Patent application title: Paid Search Engine Bid Management
Juan C. Vélez (Guaynabo, PR, US)
Daren Murrer (Hamilton, OH, US)
PAID SEARCH ENGINE TOOLS LLC
IPC8 Class: AG06Q3000FI
Class name: Advertisement fee for advertisement auction
Publication date: 2011-10-27
Patent application number: 20110264539
A method and apparatus (information processing system) for overcoming
deficiencies and inefficiencies in the current paid search engine keyword
bidding market, by providing keyword bidders with information they need
to better optimize their use of paid search engines. The system
accumulates bid amounts for a plurality of target keywords at one or more
paid Internet search engines, and presents the bid amounts to a user,
enabling the user to evaluate and optimize bids on those keywords. The
system also presents bid amounts for a keyword at one or more paid
Internet search engines, in a manner highlighting one or more selected
bid amounts of interest to a potential bidder. This permits a bidder to
identify the bidder's own bid, and/or to identify a differential in bid
amounts that indicates an opportunity for bid optimization. The system
further monitors keyword bids at one or more paid Internet search engines
to identify bid changes of interest to a potential bidder.
1. A method of managing a first advertiser's offer for a keyword made to
a search engine, said offer identifying a monetary amount the first
advertiser will pay upon a use of a hyperlink associated with the first
advertiser when located using the keyword, comprising receiving an
authorization from the first advertiser, after receipt of said
authorization, using the monetary amount a second advertiser is willing
to pay upon a use of a hyperlink associated with the second advertiser
when located using the keyword to identify a reduced amount the first
advertiser will pay for use of a hyperlink associated with the first
advertiser when located using the keyword, and offering said reduced
amount for use of a hyperlink associated with the first advertiser on
behalf of said first advertiser based upon the previously received
authorization and the monetary amount the second advertiser is willing to
pay without further intervention of said first advertiser.
2. The method of claim 1 wherein the reduced amount creates a differential in the monetary amounts of offers meeting certain criteria.
3. The method of claim 2 wherein said criteria identify differentials in the monetary amounts of the first advertiser and second advertiser that are characteristic of optimization opportunities.
4. The method of claim 3 wherein the criteria identify differentials between the monetary amounts larger than a minimum currency amount.
5. The method of claim 2 wherein the criteria identify differentials between the monetary amounts of the reduced amount offered by the first advertiser and offers of other parties.
6. The method of claim 1 wherein the reduced amount is sufficient to maintain a rank position.
7. The method of claim 1 wherein the reduced amount reduces a gap between the first advertiser's offered monetary amount and a lower offer.
8. The method of claim 1 wherein the reduced amount is identified as a result of an increase or decrease in the use of a keyword by searchers of the search engine.
9. The method of claim 1 wherein the reduced amount is identified as a result of a change in an offer of another party.
10. The method of claim 1 wherein the reduced amount is generated in response to offered monetary amounts and other data.
11. A method that manages pay-per-click search advertising, by determining an amount an advertiser will be charged upon a click of a hyperlink associated with the advertiser, wherein two or more advertisers have offered to pay a monetary amount upon the use of a hyperlink associated with the advertiser when that hyperlink is located with the keyword and presented with a hyperlink associated with another advertiser, comprising accessing with a computer processor, particular amounts that the first and second advertisers are willing to pay for a click of a hyperlink, when the hyperlink is located using the keyword, a first particular amount being associated with the first advertiser, and a second particular amount being associated with the second advertiser, accessing with a computer processor, rankings of the first and second advertisers, and without intervention by the first advertiser, with a computer processor, determining an amount, other than the particular amount, to be charged to the first advertiser for a click of a hyperlink associated with the first advertiser, based upon at least the second particular amount, wherein the amount to be charged to the first advertiser is selected to preserve the ranking of the first advertiser relative to the second advertiser.
12. The method of claim 11 wherein the first and second advertisers are adjacently ranked.
13. The method of claim 11 wherein the first advertiser is ranked higher than the second advertiser.
14. The method of claim 11 wherein the amount to be charged to the first advertiser is determined based upon a minimum currency amount and the second particular amount.
15. The method of claim 11 further comprising accessing with a computer processor, statistic information related to the keyword, the first advertiser and/or the second advertiser.
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
 This Application is a Continuation of application Ser. No. 11/379,897 filed on Apr. 24, 2006, which is a continuation of U.S. Ser. No. 10/324, 802 filed Dec. 20, 2002, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,043,450, which is a continuation of PCT Application Serial No. US01/41263 filed Jul. 5, 2001, which is a continuation of U.S. provisional patent application Ser. No. 60/215,976, filed Jul. 5, 2000, all entitled "PAID SEARCH ENGINE BID MANAGEMENT", which are incorporated by reference herein in their entirety.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
 The present invention relates to the management of advertising expenses in online media.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
 Use of the Internet has expanded at a nearly geometric rate in the most recent few years, both in the number of users online and the number of sites and associated content that content providers have made available online. The increases in both categories have enhanced the importance of so-called "portal" sites, such as large Internet access providers and popular Internet search engines. Statistics indicate that an overwhelming majority of traffic to Internet sites passes through such portal sites.
 Until recently, Internet search engines have indexed available Internet sites by a process of search and selection. Professionals employed by the search engine sponsor identify and index Internet sites of potential interest to users. In some cases, this process would be embellished by "spidering" identified sites, i.e., traversing links within the site to accumulate word indexes for all reachable pages at the site. Content providers could participate in this process by submitting links to their site to the search engine, but other than through such submissions, could not influence whether these links would be added to the search engine.
 Recently, a new model for a paid Internet search engine has been introduced, best exemplified by the site GoTo.com. In a paid Internet search engine, content providers submit bids for each one or more keywords they desire to associate with their site. The paid search engine will respond to a user's request for sites with one or more keywords, by producing a list of links to those sites that have submitted bids on those keywords. The order in which links are identified is determined by the bid amounts provided by the sites--the site with the largest (cumulative) bid(s) for the keywords(s) identified by the user, appears first in the list of sites presented to the user, followed by the site with the second largest (cumulative) bid(s) and so on. Content providers are invoiced the bid amount each time a link to the provider's site is used by a user to access that site.
 As paid search engines become increasingly popular, the rate of change of bid amounts at those sites has increased, a consequence of competition for desirable keywords and relative positions in those keywords. To foster competition, paid search engines have provided facilities for bidders to monitor certain statistics, such as a daily count of "hits" on particular keywords, and reports of current bids on a given single keyword. However, paid search engines have not, to date, made such competitive information readily accessible. For example, a bidder can only view current bid positions of one keyword at a time, and has no mechanism for quickly identifying large gaps in bid amounts indicative of an opportunity for bid optimization. For a content provider managing tens or hundreds of keyword bids, the burden of evaluating each keyword individually can be substantial. The apparent reason for this situation is that paid search engines do not wish to incur the lost revenue that would result were the content providers able to fully optimize their bidding strategies, e.g., by quickly determining whether any current bids for keywords of interests can be lowered, without any or any important change in ranking relative to other bidders. A non-optimal bid on any given keyword, meaning any bid with a difference of greater than one cent from the next lower bid, represents consumer surplus captured by the paid search engine, which the search engine sponsor does not wish to relinquish.
 To date, few services have been introduced to aid in bidding on paid search engine keywords. One such service accumulates generic statistics on the bid ranges for particular positions (e.g., 6, 12, etc.) for particular keywords at a paid search engine. This data is useful in selecting keywords on which to bid, but does not provide any assistance in managing bids that have been placed to ensure those bids are optimized and that a desired position has been maintained as competitors change their bids for the selected keywords.
BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
 The present invention provides a method and apparatus (information processing system) for overcoming these deficiencies and inefficiencies in the current paid search engine keyword bidding market. Specifically, the present invention provides keyword bidders with information they need to better optimize their use of paid search engines.
 In accordance with a first aspect, the invention features accumulating bid amounts for a plurality of target keywords at one or more paid Internet search engines, and presenting the bid amounts to a user.
 In specific embodiments of this aspect, bid amounts for either a single paid Internet search engine, or multiple paid Internet search engines, may be accumulated and presented. The bids accumulated may be, e.g., the 20 largest bids for each target keyword. Other information accumulated and/or presented may include a statistic or the rate of use of a target keyword by users of a paid search engine, demographics of users of a target keyword, demographics or commercial information regarding bidders for a target keyword, identification of additional keywords used in conjunction with the target keywords of users of a paid Internet search engine, and identification of additional keywords so bid upon by bidders for a target keyword.
 In accordance with a second aspect, the invention features presenting bid amounts for a keyword at one or more paid Internet search engines, in a manner highlighting one or more selected bid amounts of interest to a potential bidder.
 In specific embodiments of this aspect, the highlighted bid amount is a bid submitted by an identified entity, e.g., the entity to which said bid amounts are presented. Alternatively, or in addition, the highlighted bid amount(s) may be associated with a differential in bid amounts meeting certain criteria. These criteria may include identifying differentials in bid amounts characteristic of an opportunity for bid optimization, such as differentials between bids larger than a minimum currency amount. These criteria may alternatively include identifying differentials between bids of the entity to whom the presentation is made, and bids of other parties.
 In accordance with a third aspect, the present invention features monitoring keyword bids at one or more paid Internet search engines to identify bid changes of interest to a potential bidder.
 In specific embodiments of this aspect, the identified changes are those which create a differential in bid amounts meeting certain criteria. These criteria may include identifying differentials in bid amounts characteristic of bid optimization opportunities, such as differentials between bids larger than a minimum currency amount. These criteria may alternatively include identifying differentials between bids of the entity to whom the presentation is made, and bids of other parties.
 The above and other objects and advantages of the present invention shall be made apparent from the accompanying drawings and the description thereof.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
 FIG. 1 is a flow chart illustrating a process for accumulating account and keyword information from a bidder to be used in keyword bid management;
 FIG. 2 is a flow chart illustrating a process for generation of a keyword report;
 FIG. 3 is a flow chart illustrating a process for keyword bid monitoring for a bidders previously identified keywords of interest; and
 FIG. 4 is an illustration of a keyword bid report.
 The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and, together with a general description of the invention given above, and the detailed description of the embodiments given below, serve to explain the principles of the invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
 The foregoing provides an exemplary description of an implementation of principles of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 1, a process for subscribing a bidder for the use of keyword bid optimization services can be described. It is anticipated that keyword bid optimization services will be provided through an Internet site either affiliated with or separate from a paid search engine or a plurality of paid search engines. Thus, the subscription process begins in step 100 at which a bidder uses a home page of a keyword bid optimization services website and requests to subscribe, e.g., by clicking on a subscribe now hyperlink. In a subsequent step 102, the subscriber provides subscriber information. The subscriber information may be limited to the subscriber's name, address, telephone number and email contact information, or may be more extensive, such as including credit card information, banking information such as bank accounts, that can be used for automatic entry in management of keyword bids as discussed below. Furthermore, a subscribers information may include information on the subscribers business, area of commerce, product line or other information useful in evaluating potential keywords of interest to that bidder.
 A subscriber to the keyword bid optimization service may manage keywords bids for one or a number of Internet domain names to which that subscriber wishes to direct internet traffic from a paid search engine. The new subscriber information provided by the subscriber, therefore, includes the one or several domain names to which the subscriber wishes to direct internet traffic. These domain names are then used by the system to obtain reports of keyword bids and positions for those domain names.
 A final part of the new subscriber information received in step 102 is a user name and password that may be used by the bidder to access the keyword bid optimization service and manage the bidding of keywords through the service. After a subscriber has enrolled, the subscriber may return as seen in step 104 to log into the service and thereby be associated with the previously stored customer information collected in step 102 including the subscribers keywords and domain names as well as other information collected. After a subscriber has completed subscription to the service in step 102, or when a subscriber returns and logs into the service, the subscriber is delivered to a domain directory page in step 106. In the domain directory page, the subscriber is presented with a list of domain names that have been entered by the subscriber. The subscriber can manage keyword bids for each domain name. In the domain directory page, a subscriber selects from among the domains being managed by the subscriber and clicks on that domain name to be delivered to a main menu page of options for managing keyword bids for the selected domain name.
 In the main menu page at step 108, the bidder has a number of options to utilize the keyword bid optimization service. A first option is to use a search word suggestion tool proceeding to step 110 to select and/or identify keywords that are of interest to the bidder. This process proceeds by selecting the search term suggestion tool from the menu page in step 112. At the search term suggestion tool page, the bidder may provide keywords or search terms for keywords which are submitted to a paid search engine to identify the current bids for those keywords, such as for example the twenty highest bids for the keywords. In addition, other summary information on the keywords may be provided, such as the number of times the keyword was searched by customer in a recent period, the bidders position and/or the position of competitors of the bidder who have been identified by the bidder in their subscriber information. Demographic information on individuals who have searched for companies or other information using that keyword. Related keywords, i.e., keywords used in conjunction with the identified keyword. The information that is collected is stored and presented to the bidder in an organized format. One example of such a format is shown in FIG. 4, and is a table of keywords identified by a bidder and provides information on the number of times that keyword has been accessed in the first twenty bids for that keyword in a paid search engine. In step 114, up to 100 keywords may be viewed in a table such as that shown in FIG. 4, or any other number of keywords as is appropriate for a particular application. From a keyword report table such as is shown in FIG. 4, a bidder may undertake a number of actions, including adding keywords, and deleting keywords. All of which are represented by step 114 in FIG. 1. Furthermore, a bidder may select a keyword to submit a bid for. Bidders may select keywords and then proceed through a separate browser window to the paid search engine to submit their bid directly to the paid search engine, or alternatively the keyword bid optimizing server may submit the bids itself. In either case, the step of submitting a bid is representing by step 116 in. FIG. 1. Multiple bids may be submitted, and/or existing bids may be revised to optimize those bids based on current market conditions as reported in the table. Bids may also be monitored after their submission as represented in step 118. For example, a keyword report may be produced after the submission of bid to view the current keyword positions for the bidder and potentially also for competitors of the bidder. The bid of the bidder and/or competitors and/or bids that are separated by a gap suggesting possible optimization may be highlighted in the report of FIG. 4 to facilitate use of that report by the bidder.
 The process described above utilizes a search term suggestion tool to select keywords for bidding. The user may also manually select keywords for bidding in step 119, and similarly proceed to view a keyword bid report, and submit bids in step 116 as described above. Alternatively, in step 120, the user may retrieve previously identified keywords associated with the users account and automatically produce a keyword report on those keywords. Thereafter in step 118, again the keyword report may be analyzed to determine the current bids, positions of those bids and other information of interest.
 Referring to FIG. 2, the process for creating a keyword bid report can be further explained. In a first step 200, keywords or key phrases that are to be analyzed for a bidder are received by the system through one of the various processes described above. Then in step 202, prices and other data for each keyword as explained above are collected. Finally, in step 204, those keywords are and those prices and any other data such as optimization opportunities are presented in a report to the bidder.
 Referring now to FIG. 3, the process of monitoring keyword bids for a bidder can be explained. In a first step 300, prices and other data are collected for each keyword of a bidder that has been previously identified by the bidder. This process may proceed in a manner that minimizes burdens on the keyword search engine, such as by obtaining these items of data overnight while the keywords search engine is not heavily occupied. In a subsequent step 302, the new prices or data obtained in step 300 are compared to previously identified prices and data to identify new opportunities for optimization, changes in keyword bid position, or other monitored data such as an increase or decrease in the use of the keyword by users of the paid search engine. The changes that have been identified in step 302 are then communicated to the bidder. In one example, in step 304 the information collected in step 302 is organized and reported to the bidder in an electronic mail message, which may be simply a report of bid positions and prices for each of the keywords of the bidder, or may have more detailed information up to and including a complete keyword bid report of the format shown in FIG. 4 or of any other format. Alternatively, if authorization has been obtained from the bidder, the keyword bid optimizing service may automatically submit new bids for the bidder to the paid search engine. For example, bid prices may be increased or lowered, as needed to meet the bidders pre-identified requirements. Bids may be increased in order to recapture the bidder position desired by the bidder. Bids may be decreased whenever a gap of greater than the minimum bid difference exists between the bidders bid and the next lower bid. Automatic optimization of bids in this manner permits the bidder to be freed of the burden of resubmitting bids with each new optimization opportunity. It will be noted that the automatic submission of new bids in step 306 and the reporting of changes in step 304 may be combined so that bid changes are made and reported to a bidder with whatever frequency is desired.
 While the present invention has been illustrated by a description of various embodiments and while these embodiments have been described in considerable detail, it is not the intention of the applicants to restrict or in any way limit the scope of the appended claims to such detail. Additional advantages and modifications will readily appear to those skilled in the art. The invention in its broader aspects is therefore not limited to the specific details, representative apparatus and method, and illustrative example shown and described. Accordingly, departures may be made from such details without departing from the spirit or scope of applicant's general inventive concept.