FIG. 4B otherwise has liked numbered items or components as shown and described relative to FIG. 4A, and will not be further discussed herein. FIG. 4B also illustrates negative ions and far infrared rays or waves rising above the tourmaline sphere 119 to create a negative ion environment and a far infrared environment above the base.
 FIG. 5 is a schematic representation of a combination of spherical elements which may be utilized alone or in various combinations in different embodiments of this invention. FIG. 5 depicts magnetic sphere 105, a magnet with a North-South axis at a random angle to the other spheres; tourmaline spheres 109 depicting a sphere with tourmaline therein producing far infrared rays represented by the arrows, and negative ions represented by an encircled negative sign. It will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that the combination of tourmaline spheres 109 and magnetic spheres 105 may be in any combination, pattern or ratio, if used in this combination in embodiments of the invention. The magnetic flux produced by the magnets may impact the generation and/or flux of negative ions from the tourmaline spheres 109.
 FIG. 6 is an elevation view of a human foot 120 standing on the shoe insert 101 shown in FIG. 1, illustrating shoe insert base 102, top magnet encapsulations 105a and bottom magnet encapsulations 105b. FIG. 6 further illustrates tourmaline spheres 103 embedded in the shoe sole base 102 (a shoe sole insert in the embodiment shown) and covered by encapsulating material 110.
 FIG. 7 is a top schematic representation of a shoe insert 140 for a human left foot as contemplated by an embodiment of this invention, illustrating shoe insert base 141 and a hexagonal configuration 142 of the plurality of tourmaline spheres 143, 144, 145, 146, 147 and 148. A second hexagonal configuration 149 is shown of the plurality of tourmaline spheres 150, 151, 152, 153, 154 and 155. FIG. 7 also shows a pattern of magnets 105.
 It can be seen from FIG. 7 and will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that there are numerous other hexagon configurations of the plurality of magnets on shoe insert 140 and it will be further observed the way in which one hexagonal configuration can interact with, be a part of and share magnets with an adjacent hexagonal configuration, within the contemplation of this invention.
 FIG. 8 is a bottom view of a shoe insert 160 similar to the example of the embodiment of this invention illustrated in FIG. 1. FIG. 8 instead illustrates that more than one pattern or configuration of magnets and/or of tourmaline spheres may be utilized on the same shoe insert within the contemplation of this invention, with FIG. 8 illustrating a plurality of triangular configurations 180 and 184. Triangular configuration 180 includes tourmaline spheres 181 and 183 combined with magnet 182, and magnets 105 with a second triangular configuration 184, which further includes tourmaline spheres 185 and 186. It will be appreciated that the entire shoe insert may be one pattern, such as hexagonal or may be triangular, or a plurality of patterns such as triangular combined with hexagonal, all within the contemplation of this invention. FIG. 8 further illustrates .a plurality of insets 162 in base 161 with tourmaline spheres 163 scattered throughout in different patterns.
 FIG. 9 is a right end view of the example of the embodiment of the shoe insert 160 invention illustrated in FIG. 8, illustrating shoe insert 160, shoe insert base 161, bottom tourmaline sphere encapsulations 163 and top tourmaline sphere encapsulations 164.
 FIG. 10 is a front elevation view of the embodiment of the shoe insert 160 invention illustrated in FIG. 8, illustrating shoe insert 160, shoe insert base 161, bottom tourmaline sphere encapsulations 163 and top magnet encapsulations 164. Additionally, FIG. 10 illustrates how magnets within shoe insert 160 may be randomly placed such that the polarity or the magnetic axis are at random angles relative to one another and/or relative to the shoe insert base 161. FIG. 10 illustrates first magnet 170 with its top end 170a, second magnet 171 with its top end 171a, third magnet 172 with its top end 172a and fourth magnet 173 with its top end 173a at a fourth angle. Again the random angles may be in two dimensions or in three dimensions, all within the contemplation of this invention. FIG. 10 further serves to illustrate that this invention contemplates magnets with magnetic axis at random angles and as described above in a prior figure, magnets all aligned relatively perpendicularly to the shoe insert base 161, combined with tourmaline spheres 163.
 FIG. 11 is a detail which illustrates one embodiment of a magnet 170 with its magnetic axis 170b or pole at angle 176 from a generally normal or perpendicular line 177. FIG. 11 illustrates relatively stronger magnetic magnitude by the darker areas 190 around the approximate north pole of magnet 170 and by the darker areas 191 around the approximate south pole of magnet 170.
 FIG. 12 is a schematic elevation view of one depiction of an embodiment of a magnet which may be used in this invention, illustrating magnetic flux lines as well as the north pole and south pole of the magnet. FIG. 13 illustrates magnet 201 with magnetic axis 222 at angle 207 relative to reference 204 normal or perpendicular to shoe sole insert base or application surface 211. FIG. 13 shows the respective magnetic fields 213 and 214 around magnet 201, further illustrates that in some embodiments it may be preferred that the magnet 201 not protrude from the applicator or shoe sole insert, but instead be wholly embedded or encapsulated therein.
 FIG. 13 further illustrates that the shoe insert base may be made of different materials such as outer layer 210 with outer surface 211, and outer layer 212, and inner base material 219. Outer layer 210 may be made of the same or a different material to outer layer 212, and silicone may be preferred for components or surfaces adjacent the skin of the user.
 FIG. 13 is a depiction of an embodiment of the invention wherein the shoe sole system is integrated with or embedded in the shoe 201 itself, instead of embedded in a shoe sole insert as shown elsewhere herein in other embodiments of the invention. FIG. 13 illustrates shoe 201, magnets 205 with top portion 205a and bottom portion 205b, tourmaline spheres 210, sole insert base 202 or substrate, foot 230, with encapsulating base material 203 over tourmaline spheres 210.
 FIG. 14 is a schematic representation of patterns of tourmaline spheres and magnetic spheres in one embodiment of the invention, showing the shoe sole system 214 with substrate 215, tourmaline spheres 216 and magnetic spheres 217 embedded in sole substrate 215. It will be appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art that anyone would number of different types of substrate material may be utilized, such as the silicone-based material (which may also include medical grade material to avoid deterioration and smells that may be generated within a person's shoe). One example of such a material that may be utilized in some embodiments of the invention, is sold under the trademark Katon. A benefit of utilizing a medical grade or other high-quality type of silicone is that it will not take on the bacteria, sweat and other smells from a person's foot.
 FIG. 15 is a schematic representation of patterns of tourmaline spheres and magnetic spheres in another embodiment of the invention, illustrating how the interconnected hexagon patterns 218 and 220 of the tourmaline spheres 216 may form a pattern throughout the sole of the shoe. Similarly numbered items are shown and described in FIG. 15 and will not be repeated herein.
 As will be appreciated by those of reasonable skill in the art, there are numerous embodiments to this invention, and variations of elements, components and combinations, which may be used, all within the scope of this invention.
 One embodiment of this invention, for example, is a shoe sole system comprising: a shoe sole base configured to provide a magnetic flux and negative ions to a human foot; a plurality of magnets embedded and fixed within the shoe sole base such that each the plurality of magnets is embedded within the shoe sole base with its magnetic axis at an angle different to some of the other magnets in the plurality of magnets; and a plurality of spheres containing tourmaline; wherein the plurality of magnets as embedded within the shoe sole base are configured to each create a magnetic fields external to the applicator base and the plurality of tourmaline spheres as embedded within the show sole base are configured to generate negative ions external to the shoe sole base.
 Further and/or additional embodiments to that described in the preceding paragraph may include further wherein the plurality of tourmaline spheres as embedded within the show sole base are configured to emit far infrared rays external to the shoe sole base.
 In compliance with the statute, the invention has been described in language more or less specific as to structural and methodical features. It is to be understood, however, that the invention is not limited to the specific features shown and described, since the means herein disclosed comprise preferred forms of putting the invention into effect. The invention is, therefore, claimed in any of its forms or modifications within the proper scope of the appended claims appropriately interpreted in accordance with the doctrine of equivalents.
Patent applications by Thomas Bove, Spokane Valley, WA US
Patent applications in class SOLES
Patent applications in all subclasses SOLES