Patent application title: Smart transmitter and receiver for interactive sports
Wilbert Quinc Murdock (Bronx, NY, US)
Wilbert Quinc Murdock (Bronx, NY, US)
Philip Alister Williams (Salt Point, NY, US)
Philip Alister Williams (Salt Point, NY, US)
IPC8 Class: AA63B5700FI
Class name: Games using tangible projectile golf method
Publication date: 2011-06-02
Patent application number: 20110130223
A system that wirelessly integrates actual golf equipment with a computer
and the internet to allow players remotely located from one another to
play a competitive simulated game of golf. An individual player may opt
to play solo or practice to improve basic golfing techniques. The system
includes smart golf clubs, a golf ball receptacle and a golf club motion
sensing device, all containing circuits with contact sensors and or
motion sensors coupled with signal processing and radio frequency
transmitter circuitry, to thereby wirelessly communicate game status and
performance parameters to a remote receiver-computer. The computer
displays player information and visually simulates and controls a golf
game between two players, via the internet, having similar equipment and
remotely located from each other. Standard golf clubs may be retrofitted
with the sensors and associated circuitry to convert such clubs into
"smart clubs" for use with the system. The system employs specially
developed computer software to process player performance data, control
game play, communicate game information between players, generate and
control real-time audio, video, visual simulations and display player
1. A method of conducting an interactive computer sport, including: (a)
placing in communication computers at least to different sites; (b)
detecting at a first of its sites a game event as signaled by the use of
actual sports gear; (c) communicating the game event to the computer at a
second of the sites, and (d) displaying a simulation of the event at the
computers of both sites.
2. The method of conducting interactive computer sport according to claim 1, further comprising sensing an occurrence indicator of the event at the first site, and communicating the occurrence to the computer at the first site by a communications circuit associated with the sports gear.
3. The method of conducting an interactive sport according to claim 2, wherein the step of sensing an occurrence comprises sensing with a sensor at least one golf ball impact by a golf club, a golf club swing, and a golf ball entering a receptacle.
4. The method of conducting interactive sport according to claim 2, wherein the step of sensing an occurrence comprises sensing with a sensor the impact of a sport implement and ball.
5. The method of conducting an interactive computer sport according to claim 2, further including the step of communicating the event via wireless electromagnetic signal to the computer at the first of the sites.
6. The method of conducting an interactive computer sport according to claim 1, further comprising selecting a player from a queue of waiting players in response to a first player indicating a readiness to play.
7. A method for responding to a predefined event occurring within a gaming environment, by automatically transmitting an alert or message to a person outside the gaming environment, comprising the steps of: detecting that the predefined event has occurred within the gaming environment, wherein: the gaming environment provides a secure and limited access such that players only gain access to the gaming environment through a secure gateway, wherein: the secure gateway is inaccessible by any person communicating over a network that is outside of the gaming environment; and the network is inaccessible from within the gaming environment by players participating in the gaming environment; and in response to the predefined event occurring within the gaming environment, transmitting an alert or message to the person over the network, wherein the alert or message provides information related to the predefined event.
8. The method of claim 7, further comprising the step of transferring at least an indicia of the information to be provided in the message to an alerts service that communicates outside the gaming environment, said alerts service then transmitting the alert or message with the information to the person over the network.
9. The method of claim 7, wherein the step of transmitting the alert or message comprises transmitting an email to the person over the network, said email including the information.
10. The method of claim 7, wherein the step of transmitting the alert or message comprises transmitting the alert or message through the network to a communication system that transmits the alert or message to a portable communication device of the person, said message including the information.
11. The method of claim 7, wherein the step of transmitting the alert or message comprises transmitting a pop-up notification to the person over the network, said pop-up notification including the information displayed to the person.
12. The method of claim 7, wherein the predefined event is detected when a player gains access to the gaming environment, said information identifying the player and being transmitted to at least one person who is on a list of the player.
13. The method of claim 12, wherein the alert or message comprises an invitation to said at least one person to access the gaming environment and participate in playing a game therein with the player.
14. The method of claim 7, wherein the information included in the alert or message relates to billing a player for services rendered in the gaming environment.
15. The method of claim 7, wherein the information included in the alert or message refers to a change in gaming content within the gaming environment.
16. The method of claim 7, wherein the information included in the alert or message is a reminder to a player to play a previously scheduled game within the gaming environment.
17. The method of claim 7, further comprising the step of enabling a person to select at least one form in which alerts or messages will be transmitted in response to the predefined event, said at least one form being selectable from among a plurality of different forms.
18. The method of claim 17, wherein the plurality of forms include an email, a pop-up display, and a message perceived on a portable communication device that is coupled to a communication system.
19. The method of claim 18, wherein the portable communication device comprises a cellular telephone and the communication system comprises a cellular communication system.
20. The method of claim 7, further comprising the step of mapping an identifier for the person on the gaming environment to a corresponding identifier of the person that is used on the network, so that the alert or message will be sent to the person by the alerts service, outside the gaming environment.
21. A memory medium on which are stored machine instructions for carrying out the steps of claim 7.
22. A system that responds to a predefined event occurring within a gaming environment, by automatically transmitting an alert or message to a person outside the gaming environment, comprising: a game server that includes a processor and a memory storing a plurality of machine instructions, said game server being included within a gaming service that establishes the gaming environment and further including a communication interface that couples the game server to a network; and wherein said processor executes the machine instructions stored in the memory, causing the processor to carry out a plurality of functions, including: detecting when a predefined event occurs within the gaming environment, wherein: the gaming environment provides a secure and limited access such that players only gain access to the gaming environment through a secure gateway wherein: the secure gateway is inaccessible by any person communicating over a network that is outside of the gaming environment; and the network is inaccessible from within the gaming environment by players participating in the gaming environment; and in response to detecting the predefined event, initiating transmission of an alert or message to a person outside the gaming environment over the network.
23. The system of claim 22, further comprising an alerts service having a server that includes a communication interface, a memory, and a processor coupled to the communication interface and the memory of the alert server, wherein said processor of the alert server executes the machine instructions stored in the memory of the alert server to carry out a further plurality of functions, including receiving at least an indicia of information to be included in the alert or message transmitted from the game server and in response, transmitting the alert or message to a person outside the gaming environment, over the network.
24. The system of claim 23, wherein the alert or message is transmitted over the network as an email.
25. The system of claim 23, wherein the alert or message is transmitted over the network to a communication system that retransmits the alert or message to a portable communication device.
26. The system of claim 23, wherein the alert or message is transmitted over the network as a pop-up notification for display to a recipient.
27. The system of claim 23, wherein the machine instructions stored in the memory of the game server further cause the processor of the game server to map an identifier of the person within the gaming environment to a corresponding identifier of the person that is used to identify the person on the network, so that the alert of message will be sent to the person by the alert server, outside the gaming environment.
28. The system of claim 22, wherein execution of the machine instructions causes the game server to detect that the predefined event has occurred when a player gains access to the gaming environment, and wherein execution of the machine instructions causes the processor to initiate transmittal of information identifying the player to at least one person who is on a list of the player, wherein said list is stored in the memory.
29. The system of claim 28, wherein the alert or message comprises an invitation to said at least one person to access the gaming environment and participate in playing a game thereon with the player.
30. The system of claim 22, wherein the information included in the alert or message relates to billing a player for services rendered in the gaming environment.
31. The system of claim 22, wherein the information included in the alert or message refers to a change in a gaming content within the gaming environment.
32. The system of claim 22, wherein the information included in the alert or message is a reminder to a player to play a previously scheduled game within the gaming environment.
33. The system of claim 22, wherein execution of the machine instructions further causes the processor to enable a person to select at least one form in which alerts or messages will be transmitted in response to the predefined event, said at least one form being selectable from among a plurality of different forms.
34. The system of claim 33, wherein the plurality of forms include an email, a pop-up that is displayable, and a message perceivable on a portable communication device that is coupled to a communication system.
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION
 Priority is claimed from U.S. Provisional Ser. No. 60/13,722, filed May 12, 1999 for all subject matter common hereto. That provisional application is incorporated by reference herein. This is a divisional application and the parent application for this divisional application is, Ser. No. 09/570,233.
REFERENCE TO MICROFICHE APPENDIX
 A microfiche appendix including 1 microfiche with 27 frames accompanies and forms a part of this application.
FIELD OF INVENTION
 This invention relates to a real-time sports interactive system coupling real sports equipment and a computer. More particularly, this invention relates to a system wherein a sports implement communicates wirelessly to a computer and thereby, if desired, to the internet.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
 A number of patented sports devices embody various ball contact or club swing sensing components. Typically, these devices display information related to a player's swing and accuracy in hitting an object such as a golf ball. In certain of these, the information is displayed or signaled by some of the golf club itself in the form of a small visual readout or an audible sound. One such device contains an array of mechanically depressible pins on the face of the golf club. When the ball is struck by the club, the pins are physically depressed in a pattern to inform the player of the location on the club face where contact with the ball occurred. Another device uses a light emission and reflection detection technique to provide a player's information, displayed on the club, regarding the alignment of the golf ball with the preferred location on the golf club face.
 Also, numerous conventional computer golf game software packages and video games use a variety of unrealistic techniques to emulate the striking of a golf ball with a club. None of these cooperates with actual golf clubs, actual golf ball target or cup receptacles, or a swing detector that senses the actual golf stroke.
 It is desirable to remotely communicate actual player performance location, whereby more sophisticated analysis and prediction possibilities are realizable via computer technology and state-of-the-art display techniques. Further, it is also desirable to use such performance information in an expanded capacity to provide interactive competitive play among numerous players in locations remote from each other.
SUMMARY OF INVENTION
 This invention relates to a system that interconnects real golf or other sports equipment to a computer. In a preferred embodiment the computer is coupled wirelessly to a golf club, a receptacle or a swing sensing component. Further, the invention, with components summarized below, allows one or more golfers to enter into a competition against each other. Each player asks the computer who is available to play a contest. Once a players pairs up against another player anywhere in the world and play ensues, the computer and display show each participant's score via animation or graphics that preferably relate to a player's individual performance statistics. A single player may play without an opponent to practice and improve basic sports or golfing skills using the computer and display to track performance.
 The system application is unlimited. Much of this system can be used not only for golfing competition on the Internet, but for other sports as well. Sports implements other than golf clubs, swing detectors and receptacles can be outfitted with sensors according to this invention and used for training purposes, rehab, or for interactive internet competition.
 The technology can be used for training, competition, and the improvement of player reflexes and coordination. With little or no modification, the technology also has applications in medicine, particularly physical therapy.
1. Smart Golf Club
 A wireless golf club is constructed to contain or alternatively, a standard golf club is modified to contain, a multiple sensor or transducer array located on the club head at the face or hitting surface. Upon impact of the head of the club with a golf ball, the impacted sensors produce detectable variances representing the magnitude and duration of the club-ball impact force and the proximate location of such contact relative to the preferred location, the "sweet spot", on the face of the club head. The variances are electronically processed into digitally coded information and remotely transmitted by an electrical communication circuit either contained within or attached to the golf club.
 In each golf club device and golf ball receptacle device according to this invention, in a preferred embodiment the transducers are or include piezoactive elements and or pressure sensors. As used herein, "piezoactive" includes piezoelectric and piezoresistive components. Piezoactive components are defined as components the electrical properties of which, when the component is subjected to physical force, vary.
 The smart golf club system uses biofeedback to create an intelligent golf training and entertainment system. The smart golf club system is a diagnostic and analysis tool used to improve a player's skills by relatively instantaneous visual cues and acoustic feedback with little or no human intervention. The smart golf club system takes the generated data and reconstructs it into a useful visual format that can be presented in a variety of ways including 3-dimensional animation.
 The smart golf club system integrated circuit or circuits can be located anywhere within the club including the head and or shaft.
 The smart golf club has a means via its built in microcontroller to process, analyze, store, hitting pattern data and transmit it to the computer and or the Internet for further analysis. In playback mode the smart golf club system memorizes how many times each sensor was hit. This provides the golfer information about his or her hitting pattern. Using a computer algorithm, we can analyze and calculate a hitting pattern and having a personalized sports hitting detection system for each athlete.
2. Golf Ball Receptacle
 A ball receptacle has an open end to receive a golf ball and contains a transducer located so as to sense the ball entering receptacle. Upon impact with the golf ball, the sensor produces a detectable variance representing impact with the ball. The variance is electronically processed into display coded information and remotely transmitted by an electrical communication circuit. In one preferred embodiment the communication circuit is contained within the receptacle. Preferably the communicate circuit for the receptacle is a radio frequency transmitter. The receptacle can either be designed for indoor use or can be a cup in an actual green with the communication circuit housed in the cup or elsewhere.
 In each of the golf club device and golf ball receptacle device according to this invention, in a preferred embodiment the transducers are or include piezoactive elements. As used herein, "piezoactive" includes piezoelectric and piezoresistive components. Piezoactive components are defined as components the electrical properties of which, when the component is subjected to physical force, vary.
3. Golf Club Motion Sensor Plate
 A golf club swing motion sensing device contains an array of uniformly distributed sensing transducers upon or proximate to the device surface. This motion sensing device may be formed as a mat or a plate or other substantially flat surface from which a golf ball is hit. The transducers produce detectable varying characteristics such as capacitance representing the velocity, angle, and proximity of a golf club relative to the surface of the device. The variances are electronically processed into digitally coded information and remotely transmitted by an electrical communication circuit contained within or electronically connected to the device.
4. Wireless Signal Receiver and Computer
 At each remote player site, wireless radio frequency equipment receives the digitally coded transmitted signals from the golf club, the golf ball receptacle, and the club swing motion sensing device. The signals are demodulated and processed into serial binary data suitable for communications to the computer via either serial or parallel ports. As the game progresses, the computer under the control of the golfing software, monitors and directs the flow of communications between the players via the internet and displays the game simulations and performance information.
5. Computer Golfing Software System
 At each remote player site, a computer under the control of the golfing software, monitors and controls the sequential play of the game and interacts with the player at the site and also competing players at the other remote sites via the internet. The software system generates the game simulations for display and tracks each player's performance as the game progresses.
 The above and further features and advantages of the invention will be better understood with reference to the accompanying drawings and the following detailed description of preferred embodiment.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
 FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic illustration of components of a computer implemented golf system according to this invention.
 FIG. 2 is a top plan view of a golf club with sensors and circuitry and used in the computer implemented system of FIG. 1.
 FIG. 3 is front elevation view of the golf club head of FIG. 2, and shows three sensors located at the face of the club head.
 FIG. 3A is a front plan view of a further embodiment of a club head for use with the computer implemented golf system of FIG. 1.
 FIG. 4 is a diagrammatic front plan view of a putter with a club head and circuitry forming a further, alternative embodiment of a club for use with the computer implemented system of FIG. 1.
 FIG. 5 is a schematic block diagram of a club head electronics installation for use with the club heads of FIGS. 2-4.
 FIG. 6A is a front elevation view of a golf ball receptacle for use with the system of FIG. 1.
 FIG. 6B is a cross-sectional view along the lines B-B of FIG. 6A.
 FIG. 6C is a fragmentary top plan view of the receptacle of FIGS. 6A and 6B illustrating internal components of the receptacle.
 FIG. 7 is a top plan view of a golf ball sensing element with three distinct activation areas for use in the receptacle of FIGS. 6A-6C.
 FIG. 8 is a schematic block diagram of a receptacle electronics installation for communicating with the computer in a computer implemented system according to FIG. 1.
 FIGS. 9A-9D are diagrammatic illustrations of a golf club motion or swing sensor plate for use with the system according to FIG. 1.
 FIG. 9E is a block diagram of electronics used in association with the swing sensors plate of FIGS. 9A-9D.
 FIG. 10 is a block diagram of a computer installation for use as the computer and information receiving interconnect of the system of FIG. 1.
 FIG. 11 is a functional block diagram of the software operation of the computer of FIG. 10.
 FIG. 12 is a flowchart illustrative of a portion of the operation of the computer of FIG. 10 operating as indicated in the block diagram of FIG. 11.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
 As shown in FIG. 1, a preferred embodiment of the invention includes a wireless smart golf club 20, a wireless golf ball receptacle 22, a wireless golf club motion sensing plate 24, a wireless receiver 26 connected to a computer 28, and a display or monitor 30 with speakers 31 operated under the control of golf system software 32, and connected via the internet to an internet golf game server 34 (called herein the GGC server)
1. Smart Golf Club
 The smart golf club 20 has a head 40 and a shaft 42. As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, the head 40 has a shaft opening 42, a plurality of embedded contact sensors 46 (three are illustrated in the preferred embodiment), and the internal electronics circuitry 48 including a wireless radio frequency transmitter (58 in FIG. 5). As shown, at least one of the sensors 46 is located at or proximate to the optimal location on a club face 47 for contact with the golf ball, the "sweet spot" 49. The remaining two sensors are adjacent and on either side of the sweet spot 49. The contact sensors may be, but are not limited to sensors employing piezoactive type transducers, specifically, either piezo-electric or piezo-resistive transducers (similar, but is not limited to the Cooper Instruments LPM 562).
 In an alternative embodiment, FIG. 3A, three sensors 46 are applied to the face of an adapted club by a Mylar tape or other means 49. Again, the electronic circuitry is internal to the club head 40 and connects to the sensors 46 by leads 27.
 In a second alternative embodiment, to retrofit a standard golf club, contact sensors 46 are part of an adapter 40 attached to an ordinary club head as seen in FIG. 4 and wire connected to an electronic circuitry 48 attached to the club shaft 42 or elsewhere on the club.
 A golf ball contacting any sensor 46 produces a detectable variance indication the magnitude and duration of sensor-ball impact. The variance may be a change in resistance of a piezo-resistive transducer or a voltage change in the case of a piezo-electric transducer. As shown in FIG. 5, the variance is detected and amplified by an associated amplifier 52 and is the input to an associated integration circuit 54, the output of which represents the energy of the ball-club contact event. Connected to the integration circuit 54, a microprocessor 56 is a multi-input signal processing circuit (similar, but not limited to a Motorola #68HCO5) having analog to digital signal converting circuits (ADCs), one for each input channel, and a sequential digital signal encoding circuit connected so as to convert the ADC outputs into a time multiplexed serial digital data stream containing a binary-coded word for each channel indicating the energy of the associated sensor-ball impact event.
 A radio frequency transmitting circuit 58 receives the serial digital data from the microprocessor 56 and wirelessly transmits the information via an internal antenna 60 to a receiver 26 (FIG. 1) for subsequent processing by the computer 28.
2. Golf Ball Receptacle
 The golf ball receptacle 22 has a top 62 shaped to allow entry of a golf ball, as shown in FIGS. 6A, 6B, and 6C. The receptacle has a contact sensor pad 64, shown in FIG. 7, containing at least one contact sensor (three different activation areas 65, 66, and 67 are illustrated in the preferred embodiment), a ball return mechanism 69 (FIG. 6B) and internal electronic circuitry 68 (FIG. 6B). The internal circuitry includes a wireless radio frequency transmitter (not separately shown in FIGS. 6A, B and C). As shown, the preferred embodiment has contact sensor pad 64 positioned within the receptacle 60 such that the center activation area 66 aligns with the center of a ball entry 70. Additional sensor activation area 65 and 67 are adjacent, one on either side of the center area 66. In the preferred embodiment, of FIGS. 6A, 6B, and 6C, and like the sensor used at the face of the club, the sensors may be, but are not limited to, sensors employing piezo-active type transducers, specifically, either piezo-electric or piezo-transducers.
 A golf ball entering the receptacle 60 and containing the sensor pad 65, 66 or 67 produces a detectable variance indicating the ball entry event. The variance may be a change in resistance in the case of a piezo-resistive transducer (similar, but not limited to Cooper Instruments LPM 562) or a voltage change in the case of a piezo-electric transducer. As illustrated in FIG. 8, the variance is detected and amplified by an associated amplifier 71. The amplified signal then is input to a microprocessor 72 having an analog to digital signal converting circuit (ADC) and a digital signal encoding circuit connected so as to convert the ADC output representing the sensors signals into a serial digital data stream containing a binary coded word indicating the sensor-ball contact event. The microprocessor 72 may be the same or similar to the microprocessor 56 of the golf club electronics. A radio frequency transmitter circuit 74 receives the serial digital data from the microprocessor 72 and wirelessly transmit' the information via an internal antenna 76 to the receiver 26 (FIG. 1) for subsequent processing by the computer 28.
 The ball return mechanism 68 can be simple as a back plate 80 located to be engaged by a golf ball entering the receptacle 22 and supported and biased by a spring or springs 82 to eject the ball. Other known ejection devices, similar to those used in pin ball machines and either mechanically or even electrically activated, can be used to improve the effect if desired.
 The receptacle configuration is susceptible to much variation. The receptacle illustrated and described above is well suited to indoor use, on carpet for example. It is clear, however, that an actual cup, installed in an actual green, with real or synthetic grass, can be similarly equipped.
3. Golf Club Motion Sensor Plate
 The golf club motion sensor plate 80 having a top motion plate 82 and a bottom motion plate 84 is diagrammatically shown in FIGS. 9A-D, wherein the top motion plate 82 contains a plurality of capacitor-forming electrically isolated platelets 83 (twelve platelets are illustrated in this exemplary preferred embodiment). They are evenly distributed at or just below the top plate's exterior upper surface 82. The bottom plate 84 has a homogenous electrically conductive interior surface 85 underlying the platelets 83. Each capacitive platelet 83 contained in the top motion plate 82 forms a capacitive component when the top and bottom motion plates are vertically closely spaced to form the golf club motion sensor plate. A suitable insulator may be sandwiched between the two plates. The structure is adhesively or otherwise mechanically joined and it may be covered or coated as desired. The result is a golf club motion sensor plate 80 containing a capacitor matrix (a 3×4 capacitor matrix is illustrated in the preferred embodiment0. The capacitive components 83 are connected to form a capacitive network 88 as is indicated in FIG. 9E.
 Applying an energizing high frequency alternating electrical signal having a frequency in the range from 100 MHz to 200 MHz from an oscillator 87 to the golf club motion plate capacitive network 88 produces an electromagnetic field above the surface of each platelet 83 of the capacitive components of the motion sensor plate 80. Any object, including a golf club, passing near the surface of the energized motion plate will cause a perturbation of the electromagnetic field as illustrated by the sample possible pathways 90 across the plate in FIG. 9C. A network 92 of electrical comparator amplifiers (FIG. 9B) is connected to the capacitor network. The comparators of the network 92 are connected one to one with the capacitive elements of the capacitive network 88. The comparators of the network 88 detect voltage variations occasioned by electromagnetic field disturbance due to a golf cub moving over certain of the capacitive elements of the motion plate. Each different golf club motion over the energized motion plate will produce a uniquely identifiable signal from the comparator amplifier network. There are a variety of known proximity sensors that could be gathered together in an array like that of the platelets 83 to serve as the transducer portion of the golf club motion detector.
 The electrical signal from the comparative amplifier network 92 is applied to an analog to digital signal converter 94 (ADC) and the ADC digitized output signal is converted into a serial digital data stream by a multiplexer 96. This data identifies each platelet having had its field disturbed. The serial digital data can be input directly by wire from a multiplexer 96 to the computer 28 located at the site of the golf player and golf club motion sensor plate 80, or as in the preferred embodiment, illustrated in FIG. 1, the serial data can be transmitted 100 and an antenna 102, included in the golf club motion electronic transmitter communication circuitry from FIG. 1.
 The computer 28, under the control of the golf system software, will analyze the serial digital club motion signal, recognize from the transmitted signals the platelets 83 over which the club head passed and display the golf club swing motion.
4. Wireless Signal Receiver and Computer
 At each player site, a wireless radio frequency signal receiver 26 is connected to the computer 28 by either the serial (USB) or parallel computer ports, as shown in the functional block diagram, FIG. 10. The wireless signal receiver 26 detects digitally coded radio frequency transmissions from the communication circuit associated with any of a smart golf club 20, a golf ball receptacle 22, or a golf club motion sensing plate 24, as shown in FIG. 1. The received transmission are demodulated by the RF receiver circuitry 122 (FIG. 10) connected to a microprocessor 124, which converts the demodulated data signal to serial binary coded data suitable for communications to a computer 28. The computer 28, under the control of the internally installed golf system software program, monitors and directs the flow of communications between remotely located players via the internet and displays the game simulations and performance information. In appropriate installations the wireless electromagnetic signals that communicate with the receiver may be infrared communications.
5. Computer Golfing Software
 At each remote player site, the computer 28 (FIG. 1) under the control of the golfing software program (shown in the golfing software system functional block diagram, FIG. 11) monitors and control initialization and the sequential play of the golf game, or alternatively, the individual player practice session. Upon start up by a player at a particular site, the system input parameters are set and the system internet and player port interfaces are initialized 130 as indicated by the arrows 130a and 130b. For internet communications, the serial port listener of the computer 28 is enabled in the preferred embodiment. A remote player event listener is initialized. It will communicate events from one or more of the smart golf club, the golf ball receptacle and the motion sensor plate. The main operational software (program) thread is run 130, and the system awaits data input from the appropriate computer communications ports at 132 (port), 133 (Remote player Socket Event Listener)
 If the competitive play mode has been selected, the program generates a player participation request and sends 134 the request to the GGC game internet server (GGC server) 34 (FIG. 1). Upon identification of a player opponent at 150 (FIG. 12) by the GGC server, the program initiates the player identification sequence 152 and sequential play begins 154 (This software sequence and control routine occurs at each remote site where play has been initiated. During the game play sequences 154, the program generates the appropriate animation, display, and audio data and commands 136 and 138 (FIG. 11), and communicates with the associated display and speaker devices 30 and 31 (FIG. 1). Upon the occurrence of a local player event, detected at 133, the main operating program at 130, displays the event at 136, and communicates the event at 132 by causing a device transmission at 137 to be send at 134 via the internet GGC server 135 which displays the event for the opposing player and alerts the opposing player it is his/her turn to play. The local player event may be, but is not limited to the smart golf club impacting a ball, the swing of a club across the sensing plate or the balls entry into the receptacle. The program contains time delay limits for the player action, and delays of play beyond these limits generate play quit and disconnect signals.
 The event at 133 also has the effect of indicating at 139 that it is no longer the local players turn and enables (as indicated by line 139) the serial port listener at 132 to detect an event from the remote player, again via the internet.
 If the single player practice mode is selected, the internet communications sequences are disabled, other software sequential operating routines continue as above described and the players golf club stroke, ball-receptacle contact, and/or club swing motion sensor information are communicated only to the computer located at the players site and the performance information analyzed and displayer only at the local players site.
 When a game is won, lose, or terminated, the golf software system generates the appropriate output signals 156 (FIG. 12), displays the player performance information, and resets to initial pre-game conditions. If one player opponent quits the game or is "timed out" (due to excessive delay in play) and the remaining player wishes to continue play, the software resumes an internet search for another opponent 152 and 153.
 Using programming as contained in the accompanying microfiche appendix, one skilled in the art can readily accomplish the game programming described. Alternative programming too will be apparent from the foregoing functional description and the illustrations contained in the appended drawings
 While a preferred embodiment has been described, it will be appreciated that many variations and modifications in the system, its operation, and its various components may be made without departure from the spirit and scope of invention as set forth in the appended claims.
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