Patent application title: CORROSION INHIBITOR
Bernt O. Myrvold (Sarpsborg, NO)
Kristin Sandersen Gretland (Greaker, NO)
Tom Stylo (Torp, NO)
Rune Buvarp (Borgenhaugen, NO)
Bente Seljebakken Klausen (Sarpsborg, NO)
Guro Elise Fredheim (Sarpsborg, NO)
BORREGAARD INDUSTRIES LIMITED NORGE
IPC8 Class: AC23F1112FI
Class name: Anti-corrosion organic compound containing oxygen organic compound containing
Publication date: 2011-01-13
Patent application number: 20110006264
Patent application title: CORROSION INHIBITOR
Bernt O. Myrvold
Kristin Sandersen Gretland
Bente Seljebakken Klausen
Guro Elise Fredheim
KNOBBE MARTENS OLSON & BEAR LLP
Origin: IRVINE, CA US
IPC8 Class: AC23F1112FI
Publication date: 01/13/2011
Patent application number: 20110006264
It has surprisingly been discovered that simple diols and triols work as
corrosion inhibitors in concentrated organic and inorganic acids, e.g.
used as additives in metallic equipment in factories and plants. These
corrosion inhibitors are cheap and readily available in large quantities.
The diol and triol also reduces evaporation of the acid, and thus
improves the working environment.
1. A method of inhibiting corrosion of a metal that is in contact with an
organic or inorganic acid comprising mixing with said organic or
inorganic acid an amount of a diol or a triol sufficient to inhibit
corrosion of said metal.
2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the diol or triol comprises 10-90% of the total mixture.
3. The method according to claim 1, a triol is mixed with said organic or inorganic acid and said triol is glycerol.
4. The method according to claim 1 further comprising mixing an additional corrosion inhibitor.
5. The method according to claim 1, wherein a diol is mixed with said organic or inorganic acid and said diol is glycol.
6. A composition comprising sulfuric acid, sulfurous acid, hydrochloric acid, or formic acid and a diol.
7. The composition according to claim 6, wherein said diol is glycol.
8. A composition comprising sulfuric acid, sulfurous acid, hydrochloric acid, or formic acid and a triol.
9. The composition according to claim 8, wherein said triol is glycerol.
The present invention concerns the discovery that a diol or triol or
as mixture thereof provides a corrosion-reducing or inhibiting effect
when added to acids or acid containing compositions used in metal or
metallic equipment in production factories or plants for reducing or
inhibiting microbial growth. Such factories or plants may be factories or
plants for silage of grass, ensilage of fish and/or fish products,
continued treatment/ensilage of slaughterhouse waste and food waste or in
drinking facilities for farm house animals such as poultry or pigs.
Tanneries, metallurgic industry and pulp mills are other examples of
factories or plants where large amounts of acids are used.
Organic acids have many beneficial effects when it comes to controlling microbial growth. They are thus frequently used for the preservation of organic materials. Propionic acid is used as a grain preservative, for silage of grass and as a feed additive. Formic acid is used in ensilage of fish, slaughterhouse waste, food waste and grass, and also in pig and chicken feed. Acetic acid is used for conservation of fish. Benzoic acid is used for fish ensilage. Other acids, or mixture of acids, are also used. Organic acids are also used in the drinking water for pigs and poultry, among others. The addition of organic acids to compound feed for pigs, sheep, goats, poultry, cattle, horses, dogs, cats and fur-bearing animals has an efficacious effect on their growth and health. Further, the acid addition to compound feed reduces the amount of consumed compound feed per kg of growth without the increased growth affecting the quality of the meat. This reduces feed cost by reducing the feeding period and promoting better housing utilization.
Strong acids like sulfuric acid, sulfurous acid and hydrochloric acids are used in many processes. Tanning, metallurgy and pulping are just a few examples.
There are a number of problems, however, with using acids, and in particular strong acids such as formic acid or mineral acids, including the corrosion of the equipment. Acids are corrosive and yearly corrosion from handling these acids costs millions of dollar. There is considerable corrosion on storage tanks, pipes, valves and the mixing equipment in the production line for pelleted feed in particular. This drives up the operating costs and leads to the added burden of increased maintenance and system monitoring.
There are also problems with using volatile for those handling the product. Formic acid is particularly corrosive to skin and can cause damage from etching, which is why it full body protection is needed. As an example during pelleting process the temperature rises to 80-95 ° C., and some of the acid will evaporate. This leads to evaporation of some of the acid, the vapours of which can be dangerous on inhalation. Loss of acid through evaporation will not only cause environmental problems, but also have an economic cost.
Previously some of the adverse effects have been relieved by adding a polymeric strong acid such as lignosulfonic acid or its salt (Patent WO 00/27220, PCT/NO99/00309).
In the present invention the above-mentioned problems associated with the use of acids have been reduced by adding a diol or triol, in particular glycerol. Surprisingly, it has been shown that the reduced corrosion rates goes far beyond that expected from a dilution of the acid.
By diol is meant any organic compound with at two hydroxyl group, e.g. ethylene glycol or propylene glycol. By triol is meant any organic compound with three hydroxyl groups, e.g. glycerol. Diols and triols can be produced by fermentation, by hydrolysis or by trans-esterification. Glycerol is produced in large quantities from the saponification of fats and the trans-esterification of fats to fatty acid methyl esters during biodiesel production.
The diol or triol is added in quantities from 10 to 90% of the final mixture with the acids, preferably from 40 to 60%.
Sugar and sugar alcohols have previously been described as corrosion inhibitors (FR is 2 391 261A). The advantages of simple diols and triols are several. They are cheaper. They are liquid at room temperature, and thus easier to use in any formulation. With the use of a diol like glycol or the triol glycerol we are not using scarce food resources as chemical raw materials.
Glycerol has been shown to reduce skin corrosion in a formic acid that has been partly neutralised with ammonia (NO 307 591 B). We here show that diols or triols also function as a corrosion inhibitor for metals without any neutralisation of the acids.
The following examples are meant to illustrate the invention without limiting its scope in any way.
Carbon steel coupons C1018 were used for the corrosion tests. The coupons were sonicated in acetone for 10 minutes, then dried in a heating cabinet, cooled in a desiccator and weighed. They were hung in polypropylene strips inside the test bottles filled with acid and the added corrosion inhibitor. The bottles were sealed with plastic film to prevent evaporation of the acid. The test bottles were placed on magnetic stirrers to prevent diffusion gradients within the solution. After 3 days the steel coupons were removed form the bottles and washed with warm water and acetone before they were dried in a heating cabinet, cooled in a desiccator and weighed. All experiments were done in duplicate and the average corrosion rates are given.
Corrosion rates, CR (mm/year), were determined from the weight loss of the steel coupons using this equation:
CR = Weight loss ( g ) * 365 d / year * 10 mm / cm ρ Steel ( g / cm 3 ) * Surface area ( cm 2 ) * d ##EQU00001## ρSteel =7,718 g/cm3 Surface area =27, 2 cm2
The results from the different tests are shown in the tables below.
TABLE-US-00001 TABLE 1 The effect of glycerol concentration for a strong organic acid. Corrosion Improve- Composition rate/mm/year ment/% 10% water - 90% formic acid 6.7 -- 10% glycerol - 90% formic acid 4.1 38.8 25% water - 75% formic acid 5.0 -- 25% glycerol - 75% formic acid 3.2 36.0 50% water - 50% formic acid 7.5 -- 50% lignosulfonate solution - 50% formic acid 2.8 62.7 50% glycerol - 50% formic acid 1.3 82.7
We see that at all concentrations glycerol is at least as effective as the commercially used lignosulfonates.
TABLE-US-00002 TABLE 2 The effect of glycerol concentration for a weak organic acid. Corrosion Improve- Composition rate/mm/year ment/% 10% water - 90% propionic acid 4.52 -- 10% glycerol - 90% propionic acid 0.70 84.5 25% water - 75% propionic acid 5.57 -- 25% lignosulfonate solution - 75% 0.55 90.1 propionic acid 25% glycerol - 75% propionic acid 0.06 99.0 50% water - 50% propionic acid 2.80 -- 50% lignosulfonate solution - 50% 1.15 58.9 propionic acid 50% glycerol - 50% propionic acid 0.031 98.9
We see that at all concentrations glycerol is at least as effective as the commerically used lignosulfonates.
TABLE-US-00003 TABLE 3 The effect for various acids in a 50:50 wt % mixing ratio. Corrosion Improve- Composition rate/mm/year ment/% 50% water - 50% concentrated 114.8 -- hydrochloric acid 50% glycerol - 50% concentrated 83.8 27.0 hydrochloric acid 50% water - 50% sulfuric acid (30%) 181 -- 50% glycerol - 50% sulfuric acid (30%) 25.9 85.7 50% water - 50% propionic acid 2.8 -- 50% glycerol - 50% propionic acid 1.2 58.9 50% water - 50% formic acid 7.5 -- 50% glycerol - 50% formic acid 1.3 82.7
We see that glycerol is effective for several mineral acids and organic acids.
TABLE-US-00004 TABLE 4 The effect of various alcohols. Corrosion Improve- Composition rate/mm/year ment/% 50% water - 50% formic acid 7.5 -- 50% glycerol - 50% formic acid 1.3 82.7 50% glycol - 50% formic acid 2.9 61.7 50% ethanol - 50% formic acid 9.8 -31.1
We see that the diol and triol shows good corrosion inhibition, while the simple alcohol does not.
500 ml of 50:50 wt % glycerol:formic acid, lignosulfonate:formic acid, water:formic acid solutions were made. Pure formic acid was included as a reference. Exactly 100 g of each solution was placed in 2 different beakers.
The samples were kept at room temperature with and without stirring. The weight was recorded at 4 hours, 26 hours, 58 hours and 89 hours. The results are presented in FIGS. 1 and 2. We see that all additives reduce the weight loss at room temperature, but the triol is much more effective than the other additives.
Patent applications by BORREGAARD INDUSTRIES LIMITED NORGE
Patent applications in class Oxygen organic compound containing
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