Patent application title: Solar energy integrated building and solar collector system thereof
Daniel D. De Lima (Westover, MD, US)
IPC8 Class: AE04D1318FI
Class name: Stoves and furnaces solar heat collector including means to utilize fluent medium from collector to heat interior of building
Publication date: 2011-09-29
Patent application number: 20110232633
A complete energy and water integrated building in a number of modules
that may be usable together. The prime module is a solar collector-roof
focuses sunlight on inverted strips of fluid-cooled photocells. A second
module uses the heated photocell cooling-fluid as winter heating or to
charge a heat storage device. A third module uses the heat from photocell
cooling to concentrate a liquid desiccant. Water vapor is condensed to
liquid water in this module. The concentrated desiccant is used to dry
air (humidity extraction). External source of water enables the
production of `added` distilled water to increase the reserves of water
within the building's water recycle system. Module 5 is a greenhouse with
controlled insulation. This module is from liquid foam insulation
technology that is in public domain and an invention.
1. A solar collection system comprising: a primary reflector for
reflecting sunlight onto a secondary collector, the primary collector
including a trough with reflective inner walls; a secondary reflector
having a pair downward facing photocells for collecting light from said
primary reflector and converting the light into electricity, each of said
pair of photocells having walls extending outward from said photocells to
concentrate light onto said photocell; said photocells facing at least 90
degrees from each other; a top mounted solar collector for receiving
light from above said pair of photocells' walls; a pair of diametrically
faced bottom solar collectors for collecting light that reflects off of
said primary reflector to below said pair of photocell's walls.
2. The system according to claim 1, wherein said top solar collector is a solar heater transferring solar heat to a circulating cooling fluid.
3. The system according to claim 1, wherein said pair of bottom solar collectors are solar heaters transferring solar heat to a circulating cooling fluid.
4. A method of heating a building comprising: providing a building having an upper surface; providing at least one trough on the upper surface exposed to the atmosphere; forming a primary reflector in said trough for reflecting sunlight onto a secondary collector, wherein the trough includes reflective inner walls; providing a secondary reflector having a pair downward facing photocells for collecting light from said primary reflector and converting the light into electricity, each of said pair of photocells having walls extending outward from said photocells to concentrate light onto said photocell; providing said photocells facing at least 90' degrees from each other; providing a top mounted solar collector for receiving light from above said pair of photocells' walls, wherein said top solar collector is a solar heater transferring solar heat to a circulating cooling fluid; providing a pair of diametrically faced bottom solar collectors for collecting light that reflects off of said primary reflector to below said pair of photocell's walls; moving said cooling fluid to a heat exchanger to release heat from said top mounted solar collector to a desiccant heating pipe; heating the desiccant to release water from the desiccant; capturing the fluid from the desiccant in a tank.
5. The method of heating a building of claim 4, further comprising: a cable attached to said pair of photocell walls to change the direction the opening defined by said walls; moving said walls with said cable to optimally direct said wall opening throughout the year to maximize light received by said pair of photocells;
6. The method of heating a building of claim 4, further comprising: a cable attached to said pair of photocell walls to change the direction the opening defined by said walls; moving said walls with said cable to optimally direct said wall opening to maximize light received from said primary reflector.
7. The method of heating a building of claim 6, further comprising: providing a solar target separate from said photocells to measure the amount of light received by said primary reflector.
8. The method of heating a building of claim 6, further comprising: taking an infrared scan of at least one of the photocells and photocell walls to determine the temperature distribution across the photocell walls; changing the direction of opening of the photocell walls based on said reading to maximize the light received by the photocells from the primary reflector.
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
 This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application 61/296,431, filed Jan. 19, 2010, entitled Solar Energy Integrated Building and System Thereof, which is incorporated herein by reference. This application also claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application 61/285,574, filed Dec. 11, 2009, entitled Concentrated Solar Collector, which is incorporated herein by reference. This application also claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application 61/300,086, filed Feb. 1, 2010, entitled Building Integrated Concentrated Photovoltaic/Thermal Collector, which is incorporated herein by reference.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
 1. Field of the Invention
 The present application relates to a compound solar collector maximizing the amount of sun collected, especially when used with a parabolic reflector aimed at the compound solar collector and a method and system using the solar collector to produce an energy efficient and water self sufficient building.
 2. Description of the Prior Art
 The increase in the cost of fuel has directed more effort into the efficacy of alternative energy sources such as solar panels as wind power as well as others. Technologies such as energy recapture in automobiles that has been readily available for years is now considered vogue. The present invention provides an affordable, modular housing or building unit with solar energy and water capture to provide a more energy efficient building to update housing in a continuation of an optimization trend proven by hybrid automobile energy recapture.
 The present invention according to at least one aspect utilizes improvement in existing technology as well as a practical approach to material selection to achieve a reasonable efficiency while maintaining the lowest costs. Customization of the allocation of resources to different aspects of the invention allows for the invention to work in many geographic areas with different climates, sunshine rates and rain amounts.
 The present invention according to at least one embodiment uses an inverted secondary solar collect suspended over a primary reflective trough to capture concentrated solar energy. Tertiary solar collectors and reflective surfaces may be used to capture or redirect light which would not otherwise be captured by the primary reflector. A desiccant cycle can be connected to the hot water output of the solar system to provide air conditioning and/or water recapture. A building constructed with the system may use external surfaces to capture additional water in climates where water is more scarce. In a preferred embodiment, the overall height of the building is reduced by using a solar roof according to the present invention in place of a standard roof, and by using a track bearing the secondary solar collector to eliminate the need for a lengthy pivot arm to retain the secondary collector.
 None of the above inventions and patents, taken either singly or in combination, is seen to describe the instant invention as claimed.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
 Accordingly, it is a principal object of a preferred embodiment of the invention to provide a solar energy system that is energy efficient while using common, affordable elements.
 It is another object of the invention to provide a solar system that replaces a standard roof and is arranged to minimize the overall height requirements for the system.
 It is a further object of the invention to incorporate the solar system into a hot water system of a building to provide heating and cooling as well as water capture capability.
 Still another object of the invention is to provide a modular building with a solar system and water recapture system to provide a building capable of standing alone without relying on commercial or community water and energy systems.
 It is an object of the invention to provide improved elements and arrangements thereof in an apparatus for the purposes described which is inexpensive, dependable and fully effective in accomplishing its intended purposes.
 These and other objects of the present invention will be readily apparent upon review of the following detailed description of the invention and the accompanying drawings. These objects of the present invention are not exhaustive and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the claimed invention. Further, it must be understood that no one embodiment of the present invention need include all of the aforementioned objects of the present invention. Rather, a given embodiment may include one or none of the aforementioned objects.
 Accordingly, these objects are not to be used to limit the scope of the claims of the present invention.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
 FIG. 1 is solar collection system with a downward facing photocell according to one aspect of the invention.
 FIGS. 2-3 are to an improved solar collection system in accordance with one aspect of the invention.
 FIGS. 4-6 show louver wall configurations according to one aspect of the invention.
 FIGS. 7-9 are to a solar collector according to a further embodiment of the invention.
 FIGS. 10-11 shows a further embodiment of a housing for a solar collector.
 FIGS. 12, 13 and 14A-C show a convex housing for a solar collector.
 FIG. 15 shows an adjustment system for a solar collector.
 FIG. 16 shows a cover material for use with a solar collector housing.
 FIG. 17 shows a building mounted solar collector according to a further embodiment of the invention.
 FIG. 18 shows a cooling system for a solar collector.
 FIGS. 19A & B show a desiccant heating system.
 FIGS. 20 and 21 show a rail mounted solar collector.
 FIGS. 22A-C show a pulley system for adjusting the solar collector.
 FIG. 23 shows a solar collector cooling system.
 FIG. 24 shows a further embodiment of an adjustment system for a solar collector system.
 FIGS. 25 and 26 show a building incorporating several aspects of the solar collection system.
 FIG. 27 shows a desiccant drier connected to the solar collection system.
 FIGS. 28-32 show energy collection from the solar collector.
 FIGS. 33-39 show a movable and rotatable embodiment of the solar collector.
 FIG. 40 shows a rail mounted embodiment of the solar collector according to a further embodiment.
 FIGS. 41-44 show a movable lens system for use with the solar collection system.
 FIGS. 45-46 show buildings incorporating a solar collection system according to a further aspect of t the invention.
 Similar reference characters denote corresponding features consistently throughout the attached drawings.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT(S)
 Solar collectors are gaining importance in our race to go green. One such use is described in co-pending application U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/948,029, filed Nov. 30, 2007, which is incorporated herein by reference.
 In the co-pending application, a parabolic reflector 312 (FIG. 1) in the shape of a three dimensional trough (see FIG. 3) may be used to reflect sunlight onto a central collector 340. However, since the central collector 340 (i.e., a solar collector) itself takes up space, it will create a shadow on the parabolic reflector. Additionally, sunlight coming into the reflector will not bounce straight back up to the reflector but will hit it from a side angle. Therefore, instead of having an opening for the central reflector facing straight down as shown in FIG. 1, it will be advantageous to have a solar collector that has openings facing downwardly, but also faces to the side with additional faces to collect indirect light.
 FIG. 2 shows one such titled collector 310 having two main collectors 314, namely a top collector 316 and bottom collectors 318. Preferably, the two main solar collectors 314 convert the light into electricity, such as by using cooled photovoltaic cells, while the top and bottom solar collectors are solar heaters heating an associate cooling fluid. A top solar collector 316 will not prevent the shadowing on the reflector 312, but the light will be captured in a solar collector, such as a solar cell or solar heater 316 to maximize the overall efficiency of sun capture. Reflectors 326 may be used to help direct the most amount of light to the solar collector 316. A double parabola as shown in FIG. 2 has been found to efficiently direct light on to the solar collector 316 while maintaining a low profile.
 Bottom solar collectors 318 may have side facing openings to catch light reflecting off of the reflector 312 at an acute angle on to a solar heater 336. The faces may be angled or otherwise configured to direct the light to a desired area. In this way the system provides very hot fluids, such as water, in the top and bottom solar heaters and a warm fluid in the solar cell cooling circuit. Both of these temperature fluids may have different uses in summer and winter such as for example in a cooling or heating circuit.
 Side panels 320 and/or bottom panels 322 between the solar collectors may have reflective surfaces to minimally interfere with the amount of light reaching the various collectors. However, it is not necessary to provide these additional reflectors to practice the invention.
 The main collectors are preferably concentrated collectors. In other words, the collectors funnel ("reflect") light onto a finite, smaller area where the concentrated light impacts a solar heater or solar cell.
 A solar heater uses the light collected to heat water or other fluid. A solar cell ("photovoltaic cell") uses the light collected to convert light into electricity. The parabolic reflectors at 314 may funnel in direct light onto solar cell 332 connected to a fluid carrier such as pipe 330. The pipe may then carry the heated fluid for other purposes.
 According to at least one embodiment of the invention, louvers 360 (FIG. 3) may be used in conjunction with the reflectors 314 to concentrate light onto the solar heater 332. The individual louver vanes 342 may be planar as shown in FIG. 4 may be arcuate or curved as shown in FIG. 5. The louvers are angled to direct light coming into to the solar heater. Preferably, the louver blades 342 are angled to spread the light out across as much of the surface area of the solar heater as possible for heating efficiency. As shown in FIG. 3, the main collectors may be divided into individual units 350, 352, etc. Each unit funnels/reflects the received light to a solar heater or solar cell 332. Photovoltaic cells and other solar converters have an optimal operating temperature, typically around 40 C to keep the resistance in the system down to increase efficiencies. The louvers help direct and deflect light by spreading light across the solar heater so that the surface of the solar cell is evenly heated to maintain the solar cell surface within its most efficient operating parameters and to allow efficient cooling.
 The louvers further are preferably cross-over louvers. That is the louvers on the right side of a collector reflect light onto the left side (or across the entire surface) of the solar heater surface area and the louvers on the left side of the collector reflect light onto the right side of the solar heater (or across the entire surface). This prevents the majority of the light shining on the center by spreading the light across the surface. Additionally, the louvers may be designed to spread a larger portion of received light away from the center (e.g., in a reverse-bell curve or to flatten the overall curve) to regulate the maximum temperature on any particular section of the solar heater surface.
 The louvers may also be used to account for changes in the path of the sun across the earth as the seasons change. The louvers may be moved or rotated as a unit throughout the year to adjust as the travel of the sun moves relative to the compound solar reflector. Alternatively, if the trough is in an east to west orientation, the louvers can be used to track the sun across the sky during the individual day, while the trough is tilted throughout the year to correct for seasonal variations of the sun's path. This allows for the light to be spread evenly across the solar cell throughout the year.
 While the louvers shown have parallel axes, other designs could be used. For example, if the main reflectors were conical instead of parabolic, a fan shaped louver could be used as shown in FIG. 6.
Further Embodiments Using Solar Collectors
 According to a further preferred embodiment of the invention, a building may be constructed to take advantage the solar collectors. Such building born collectors may be termed Building Integrated Concentrated Photovoltaic/Thermal ("BICPVT") collectors, which may include a transparent roof within which sunlight is concentrated so that it principally is focused onto fluid cooled photocells (typically multi-junction photocells). A building for use with such a collector is shown below. Because of the construction of the buildings and the troughs as well as the geometry of the primary collector, some of the light will not be collected within the photocells. However, that non-photocell light may be directed to additional thermal collectors. Thus, besides providing shelter, the roof will provide electricity and two sources of heat, namely (1) Heat from the cooling of the photocells, and (2) heat that was focused onto thermal collectors.
 The preferred orientation of the primary collector circular trough in an east-west orientation and modifications to the secondary collector, enable a simpler collector with simpler tracking, while taking advantage of a bigger diameter trough so as to use the concentration ratios capabilities of the photocells (now with state of the art can handle approximately 1000 to 1500 suns). However, north to south orientations could be used without departing from the scope of invention by making adjustments to the orientation and/or rotation of the collector.
 The BICPVT advantageously lends itself to construction using simple materials. The transparent cover (i.e., the roof) of the reflective collector may be of cheap corrugated plastics even though they are less transparent than glass, and the reflective material coating the reflector may be a polished aluminum foil that is less reflective than polymer coated silver. However as more cheap roof area is required to produce the desired light concentration, the compromise is mitigated by the fact that the proposed roof (reflective area without secondary targets) is of comparable cost to that of a standard, non-solar roofing material That is, the additional roof is of little cost difference versus a traditional roof. Further, as the primary collector area (1,500×(1-inefficiency)) for target photocell uses a narrower longer strip so as to enable simpler tracking, the geometry lends itself to another use step, namely the use step in building integration being vertically that of the distance of a floor to roof. In other words, the invention can take the place of one portion of one floor ("story") of a house.
 According to at least one embodiment of the invention, a typical trough for the BICPVT may be 16 feet wide and 8-10 feet tall. The collected light from a section of trough may being longer and thinner than that previous BICPVTs, which were typically about 12'' wide×36''. As a compromise, the current BICPVT is about 4'' wide×84'' long (on each side). This enables more use of non imaging optics (e.g., non-photovoltaic cells) which in turn enable very simple manual tracking of the BICPVT throughout the seasons to optimal position and very low material costs. This design also provides a greater safety factor required for cruder optics (sometimes causing narrower focus onto part of the photocell, and thus reduces the danger of an overload), and thus the safety factor is in that the photocells maximum input capacity is not used, avoiding this contingency. Thus simplicity of operation and construction is gained while compromising the potential to produce more energy per a unit of area of collector. This compromise of area-efficiency for simplicity and lower area costs may be beneficial in smaller deployments such as house roofs and annexes to existing homes is possibly with manual operation, versus commercial large-box store (supermarkets, etc.) where BICPVT is preferably fully automated and where it may make more economic sense to take advantage of economies of scale and construct a BICPVT with more expensive, more efficient materials.
 A table of the components is provided below:
TABLE-US-00001 TABLE 1 REF. DESCRIPTION 1. A preferred arrangement of a photocell and secondary collector (side view) top and bottom; reflects light vertically onto photocells as shown in FIG. 8A 2. A preferred Thermal collector (secondary) and thermal collector tube (side view) as shown in FIG. 8A. 3. A pivot from center of curvature of the primary reflector. At least two pivots interconnected lower down by a beam 21 onto which collectors 1 and 2 are mounted as shown in FIG. 8A. 4. A cooling tube for photocell cooling as shown in FIG. 8B. 5. Multi-junction photocell mounted onto cooling tube as shown in FIG. 8B. 6. A glass lens over photocell that directs light to impact photocell as shown in FIG. 8B. 7. A thermal collector tube (to produce higher temperature cooling fluid) as shown in FIG. 8B. 8. A secondary reflector for thermal tube as shown in FIG. 8B. 9. A glass or other clear or textured cover to protect works, roof, light directing (may have anti- reflecting surface) as shown in FIG. 9B. Note that side 9 (summer orientation) may be larger that winter orientation (if summer needs warrant to be increased to placate summer needs. Same applies for winter. 10. A cover analogous to cover 9, but for winter. 9 & 10 are concave alternates to a convex cover 13. See FIG. 9B. 11. A secondary non-imaging collector 1, may be two (top and bottom) continuous curved sheets between pivoted ends. 11 is a V shaped divider reflector that reflects light laterally so that it impacts each photocell in each divided compartment as shown in FIG. 9C. 12. A primary reflector as shown in FIG. 14B. 13. Convex cover of 12 as shown in FIG. 14C. 14. Detail of cover 12, typical construction as shown in FIG. 12. 15. Detail of cover 12, optional anti reflective surface on cover as shown in FIG. 13. 16. Detail of cover 12 option using corrugated plastic as shown in FIG. 14A. 17. A crank for manual tracking as shown in FIG. 15. 18. A worm gear, shaft, winches on shaft as shown in FIG. 15 19. A pulley and hole into roof collector area through which cable pass as shown in FIG. 15. 20. A system like pulley 19, but on counter weight side as shown in FIG. 15. 21. At least two pivots from which collector array is suspended as shown in FIG. 15. 22. A walkway so as to provide access for easy cleaning of cover as shown in FIG. 11. 23. Typical rays' paths as they enter and impact different collectors as shown in FIG. 11. 24. A collector array as shown in FIG. 15. 25. A counterweight to keep 22 in desired location as shown in FIG. 15. 26. A track for traversing the collector 1, 2 across the primary collector as shown in FIGS. 8A and 15.
DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS FOR INVENTION
 Referring now to FIGS. 7-8B, sections and details of the secondary collector and targets are shown. FIG. 8A shows a section along lines 8A-8A of FIG. 7 wherein the set of secondary collectors are shown on a pivoting track or beam 26 between the two pivoting arms 3, 21 spaced axially apart and suspended from the center of curvature of the primary collector 14. The pivot rotates approximately 23 degrees as it tracks the sun as the sun's path moves south in the winter and north in the summer. The rotation may be automatic, but is preferably manually updated or rotated by the user.
 The primary collector 12 is preferably of a circular section cut with a tilt that depends on latitude. In the BICPVT the trough preferably runs east-west. The overall cover of the collector, including cover sections 10, 9, and 13, slopes towards the south if the BICPVT is located in the northern hemisphere, and to the north, if the BICPVT is in the southern hemisphere. The cover may be made of several flat sheets of transparent material with an angle such that it is concave (FIG. 9B) or convex (FIG. 14C) such that light (for the appropriate time of year) impacting the cover shines through the cover rather than being reflected and is designed to not interfere with rail 26.
 The outer surface of the cover may include an antireflective groove such that light impacting the cover early or late in the day is transmitted into the roof, onto the primary collector, and then onto the secondary collector/focuser, and finally to the photocells or the secondary to thermal collector/tubes.
 Thus as shown in FIG. 11, a ray R1 would enter the roof through the cover, 13 impact the primary collector 14, and be reflected onto the secondary collector 24, and then onto the photocell 5 (FIG. 8B). A ray R2 would also enter the roof through the cover 13, impact the primary collector 14, be reflected onto the secondary collector 24, and then onto the photocell 5 (FIG. 8B).
 A ray R3 would enter the roof through the cover 13, impact the primary collector 14, is reflected onto the secondary collector 24, and then onto the photocell 5. This indicative of the fact that most of the rays that enter the cover impact the photocell. Ray R4 enters the roof through the cover, impacts the primary collector 14 at the outer area, then is reflected onto secondary collector 8 (FIG. 8B), then is reflected onto the thermal collector tube.
 Ray R5, like ray R1, enters the roof through the cover, impacts the primary collector 12 at the outer area, then is reflected onto secondary collector 8, then is reflected onto the thermal collector tube but from below. This shows that a smaller percentage of light that enters the cover at the edges goes towards heating. Ray R6 enters the cover 13 onto a top collector 29, where it reflects off the secondary reflector 30 of the collector 29 and then onto the heat collecting tube. The value of light from the center is recovered as heat by this means.
 Light early or later in the day is weak. Thus if it is overlapped and focused onto the collectors it should not overload the photocells. The early/late time-of-day ray R7 (FIG. 16) impacting the anti-reflective groove, is adsorbed and is conducted into the collector. The mid-day time-of-day rays R8 & R9 (FIG. 16) impacting the anti-reflective groove, and or the flat area and are adsorbed and conducted into the collector.
 Light intended for the photocells passes through the cover, reflects off the primary reflector 14, then impacts the photocell directly or impact one of four surfaces of the secondary collector. Possible configurations of these surfaces are shown in FIG. 13-14C.
 The plastic top sheets may be corrugated perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the BICPVT to help capture light from the morning and late afternoon or other stray light.
 Thus, electricity is produce from sunlight by the photocells, lower temperature heat is collected from the cooling of the photocells, and higher temperature heat is collected from the two lower collector/tubes and the top collector/tube.
 Tracking can be manual as movements of the secondary collector/targets suspension are executed about 40 time per year with small movements of the pivoted array 224, over about 23 degrees each way (going into winter) and (going into summer); Sheet # 5, FIG. 9, 21. A simple crank onto a worm gear/shaft winches 18 (preferably more than one winch). Two or more parallel thin cables 24 from the winches 18, on the pulleys 19, pass into the collector area and shift the collector array laterally (being pivoted about, 21 at both ends). The crank operator looks at an amp-meter, and determines where is just-past-optimum, and stops cranking. A counter weight 23 attached via a pulley 20, assures that the collector array is stable in the desired location. This device may instead be easily automated with a feedback device and a measure of optimum.
 CLEANING: As dust and grime settle onto the surface of the cover, the cover should be cleaned from time to time. Two paths 22 or walkways, one on the top edge and the other at the lower edge of the cover, provide access for cleaning.
 A services integrated building comprising a number of modular components, namely, Solar Energy, Water, and Plants is shown incorporating aspects of the solar collector described above. One aspect of the overall invention is to a completely energy and water integrated building in modules. Many of the modules are integrated as parts of a building shown in FIGS. 17 et seq., but need not all be used together. An overview of the modules according this aspect of the inventions is as follows:
 The prime module is a solar collector-roof that focuses sunlight on inverted strips of fluid-cooled photocells mounted in a number of primary collectors formed as troughs on the roof. Sunlight heats the photocells to produce electricity and a network of cooling fluids maintains the photocells at their optimal temperature. The solar collector photocells provide energy for the other modules as well as electricity for the building's use. The modular roof containing the solar troughs is also a "roof" for the structure directly replacing a normal roof to save materials and to lower the height requirement of the building. The solar system may be placed directly on the roofing beams or where a normal roof would be installed.
 A second module uses the heated photocell cooling-fluid as winter heating, or to charge a heat storage device (not shown) so that the building may be heated when there is no sunlight. A third module (FIGS. 19A&B) uses the heat from photocell cooling to concentrate a liquid desiccant. Water vapor is condensed to liquid water in this module. The concentrated desiccant is used to dry air (humidity extraction). The third module has two dependant subsystems: Concentrated desiccant is used to dry internal air and enable air conditioning in a water evaporator cooler having dry internal air; a closed system, and to dry external air by trickling concentrated desiccant over another part of the roof. This external source of water enables the production of `added` distilled water to increase the reserves of water within the building's water recycle system to form the fourth module. A fifth module is a greenhouse with controlled insulation. This module is from liquid foam insulation technology. Modules 1-3 and 5 complete this application.
 Modules 4, 6, 7 and are engineered components that are dependent on modules 1-3 & 5. Modules 1-8 complete the integration system. Module 4 comprises five parts, namely modules 4a-f: (4f) anaerobically digests sewage, kitchen waste solids, yard-waste, and algae to biogas and reduces BOD. Further, water from anaerobic digester is sent to a sequence of three algae cultivators with slanting translucent condenser roofs. Distillate from (4f) is mixed with untreated grey sewage in storage tank of (4e). (4e) treats gray sewage in a rotating contactor to remove BOD, then to an algae cultivation tank. The roof of (4e) is a slanting transparent cover condenser. Distilled water from (4e) is sent to storage tank (4d). Water from (4d) is micro-filtered, and UV sterilized as redundant processing and sent to a day tank for use. (4c) rain water harvesting from the roof is sent to the storage of (3a), then if in excess to storage of (4e) raw grey water. (5) is a greenhouse condenser with variable insulation and insulation. The dry air impacting the water wetted surface of the plants or passing through the damp growth media evaporates the water and enables evaporative cooling. It has two modes (5a) one that trellis covered so that in summer leaves on an external trickle irrigated vine on the trellis shade the greenhouse in summer but, in winter, the leaves drop so that full sunlight enters, heating and encouraging plant growth. (5b) a greenhouse with dual covers where between a stable foam may be introduced, shading and insulating in summer days or, insulating on winter nights. (5a) is an alternate to (5b), or they may work together; (5a) producing seasonal (summer) shading and winter exposure, the other insulating when in winter the heat loss is greater than the heat gain. (6) An IT/telecommunications module of hardware and software that enable remote security and operations monitoring, distance learning, education and employment, and internal control of prioritized objectives. (7) A biogas compressor with CO2 and humidity stripping, with storage. And (8) an electric/biogas hybrid auto with a liquid fuel alternative (by others). The auto is adapted to be an emergency stand-by generator of electricity and heat for the building.
 One aspect of the invention relates to Modules (1-3, and 5). Certain inventions have inherent techno-economic benefits, derived from multi functionality, such as in building integration. The two or three types of roof in this invention cluster act as in one regard, a roof that is a solar concentrator, and two, a roof that is an external humidity stripping platform. In both cases, the roof may be used also to harvest rain water. The third type of roof is that of a variable shade and insulation greenhouse. This roof enables the direct entry of light during the day and manages the escape of heat. The wetted surfaces of the plants in the greenhouse when fanned with dry air, act as evaporators to produce cooling in summer. In winter the plants are root irrigated and the amount of moisture entering the air is greatly reduced.
 Further, the invention-cluster uses the focused sunlight from one roof, to produce electricity via liquid cooled photocells. The liquid is heated in the process of keeping the photocells cooled, thereby both maintaining photocell efficiency and pre-heating the cooling liquid. If that liquid is further heated by focused sunlight (without photocell), its ultimate temperature is increased. If that hotter liquid is used in a system, because delta T is increased, the component using hot liquid may be reduced in size, thereby reducing investment costs.
 If there is flexibility in how much roof-focused sunlight is used to produce electricity and heat, VS heat alone, scalable systems may be designed that can accommodated different needs ratios, and thus different markets. Thus, in some areas, the desert for example, a ratio of more water and air conditioning is needed and there is need for electricity. In other areas of more cloud and ground water, less water and air conditioning is needed, but the same electricity needs exist. Thus, for the USA and many countries, by increasing the photocell/pre-heat to post heat ratio, Northeastern markets make a best fit, and, by decreasing the photocell/preheat ratio and by taking advantage of more sunlight, Southwestern arid markets may be a best fit. There will be a wider fit, therefore, for more regions of more countries. This enables production and marketing economies of scale, which in turn is an added efficiency factor of the invention.
 Thus, when all of the prime benefit factors are added; and the enabling factors, and the flexibility factors, this invention that provides the prime, and enables all of the factors is of major total benefit.
Description of the Modules
 The description relates to a prime invention and enabled embodiments of the invention. These are described as numbered Modules.
 The solar concentrating roof 110 comprises a parallel array of cut-circular concave troughs 224 (as a scalloped pattern), sloping down and to the south for a building located north of the equator. The troughs would slope down and north for a building located south of the equator. These troughs may be lined with highly reflective film or other reflective surface that reflects and focuses light onto a series of targets, namely fluid cooled photocells in the upper section of the target. The collectors also produce producing electricity, a heated liquid, and photo-thermal targets (without photocells) in the lower section of the target strips. The ratio of the two is adjusted to fit the needs of the building.
 In winter, the photocells are cooler and operate more efficiently and there is a larger ratio of focused defused light. The output fluid temperature is lower, but there is less need for high temperature. The hot cooling fluid is used for space heating and/or use in a two part energy storage system: (A) a higher temperature phase change system at about 7° C., and (B) a warm mass low temperature storage system at about 4° C. The heating system is designed to draw on the heat from the warm mass as a first priority. In winter or summer some heat is used for `hot water` heating.
 Modules (3)-(3a) In Summer, as the concentrated sunlight focused photocells are cooled by circulating liquid, the heat transfer raises the liquids temperature to about 6° C. in the upper target strips, and the subsequent photo-thermal section then raises the cooling fluid's temperature to about 13° C. The electricity is used, stored in batteries, or sold to the grid. The hot cooling liquid is used to energize an air conditioning system by concentrating a desiccant. The fluid exits the desiccant cooling system at about 50 C. The warm fluid is sent to the bottom of a stack to heat/driven a stack effect air drive. The ambient external air pulled by the stack-effect is used to push additional air through the air conditioning condenser-system and through the water condensing system in parallel with the desiccant concentrator. The fluid returns to the photocell a few degrees above ambient. It is then used to cool the photocells and repeat the cycle by a pump. A more comprehensive process is described in further detail in co-pending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/485,264, filed Jun. 16, 2009, entitled Waste Heat Air Conditioner, which is incorporated herein by reference.
 Modules (3)-(3b) In summer though the air conditioner uses some liquid desiccant liquid to dry air internal air for air conditioning, some of the desiccant trickle over an external roof surface where the desiccant absorbs water from external sources. Heating desiccant concentration produces water vapor. This added water vapor from outside of the air conditioned closed system is condensed to water and is used as stored potable water, and to be added to the systems captive water.
 In winter, treated water is used to humidify the air and as heating. This humidity is condensed as distilled water on interior surface of the greenhouse, and the condensate used as primary water. Precipitation, more prevalent in winter, is also collected and stored as raw water, captive within the system.
 Module (4) (Not shown) After each typical use, the water is treated in different recycle systems depending on its contamination. By using the same water over and over within the building, the water needs are placated. A small quantity escapes in air exchange and as sewage sludge. That which is added to the sewage loop and that which escapes from vapor leaks, is more than compensated for by precipitation and by adsorption from external surfaces.
 In greater detail, the roof mounted solar collector system 110 includes on a surface of the reflector a trough shaped primary reflector 114. The troughs are preferably sunk in so that the tops of the troughs are connected together to form the top planar surface of the roof, however this is not necessary in all aspects of the invention. At any one time, a ray of direct sunlight impacts on reflector 110 and is reflected onto the secondary collector 112 which is rotated downward so that the opening in the parabolic reflector faces the bottom of the trough, or may be formed according to any of the embodiments described above. According to a preferred embodiment, the secondary reflector is located one half diameters of curve from the primary collector/reflector 110. The secondary collector is made of a thick sheet of a good thermal conducting material such as copper of aluminum. This is to conduct the heat from the focused light from the photocells to the fluid within the secondary collector. The secondary collector is also directly on an east west axis where the surface of secondary collector is perpendicular to the east-west component of the incoming direct sunlight. The secondary collector may be a set of strip photocells that are fluid cooled as shown in diagrammatic cross-section of FIG. 18. The secondary collector is `roller` mounted on a on a set of tracks 122. The secondary collector is fed cooling fluid through flexible tubes from a header 124. The header is fed through an inlet 126. The cooling fluid passes through/along the secondary collector completely filling the cavity 128 within the secondary collector. After reaching the lower end of the secondary collector, the heated fluid exits by a flexible tube to fluid collector 130. The hot fluid is conveyed to the system within by piping 132. The header 124 is fed from within via piping 132 or appropriate plumbing. A pump circulates the fluid as necessary. These tracks 122 are curved parallel and are located approximately one half diameter from the primary reflector 110, so that the photocells in the secondary collector mounted on the tracks are at or very close to 1/2 D the focus of the reflected incoming sunlight, as they extent slightly at 1/2D to capture scattered sunlight from surface imperfections of 110. As the earth rotates and the sun appears to travel east to west, a cable 134 pulls the secondary collectors west to east. Each day as the sun passes over, the rate of movement and the time of movement is such the secondary collector is directly between the sun and where it impacts the east-west component of being vertical to the surface on the primary reflector 110. The focused rays reflected from the primary reflector 110, sun rays impact the secondary reflector, and the sunlight is converted to electricity by the photocells and to useful heat by the passage of circulating fluid.
 In module 4, the cooling high boiling point stable fluid that was used to cool the photocells (as described further below) and then heated to a more useful temperature goes to two principal heat exchangers 140, (FIGS. 19A&B) where it heats a desiccant. The hot desiccant is concentrated to a desired specific gravity such that it functions as a liquid desiccant without over concentration to the extent that crystallization becomes a problem, or without under concentration where it use to dry air in the air conditioning system.
 As shown in FIG. 27, hot cooling fluid comes from the collector (symbolically shown as 240) in a closed loop 150 and passes through the heat exchanger 151, heating the circulating desiccant 152. The hot fluid after heating the desiccant may be used to heat water for hot water in a different cycle (not shown) or to sterilize water, etc. All the hot water then goes to a large heat exchange of cooling fins at the base of a stack (see FIG. 26). The hot water is cooled by the air as it passes into the stack and out. The air in the stack may be blown through by a fan, but is preferably drawn in the stack by the heating cycle like the draw on a fireplace. The cooling fluid now cooled is circulated again to cool the photocells, then the reflectors, and then to be heated in the thermal collectors at the edge of the reflectors in the secondary collector(s).
 The hot desiccant 152 enters the stripper 153. In the stripper, a vertical torus, the hot fluid passes through a series of baffles 154. Air dry flowing upwards in the baffles remove vapor from exposed the hot desiccant. The combined air and vapor 155 flow to the other side of the torus. This side's skin has cooling fins in a stack. The cool skin condenses the water vapor and cools the air. The drier, cool air passes through the flow liquid/gas separating base. The air re-circulates through the baffles; the water is withdrawn and used in air conditioning or elsewhere.
 The desiccant with less water pools at 157 and flows out of the stripper 153. It re-enters the specific gravity control tank 158. The control tank is located below the pool 157 to enable gravity flow. As the cooling fluid 150 circulates and more and more water is removed, the control tank's specific gravity increases. Reference 159 is an inverted weighted float valve. It is weighted such that it will move upwards opening the valve when the specific gravity in the contained fluid 158 is enough to raise the float. When the valve 159 opens, fluid from tank 158 at a determined specific gravity flow out of tank 158 to tank 160. Tank 160 is a concentrated desiccant storage tank. From 160, concentrated desiccant is used to dry air (not shown) such as for example to condition a living space in a building. In the process of drying air, the desiccant becomes diluted. The diluted desiccant enters at 165 to a dilute desiccant storage tank 164. As the fluid in tank 158 is withdrawn, the normal float valve 162 senses the reduced water level, and introduces dilute desiccant to be concentrated to the desired specific gravity and functionality.
 Or heated fluid from heater 140 is sent to a heat exchange within containment such as that at 126. It that containment where it heats a phase change substance 127 so that heat may be stored, it then goes onto a second heat exchange 128 that is a mass, low-heat storage containment.
 After heat exchanges 119 or 128 and 130, fluid 4f is conducted to a final heat exchange 131 in the base of the stack 132 system. External air passing through various devices that need cooling, is heated in 131 and the hot air causing a stack effect to motivate air, the fluid 4f is cooled to near ambient so that it may effectively cool the photocell upon circulation, and the mass of motivated air better cool other items that also need to be cooled. The stack therefore acts as a large fan.
 In module 5, the track 205 (FIG. 24) need not be perfectly circular. It initially has a circular curved same radius of curvature as the first reflector 114, but in the act of correcting focus's location, small variations in curvature may be deliberately introduced to the track 122. This variation in the vertical dimension is so that should there be variances in the location of the focus of 110; the vertical variances will enable adjustment so that the track follows the actual constructed focus rather than the theoretical. The constructed focus may differ from the theoretical vertically and laterally. In addition, there are turnbuckles on 206 the cable attaching the target the secondary collector 240 to the drive, so that the location of the collector 112 is where it most intersects the focus of the collector system. The adjustments to the track and the rotation system below need only be used for fine adjustments.
 Further, as the pulley mechanism of 214 rotates 214b at one revolution per day around an axis 214c, the radius of the pulley may be increased or decreased may differ causing the line 206 to accelerate or decelerate (FIG. 24) so as to reflect a local need for change in the lateral location of the fine target focus. Thus in the line of receptive targets location passing over the focus of the primary reflector, the targets location may be shifted vertically and laterally so that the target line strait or slightly wobbly is by adjustment where the focus of the primary reflector is, optimizing transference of energy to the target.
 Monitoring for optimization may be done by tracking the energy output of each length of secondary collector as the secondary reflector completes a day's track. And, at the same exercise, a thermal photographic study is made on the edges of the secondary collector. If there are hot edges, one knows that the real focus has crossed the edge or is close to the edge. Then that particular location is adjusted so that the focus is contained under and within secondary collector. Based on the results of the monitor, one will know whether secondary collector is at the correct location at the correct time for any primary reflector. Thus by adjusting the line 206 and 205 using the rotation system 214c, the line of focus can be made to match the line of collection of the target.
 The fine target collector 240 is an alternate to secondary reflector 112, a course target. Whereas the photocells in the secondary collector may span a width of a few inches and the types of photocells in the secondary collector 112 are simple and cheaper, and subject to lower light intensity of about 10 to 30 suns, the photocell strip of the fine secondary collector 240 is in the often order of a fraction of an inch and light intensities are about 200 to 1000 suns. Thus even with the defused light concentrator 241 with a width of -1-4 inches prior to the photocell, fine secondary collector 240 requires a smoother tracking pulley mechanism and a post construction adjustment. Thus, the two lines that are parallel and superimposed can be adjusted. As collector 110 is the roof and is big and fixed, it is for secondary collector 112 or fine secondary collector 240 to be adjusted as shown.
 FIG. 28 shows fine secondary collector 240 the following: the fluid cooled backing 241 for the photocell, the photo cell 242, the fluid cooled reflector 243 rotating the slope of segment of the beam and focusing it onto the photo cell. Thus the wider cut band of light from the primary reflector onto the photocell harvests as much light as possible and as intense as possible onto the photocell. The fluid heating collector 244 at the outer edge of the cooled reflector 243 salvaging the outer band of energy from the bell shaped curve of intensity.
 The pumped ambient temperature cooling fluid is first used to cool the photocells; in so doing it is preheated. It is next used to cool the reflectors where the fluid becomes hotter. It is finally used in fluid heating collector 244 where it salvages the outer band of light and become further heated. The collector of 244 is also a highly reflective surface. It reflects the fringe or scattered light from the primary reflector onto a black light adsorbing tube that conducts fluid all or some that was used to cool the photocells. The light receiving face of fluid heating collector 244 is covered in glass so as to conserve heat. Thus, the fringe light at the edge of the bell shaped curve of production from primary reflector incorporating scatter and defects in the primary reflector, is salvaged and used to further heat cooling fluid 150, converting it to a more useful higher temperature.
 A strong spine 245 is connected by curved ribs 246 onto the fine secondary collector 240. The fine secondary collector 240 is preferably made of pure copper or aluminum and is soft and somewhat pliable. By adjusting the curved ribs with a slight bend or straightened, a small amount of bend may be introduced to the fine secondary collector.
 The energy from the primary reflector at the side of photocell 242 is reflected by the fluid cooled reflector 243 onto the photocell 242. Thus the energy capture of the photocell is the energy 247b (FIG. 31), the sum of the energy 247 plus the energy 248 minus a small percentage adsorbed by reflector supports 248a. The fringe energy that would have been wasted is captured by 244 as energy 249 (FIGS. 29-32).
 Reference 244a in FIG. 28 shows a strip of removable insulation. This insulation is removed when the system is being thermo-photographed. Excess heat at 244 would mean that the focus and the target are miss-aligned.
 The fine secondary collector 240 is mounted on rollers on a track (FIG. 40) similar to the secondary collector 112. In mounting fine secondary collector 240, the focus of the primary reflector should be just behind the photocell's face.
 FIG. 23 shows a post pre-heat photo thermal target. It runs on the same track as the secondary collector of which it is an extension Direct sunlight reflected from 110 is reflected of X1 or impacts X2 a transparent tube. The light from X1 and 110 passes through X2 and is adsorbed on a black non reflective surface of X3. Between X2 and X3 is an air space or vacuum to provide insulation. The intense light adsorbed by X3 heats X3. The heat from X3 is conducted the fluid 4f passing through X3.
 The east-west position of the secondary collector is controlled by the cable 206 to the secondary collector. See FIG. 24. The tracking pulling mechanism connected a shaft 209 wrapped with cable 206 pulls secondary collector 204 so that it is in the right place at the right time. A counter weight wrapped onto a rotating shaft 208 onto the cable 206 pulls secondary collector 204 back to a `rest` or unengaged position when a problem is detected. When a problem is detected, for example; iced track blocking movement of the secondary collector, or no cooling fluid being circulated a tensioning pulley in the tracker, releases, and the pull is disengaged and the counter weight on 206 pulls 2044 back to a rest position or backwards out of sunlight. By pulling the secondary collector out of light, the correction removes the secondary collector from either burning the tracking motor obstructed track or burning the photocells no coolant flow resulting in over heated cells.
 Because of the tracked best orientation of the secondary collector 204, not only is the underside of the secondary collector lined with fluid cooled photocells, but so too is a strip of photocells in a trough at the top. Thus, direct sunlight impacting a reflective layer 213 on the secondary collector, is reflected onto a photocell strip 212. The photocell strips 212 are all backed with a flexible pasty heat conducting layer usually a copper flake paste saturated fabric so that the heat from non-converted light-to-electricity on the photocells may be removed. This photocell backing of paste/fabric wraps a copper lined segmented containment 210 that is full of nonvolatile liquid. In that liquid and in intimate contact with the copper-paste backed photocells but on the inside of the secondary collector circulating in and always full of fluid. The secondary collector is made up of segments 210 through which fluid is passed in a flow from one segment to another, so that each segment is always full of fluid. This fluid passing in the tubes within segment 210. Segment 210c from the segment above flows into 210a, to the bottom of the segment. The fluid flows up within segment 210 as in segment 210d always keeping 210 full as it flows from the lower end up to the higher end and flows into tube 210b. Tube 210b flows to the successor segment. In this manner is heated and transports the accumulated heat away from the photocells 212 to be used for HVAC, water heating, and so on. The fluid cooled in its use is returned via a pump to remove heat from the photocells 212 over and over.
 The segments each have an air vent 210e to allow for minor changes in fluid height, but to assure that there is minimal pressure within each segment. The reason to minimize the pressure or any change in pressure is to assure that the sectional shape of the segments do not change and thus affect the contact with the photocell; enabling reduced cooling. In the event of a storm, the secondary collector may be manually wrapped with strong fabric protecting it from wind driven projectiles. Line 206 may be locked so that the lateral force is not transferred to the drive mechanism. The upper side of the secondary collector is always positioned to collect light. A ray X striking the curved reflective surface Y is reflected and focused onto photocells 212. The reflective surface Y is insulated so that heat in 10 does not escape through the surface Y.
 The tracking device is a simple amplified lever angular constant speed movement VS a line. This contrast of simple rotating levered angular movement enabled by a constant speed clock motor against a straight line, gives the appropriate velocity vs. time of day to the tracker. That is the track surface velocity of the secondary collector at noon is much faster than that at 5 PM. This simple device motorized by an electric clock motor enables such action see FIG. 24.
 A one-revolution-per-day geared clock motor 213 is connected to a lever 214. The small geared motor rotates the levers pulling the counterweighted cable back and forth. This motion when transferred to the secondary collector via cable 206 such that during the sunlight the secondary collector is in the position of the suns focus reflected from the primary collector. Should the fluid circulation stop, the lack of pressure on a sprung diaphragm withdraws the slip cog part of 13 freeing the cable from 13 and the secondary collector is pulled to an out of focus position.
 In summer and winter the fluid pump, triggered by a photocell, operates to cover effective sunlight hours. If there is pressure, the arm moves and pulls a cable. The velocity of the cable is amplified by gearing to replicate position on the track 205 that is congruent with tracking time and distance profile. From the gearing a cable extends upwards and becomes 206 that pulls the secondary collector to the correct position as if tracking. Also in that gear is a slip cog that disengages the traction on the cable so that when there is no fluid pressure, the cable attached to the gearing slips back to out of focus position. The cable 206 attaches to a pulley mounted on track 205 for each the secondary collector independently. From each the secondary collector the cable goes to another independent pulley on the other side of the collector array. Thus with a very simple device the positions are very close to being optimum for each collector.
 FIGS. 25 and 26 show a building, not to scale, representing a typical deployment for the system. The stack at the top of the building is for an air conditioning system. It shows the flow of desiccant on the top of the roof. Concentrated desiccant exits at 214, flows over the roof 215. From the exposure to humid air at night the desiccant extracts water. The diluted desiccant is collected by a guttering 216 which may traverse the whole building or a part of it. If rain falls, the initial flow with desiccant is collected in a surge tank. When this tank is full, the successor fluid is re-routed to a raw water tank. The water with some desiccant from the surge tank not shown is evaporated to concentrate the rain washed desiccant. The bypass of rain after the surge tank is full is sent to the raw water tank to be distilled. A common desiccant is calcium chloride. Should a small quantity enter the raw water it cost would be insignificant. Calcium chloride is non toxic.
 FIGS. 33-36 show a representation of the fine secondary collector 240, with reflector walls 270a and 270b visibility obstructed by edge 244, the solar thermal adsorber at the outer edge of 243, and obstructed by 243, the fluid cooled reflector that focuses light onto a central strip had 270a and 270b not been there. The fine secondary collector 240 is shown in its normal position but without its normal slope towards the south had the collector been located in the north. The lines that manipulate 270a and 270b like louvers are not shown. The face of the fine secondary collector is facing downwards to adsorb light reflected upwards by the primary reflective trough. Line 277 provides compressed air with jets 272 that blow cool 270a and 270b. Cooling fins and form stabilizers 273 are shown on the backs of 270a and 270b.
 Walls 270a and 270b are pivot mounted on axels 74. There are extensions (not shown) to the back of walls 270a and 270b that allow room for the photocell cooling line and backing 241. These arms are connected in pairs 270a and 270b. When pulled in either direction along 240, 270a and 270b move in tandem like louvers, changing the shape of the dominant collector orientation formed by the four sided collector, the two parallel mirror image water cooled reflectors 243, and 270a and 270b. The change of shape is the effect of the movement of 270a and 270b about the axis 274. See especially FIGS. 34 and 37-39. This change in orientation adjusts the collector surfaces collectively called 277 such that light from a lower angle relative to 240, i.e., in winter is focused more directly onto photocell 243 after being collected and focused by the new shape 277.
 FIGS. 37 & 39 show the underside of the collector 240 with 270a and 270b in their original and ending positions. It shows the effect of moving the louver line 276 and how it changes the shape of 277 the light trap of 243 and 270a and 270b. The figures show only the reflectors of 277 and the line that moves them relative to the photocell 242 and its cooling tube with liquid 241. It does not show the compressed air cooling supply line or cooling jets.
 In order to maximize easing of peak demand of midsummer, should the electric system be connected to the grid, The line 277 is shown in FIGS. 34 and 37 in the neutral position wherein the light focusing geometry works best. However, in mid winter in the north the sun's path is about 23 degrees towards the southern horizon. To accommodate this change in the sun's location, and with the wish to capture and focus as much sunlight as possible onto the photocell, the line 277 is pulled, and that pulls the lever ob the back of 270a and 270b so that they rotate to a new position about the axel 274. This new position introduces a bias of non-imaging focus north or south as shown in FIGS. 38 and 39. Thus, with a single axis tracking of 240 and with the ability to seasonally position a bias in 270a and 270b, most of the benefits of two-axis tracking is obtained. This is obtained while keeping 110 fixed, which could be fixed in the form of a roof. Thus the benefits can be integrated into a building, and not only to produce electricity, but also to capture heat for local consumption HVAC and hot water for example.
 As mentioned previously walls 270a and 270b move in a north south direction but the outer edge of which defining a larger rectangle relative to the photo cell rectangular surface 277. On the south edge of walls 277 for collectors deployed in the northern hemisphere of earth, there is a link 282 to a Freneau lens 278,281. (FIGS. 41-44) On the east and western edge of 278 there is a protrusion with a flat head 279 that rides in two slots-tracks 280 on the east and west sided of 277. As 277 is shifted south, it pulls 278 and as 278 is moved south the protrusions On the east and west of 278 ride the track/slot 280. The track 280 is sloped so that as the tilted of 78 slopes more to the south. Thus as the sun `moves` south in winter and set 277 collectors is adjusted to concentrate light with from the south bias, the surface of all of the lenses 278 orient in a slope towards the south to reinforce that southern correction.
 At this stage in winter the light is focused on the photocell but would impact it an angle where some may be reflected from to surface of the cell. To manage that possibility there is a strip of about three-five smaller Freneau lenses 281 that ride north south just over or on the surface of the photocell. These set Freneau lenses each have a increasing degree of light direction correction, from one being about 22 degrees, the next being about 15 degrees, the next being about 7 degrees, and the last being an open space. This set of about the secondary collector lenses are repeated at each photocell. Thus as these photocells are in a line with spaces in between, the strip is accommodated in that space. The movement north south of the strip will present the same degree of correction to all the photocells. This correction will manage the impacting light so that it correctly impacts the surface of the cell at near 90 degrees and little or no light is lost. One skilled in the art would recognize that these systems could be used with the solar collector of FIG. 2 as well.
 FIG. 45 shows a building 410 incorporating several aspects of the invention. Of particular interest, a track 412 that allows the roof line of the building to be lower than embodiments having a pivot arm. If the solar collector 440 is hinged about a pivot point 414, then the roof line 416 would have to be built as least as high as the pivot point. However, by moving the solar collector along an arc approximate the same focal point 414 as the primary reflector 420, then the solar collector 440 can follow the same path line as the pivoted version without requiring the higher roofline. This allows for space 430 underneath the solar roof to be used as living space or commercial space (such as for chicken housing, etc.). A greenhouse 432 may be incorporated as discussed above for incorporation into the HVAC system or for the production of plants. Bedrooms or other living spaces 434 436 may also be provided. A stack 438 may also be incorporated as part of the HVAC system. FIG. 46 shows a similar system with a larger commercial space 442 underneath.
 While this invention has been described as having a preferred design, it is understood that it is capable of further modifications, uses and/or adaptations of the invention following in general the principle of the invention and including such departures from the present disclosure as come within the known or customary practice in the art to which the invention pertains and as maybe applied to the central features hereinbefore set forth, and fall within the scope of the invention and the limits of the appended claims. It is therefore to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the sole embodiment described above, but encompasses any and all embodiments within the scope of the following claims.
Patent applications in class Including means to utilize fluent medium from collector to heat interior of building
Patent applications in all subclasses Including means to utilize fluent medium from collector to heat interior of building