Patent application title: Screw comprising a thread-forming thread, blank for the production of said screw, and screw connection
Olaf Ambros (Biblis, DE)
IPC8 Class: AB32B100FI
Class name: Stock material or miscellaneous articles article of intermediate shape (e.g., blank, parison, preform, etc.)
Publication date: 2011-08-25
Patent application number: 20110206938
The invention relates to a screw 1 comprising a thread-forming thread 2
for the creation of a metric thread, comprising a load-bearing thread
portion 3 and a forming thread portion 4 which is tapered to the tip of
the screw. The flights of the tapered thread portion 4 are sharp-edged
and fully formed.
12. A blank (21) for the production of a screw, comprising a non-tapered shaft region (22) to be provided with a thread, and a tapered shaft region (23) the tapered shaft region (23) comprising first and second subregions (24, 25), the first subregion (24) adjoining the non-tapered region of said shaft (22) and the second subregion (25) adjoining said first subregion (24) and extending to a tip of the blank.
14. The blank according to claim 12, wherein each of said first and second subregions are conical in shape.
15. The blank according to claim 14, wherein a cone angle of said second subregion is larger than a cone angle of said first subregion.
16. The blank according to claim 15, wherein a cone angle of said first subregion is between 7.degree. and 20.degree., and a cone angle of said second subregion is between 10.degree. and 40.degree..
17. The blank according to claim 14, wherein a cone angle of said first subregion is between 7.degree. and 20.degree., and a cone angle of said second subregion is between 10.degree. and 40.degree..
 The invention relates to a screw comprising a thread-forming thread for creating a metric thread, which screw comprises a load-bearing thread portion and a thread-forming thread portion tapering to the screw tip, to a blank for the production of the screw, and to a screw connection comprising said screw.
 The prior thread-forming screws have a screw tip with a continuously decreasing diameter and a cone angle, the thread being incompletely formed in the tapered portion.
 The drawback of this is that in order to prevent the screw from slipping, large axial forces are required to start the screw to form the female thread in the female element.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
 The thread-forming screw of the invention, which, after hawing been driven into the component to be screw-connected, creates a metric thread in the latter, comprises a load-bearing thread portion and a thread-forming thread portion tapering to the screw tip, the flights of the tapered thread portion being continuously formed and sharp-edged. The thread can be fully formed right up to the tip and thus have full profile depth, and the thread crests show no gaps.
 The blank of the invention comprises a shank to be provided with a thread and comprising a shank region tapering to the tip of the shank. Thus, when rolling the thread, a tapered fully formed thread having sharp-edged crests can be worked into the tapered region.
 The screw connection of the invention comprises a self-forming screw and a female element comprising a hole for reception of the self-forming screw. The core hole diameter C in the female element is larger than the thread diameter A at the screw tip and smaller than the thread diameter B in the transition zone between a first sub-portion, which tapers from the metric portion, and a second sub-portion which adjoins the first sub-portion and tapers more steeply than the first sub-portion.
 Additional embodiments of the invention are defined in the subclaims.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
 The screw of the invention is explained below with reference to the drawings, in which:
 FIG. 1 shows the screw of the invention,
 FIG. 2 shows details of the screw shown in FIG. 1,
 FIG. 3 shows a detail of a thread runout at the tip,
 FIG. 4 shows a blank for the production of the screw shown in FIG. 1,
 FIG. 5 shows a screw connection comprising the screw shown in FIG. 1 and a female element.
DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS
 A screw 1 comprising a thread-forming thread 2 is shown in FIG. 1. The thread 2 comprises a cylindrical thread portion 3 comprising a metric thread and a thread portion 4 tapering to the screw tip and having a length Lx as measured from the screw tip. That part of the thread portion 4 of length Ly is inserted into a component, referred to as the female element 5, which is to be screw-connected and which is provided with a hole 6. The thread portion 3 may be provided with non-cylindrical cross-sections, particularly a trilobular cross-section. But in that case, the favorable effect of a stepped cone when starting the screw and forming the female thread is achieved differently.
 The flights of the tapered thread portion 4 are formed with sharp edges and they contribute to the formation of the female thread as soon as they engage in the female element 5.
 The pitch of the thread in the tapered thread portion 4 equal to that of the metric thread portion 3 but its diameter decreases continuously from the nominal thread diameter DN to a final diameter A.
 The sharp-edged and fully formed thread makes it easier to start the screw 1 in the female element 5 and commence forming of the engaged female flight than when the thread crest is blunted.
 A thread runout, which is shown in FIG. 3 and which extends over not more than one flight can be provided at the screw tip pointing to the female element 5, the flight of said thread runout being at least partly blunted, for example by forming the flight incompletely.
 The ratio of the length Lx of the tapered thread portion 4 to the nominal thread diameter DN is from 0.6 to 1. This results in a ratio of the length Lx to the pitch of from 4 to 5, preferably 4 2/3.
 The tapered thread portion A can be provided with a first sub-portion 4.1, which tapers from the straight thread portion 3, and a second sub-portion 4.2, which tapers more steeply from the first sub-portion 4.1 to the screw tip. This results in a transition zone at a distance Ly from the screw tip, the diameter B in this transition zone having a value between that of the tip diameter A and that of the nominal thread diameter DN.
 The second sub-portion 4.2 can extend over a length Ly that is from 0.4 to 0.5 times the total length Lx of the tapered thread portion 4. A length Ly equal to twice the pitch p, i.e. two complete flights, is particularly suitable.
 A thread diameter A ranging from 0.6 to 0.8 times the nominal thread diameter DN of the straight thread portion 3 can be present at the end of the second sub-portion 4.2 and thus at the screw tip.
 The thread diameter B in the transition zone between the first and second sub-portions 4.1, 4.2 can range from 1.2 to 1.5 times the diameter A at the screw tip, but the value of diameter B is always between the values of the tip diameter A and the nominal thread diameter DN.
 The thread diameter B in the transition zone between the first and second sub-portions 4.1, 4.2 is larger than the diameter C of a core hole 6 which is provided in a female element 5 and in which a metric thread is to be formed as the female thread. The diameter C of the core hole is in a cylindrical part of the core hole 6.
 The diameter C of the core hole is approximately equal to the flank diameter of the thread to be created.
 The first sub-portion 4.1 is tapered at an angle alpha ranging from 5 to 10 degrees, and particularly 7.5 degrees, to the screw axis, and the second sub-portion is tapered at an angle beta of from 10 to 20 degrees, and particularly 15 degrees, to the screw axis.
 Since only three to four flights are provided for forming the female thread, a taper formed by two cone angles is usually sufficient.
 In the tapered thread portion 4, the thread of the screw can have a core diameter K which decreases continuously in relation to the basic core diameter KN of the cylindrical portion and which provides a taper equal, in particular, to the taper of the thread diameter. This results in a constant thread depth even in the case of a continuously decreasing core diameter.
 The screw shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 may have been produced from a blank 21 shown in FIG. 4 by rolling. The blank 21 comprises a shank 22, which is to be provided with a thread and which comprises a shank region 23 tapering to the tip of the shank. This tapered shank region 23 can be divided into first and second subregions 24, 25, respectively. The first subregion 24 adjoins the non-tapered region of the shank 22 and the second subregion 25 adjoins the first subregion 24 and extends to the tip of the blank. Both subregions 24, 25 are formed conically, and the cone angle of the region extending to the tip of the blank is larger. Angles ranging from 7° to 20° for the first subregion 24 and from 10° to 40° for the second subregion 25 are suitable cone angles.
 The screw connection 31 shown in FIG. 5 comprises the thread-forming screw 1 and a female element 5 as shown in FIG. 1 and comprising a hole 6 for reception of the screw. The core hole diameter C of the hole 6 in the female element 5 is larger than the diameter A of the screw tip, but smaller than the thread diameter B in the transition zone of a first sub-portion 4.1 tapering from the metric portion 3 and a second sub-portion 4.2, which adjoins the first sub-portion 4.1 and tapers more steeply than the first subregion 4.1 to the screw tip.
 The screw 1 of the invention makes it possible to effect a rapid nonpositive engagement of the screw in the female element 5. Immediately after engagement of the thread, the axial forces arising during further tightening of the screw are substantially absorbed by the threaded part already formed in the female element 5 such that the screw-driving element need only produce radial forces for further formation of the thread and for subsequent screwing of the straight thread portion.
 The advantage of a screw connection comprising a self-formed cylindrical thread over trilobular screws is that the thread is impermeable to gases and liquids, at least at low pressure differences.
Patent applications by Olaf Ambros, Biblis DE
Patent applications in class ARTICLE OF INTERMEDIATE SHAPE (E.G., BLANK, PARISON, PREFORM, ETC.)
Patent applications in all subclasses ARTICLE OF INTERMEDIATE SHAPE (E.G., BLANK, PARISON, PREFORM, ETC.)