Patent application title: Power Generation Systems, Processes For Generating Energy At An Industrial Mine Site, Water Heating Systems, And Processes Of Heating Water
Larry Andrews (Spokane, WA, US)
IPC8 Class: AF24H100FI
Class name: Heat exchange intermediate fluent heat exchange material receiving and discharging heat
Publication date: 2012-10-25
Patent application number: 20120267071
Power generation systems are provided that include a circular loop of
conduit, a dehumidifier coupled to the conduit, a power turbine coupled
to the turbine and a pump coupled to the conduit. Processes for
generating energy at an industrial mine site are also provided. Water
heating systems are provided that can include a dehumidifier associated
with a conduit containing water, a holding tank coupled to the conduit
and water heaters coupled to the holding tank. Processes of heating water
are also provided.
1. A water heating system comprising: a dehumidifier associated with a
conduit containing water; a holding tank coupled to the conduit; and
water heaters coupled to the holding tank.
2. The system of claim 1 wherein the dehumidifier exhaust contacts the conduit.
3. The system of claim 1 wherein the heat from the exhaust of the dehumidifier alters the temperature of the water within the conduit.
4. A process of heating water, the process comprising: providing a heat from a dehumidifier to water within a conduit coupled to a water storage tank; and utilizing the water within the conduit as a source of water to be heated by a hot water heater.
5. The process of claim 4 further comprising cooling portions of the dehumidifier with the water from within the conduit.
6. The process of claim 4 further comprising recycling the water from the storage tank through the conduit.
7. The process of claim 4 wherein the conduit is associated with the fan exhaust of the dehumidifier.
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
 This application is a divisional of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/492,741 which was filed Jun. 26, 2009, entitled "Power Generation Systems, Processes for Generating Energy at an Industrial Mine Site, Water Heating Systems, and Processes of Heating Water" the entirety of which is incorporated herein by reference.
 The present disclosure relates to power generation systems, processes for generating energy at an industrial mine site, water heating systems and processes of heating water.
 At industrial sites it is becoming more important than ever to conserve on energy usage, and mining sites are no different. Mining sites utilize a vast amount of energy and there are many places that energy can be conserved and utilized for other sources. The present disclosure provides power generation systems, processes for generating energy at an industrial mine site, water heating systems and processes of heating water.
 Embodiments of the disclosure are described below with reference to the following accompanying drawings.
 FIGS. 1 and 1A are power generation systems according to an embodiment.
 FIG. 2 is a hot water heating system according to an embodiment.
 FIG. 3 is a component of the system of FIG. 2 according to an embodiment.
 FIG. 4 is a power generation system according to an embodiment.
 Power generation systems are provided that include a circular loop of conduit, a dehumidifier coupled to the conduit, a power turbine coupled to the turbine and a pump coupled to the conduit. Processes for generating energy at an industrial mine site are provided that include providing an expanding fluid to the exhaust of the dehumidifier allowing the fluid to expand and drive a power turbine condensing the fluid and returning the fluid to the exhaust of the dehumidifier.
 Water heating systems are provided that can include a dehumidifier associated with a conduit containing water, a holding tank coupled to the conduit and water heaters coupled to the holding tank.
 Processes of heating water are provided with the processes including providing a tank from a dehumidifier to water within a conduit coupled to a water storage tank and utilizing the water within the conduit as a source of water to be heated by a hot water heater.
 This disclosure is submitted in furtherance of the constitutional purposes of the U.S. Patent Laws "to promote the progress of science and useful arts" (Article 1, Section 8).
 The present disclosure provides systems and processes that are described with reference to FIGS. 1-4. Referring first to FIG. 1, a power generation system 10 is disclosed that may be utilized at an industrial mine site, for example. According to example implementations, the system can include a circular loop of conduit 12 that coupled to as well as a power turbine 16 and a pump 18. According to example implementations, power turbine 16 can be located above ground, for example. Conduit 12 may contain an expanding fluid such as a refrigerant. That expanding fluid can be referred to as a hydrofluorocarbon or a hydrochlorofluorocarbon. Example expanding fluids can include HFC-32, HFC-125 and HCFC-22, for example. Other fluids such as those utilizing the commercial R-410A moniker may be utilized as well.
 According to example implementations, the expanding fluid via conduit 12 can be provided to within the mine site and more particularly to within a mine exhaust conduit. The fluid can be allowed to expand while proximate the site or exhaust conduit and continue along conduit 12 to drive power turbine 16, the fluid can then be pumped and condensed and the fluid can be returned to the site or proximate exhaust utilizing pump 18, for example.
 Turbine 16 can be a low pressure turbine. Turbine 16 can be an expansion turbine configured to utilize fluids described herein. Turbines of the present disclosure can be pressure differential turbine, for example, such as a turbine that takes advantage of the expansive nature of a fluid. Example turbines include those turbines that can utilize the vapor pressure exhibited by a fluid when transitioning from the liquid state to the gaseous state. Example turbines can include low pressure turbines. Turbine suitable for utilization in the systems and methods of the present disclosure can include the BP-50 series offered by Trigen Ewing Power of Turner Falls Mass. These turbines can be purchased to utilize steam expansion but can easily be retrofitted with seals to allow for the use of refrigerant expansion such as the fluids described herein.
 Pump 18 can be a commercially available refrigerant pump chosen to convey the fluid designed to be conveyed by the system. The system can include coils to facilitate exposure to mine conditions at the exhaust or within the mine site. These coils can be direct expansion coils and/or evaporator coils.
 Referring next to FIG. 2 a hot water heating system 20 is shown that includes dehumidifiers 22 associated with a conduit 24 and coupled to holding tanks 26. According to example implementations, water within conduit 24 can be provided proximate the exhaust of dehumidifier 22 via conduit 24. According to example implementations, the heat from the exhaust of the dehumidifier can alter the temperature of the water within the conduit, thereby also removing heat from the shower portion of the locker room. This water then can be provided to holding tank 26 and utilized as water to be provided to water heaters 28. This heated water can be mixed with cold intake water 30. According to example implementations, the heat generated by dehumidifiers 22 can be utilized to heat water which can be utilized as the hot water for the showers of the locker room.
 The heated water can be provided to the showerheads via conduit 32. Commercially available holding tanks and conduits as well as dehumidifiers and hot water heaters may be utilized to configure the system. The size and is design dependant primarily on the quantity of water to be heated and/or the size of the shower room to be dehumidified.
 Referring to FIG. 3, and embodiment of coiled system 40 that can be utilized in combination with the systems described is shown. Air of a specific temperature can be provided as intake 42 and exhaust 44. System 40 can be aligned to receive intake 42 across double coiled heat exchange assembly 46 and allow exhaust 44 to exit. Accordingly intake 42 may have a temperature higher than exhaust 44. The assembly can be configured to convey two fluids, both fluids having different expansion characteristics. For example, one fluid may have the expansion characteristics of a refrigerant and the other the expansion characteristics of water.
 According to example implementations, water can be provided in "A" and proximate a refrigerant provided in "B". The water within "A" can be warmed as it is exposed to intake 44. Likewise the refrigerant provided within "B" can be warmed as well. Accordingly, the warmed water may be utilized as for domestic and/or commercial hot water purposes. The warmed refrigerant, now expanded, can be utilized to drive an expansion turbine as shown in FIG. 1A, for example.
 Referring to FIG. 4 a power generation system 50 for utilization near bodies of water is depicted. System 50 can include a continuous loop of conduit 52 having expansion turbine 54 and pump 56 coupled therebetween. In accordance with example implementations, a portion of loop 52 can reside or be in physical contact with water 58 while another portion of loop 52 resides or is in physical contact with earth 60. In accordance with example implementations, fluid as exemplified herein, may be cycled through loop 52 to expand and/or condense as the temperature difference between the water and soil dictate. As an example, where the water is substantially cooler than the soil, the fluid can be provided from the water to the soil where the fluid expands and drives the expansion turbine. Where the water is substantially warmer than the soil, the fluid can be provided from the soil to the water where it expands and drives the expansion turbine.
 While pump 56 is represented between turbine 54 and the portion of loop 52 associated with the water, this is not necessary for all cycling or configuration of system 50. Additional pumps not shown may be utilized in system 50. For example, system 50 can be configured to have multiple pumps and/or a pump in a different location than shown. Implementations of system 50 can include providing pumps between turbine 54 and the portion of loop 52 associated with soil 60, for example. Other implementations can include providing pumps on both side of turbine 54. The direction of pressure differential of the pumps is consistent with the direction of fluid in loop 52. FIG. 4 depicts the direction of fluid in one direction; however the invention cannot be limited to directed fluid in this direction alone. The fluid may be directed in the opposing direction as well.
 In compliance with the statute, embodiments of the invention have been described in language more or less specific as to structural and methodical features. It is to be understood, however, that the entire invention is not limited to the specific features and/or embodiments shown and/or described, since the disclosed embodiments comprise forms of putting the invention into effect. The invention is, therefore, claimed in any of its forms or modifications within the proper scope of the appended claims appropriately interpreted in accordance with the doctrine of equivalents.
Patent applications by Larry Andrews, Spokane, WA US
Patent applications in class INTERMEDIATE FLUENT HEAT EXCHANGE MATERIAL RECEIVING AND DISCHARGING HEAT
Patent applications in all subclasses INTERMEDIATE FLUENT HEAT EXCHANGE MATERIAL RECEIVING AND DISCHARGING HEAT