Patent application title: BOTTLE AIR EVACUATION SYSTEM WITH STOPPER AND VACUUM PUMP
Gerard Kitchener (Victoria, AU)
Anthony Kitchener (North Melbourne, AU)
IPC8 Class: AB65B3104FI
Class name: Fluent material handling, with receiver or receiver coacting means evacuation apparatus
Publication date: 2010-02-25
Patent application number: 20100043917
A bottle air evacuation apparatus includes a stopper for a bottle with the
stopper having a valve component associated with a central aperture
through the stopper, along with a device for an upper portion of the
stopper for actuating a vacuum pump device when the stopper is placed in
a fixed receptor in a housing associated with the vacuum pump. The
stopper acts to trigger an electrical sensor in the receptor and the
housing is located within a wine storage facility, which can be a storage
cabinet. The device for actuating the vacuum pump may be an inductive or
conductive device and the stopper can be a resiliently compressible
material. The conductive device is a metallic strip located about the
exterior periphery of the stopper above the shoulder. The vacuum pump and
the wine storage cabinet or freezer or refrigerator preferably share a
common power supply.
14. A bottle air evacuation apparatus, comprising:a stopper for a bottle with said stopper having a central aperture therethrough;a valve component for the central aperture of said stopper; and,means for actuating a vacuum pump when said stopper is placed in a fixed receptor in a housing for the vacuum pump.
15. The bottle air evacuation apparatus according to claim 14, wherein said means for actuating a vacuum pump is an inductive device.
16. The bottle air evacuation apparatus according to claim 14, wherein said means for actuating a vacuum pump is a conductive device.
17. The bottle air evacuation apparatus according to claim 14, wherein said stopper is made of a substantially resiliently compressible material.
18. The bottle air evacuation apparatus according to claim 14, wherein said stopper has a peripheral shoulder that, when said stopper is located within an opening of a bottle, is located above a rim of the bottle.
19. The bottle air evacuation apparatus according to claim 18, wherein said means for actuating a vacuum pump is a conductive device that includes a metallic strip located about an exterior periphery of said stopper above said peripheral shoulder.
20. The bottle air evacuation apparatus according to claim 14, wherein said valve component is an elongate opening provided in an upper interior surface of said stopper, so that the elongate opening closes in an absence of actuating the vacuum pump and the elongate opening opens when the vacuum pump is actuated.
This invention relates to the area of beverage storage and in particular to the area of storing and preserving the quality of wines in incompletely filled wine bottles, such as occurs after partial use, such that deterioration of the contents due to oxidation is either avoided or Is minimal.
BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION
It is well known that wine requires the correct temperature and humidity to be stored correctly and to facilitate this process cooled cabinets are often used to store unopened wines. Once wine bottles have been opened however it is common for the unconsumed portion of an open bottle of wine to become oxidised with storage whether in a chilled facility or otherwise.
One means of preserving opened wines has been the removal of air in a bottle with insertion of an inert gas into the wine bottle, and resealing in some manner, however such methods have proven to be difficult to effect easily. Alternate means have included the removal of air by means of either electrical or hand operated air evacuation devices.
With these devices a specially adapted stopper with a valve is inserted into the mouth of a bottle and a vacuum pump device applied to the stopper such that air is largely removed from the bottle. These devices however have drawbacks such as excessive time and effort to actuate, in the case of hand held devices, and high cost and complexity in the case of electrically powered units which also have excessive space requirements.
In a standard embodiment of this type of operation the apparatus is mounted on a bench top or the like so that a bottle can be brought into proximity with the apparatus and engaged with it without requiring any particular manipulation of the bottle.
This stand alone type of apparatus is of course bulky and requires a particular area to be put aside for its specific purpose.
In addition these means of preserving the quality of opened bottles of wine do not address the problems associated with storing the wine which can only be adequately stored using specific purpose wine storage cabinets to avoid the problems associated with variable temperature and humidity.
Air evacuation from wine bottles is however an effective way of preserving wine in opened bottles and the use of a one way valve in a wine bottle stopper is desirable as a vacuum in the bottle is maintained for an appreciable period of time. It is however preferred that improved means of effecting this air evacuation be provided.
OUTLINE OF THE INVENTION
A first object of the invention is to ameliorate the problems associated with providing separate air evacuation means and appropriate wine storage means.
A second object of the invention is to provide alternative and improved means of effecting such air evacuation from bottles.
While the invention is discussed herein in terms of evacuating excess air from wine bottles it is understood that the concepts of the invention can be applied to any air evacuating equipment.
The invention is a bottle air evacuation system which includes a stopper for a bottle, which stopper has a valve component associated with a central aperture through the stopper, and means associated with an upper portion of the stopper to actuate a vacuum pump device when the stopper is placed in a fixed receptor in a housing associated with the vacuum pump.
It is preferred that the means for actuating the vacuum pump is that the stopper acts to trigger at least one electrical sensor in the receptor.
It is also preferred that the housing be located within a wine storage facility and that this facility be a wine storage cabinet.
It is preferred that the means to actuate the vacuum pump be a conductive device or alternately an inductive device.
It is preferred that the stopper be generally of a resiliently compressible material.
It is also preferred that the stopper be provided with a peripheral shoulder which can locate above a bottle rim.
It is further preferred that a conductive device which is a metallic strip be located about the exterior periphery of the stopper above the shoulder.
While any appropriate valve member may be used it is preferred that a simple elongate opening be provided in an upper interior surface of the stopper such that the opening seals in the absence of vacuum pump actuation and opens when a vacuum pump device is actuated.
It is further preferred that this aperture be reinforced.
For convenience sake it Is preferred that the vacuum pump device be located within a wine storage cabinet or other existent wine storage facility.
It may be preferred that the vacuum pump be located in the rear of a cooled cabinet and utilise its compressor or the vacuum pump may be located inside the cooled cabinet.
While it may be preferred that the wine storage facility be a specific purpose wine storage cabinet it may also be a unit combined with a freezer or refrigerator which is adapted for the storage conditions required or It may simply be associated with a standard refrigerator with no specific wine storage area.
In order that the invention may be more readily understood we shall describe by way of non limiting example a specific embodiment thereof with reference to the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIGURES
FIG. 1 Shows a wine cabinet and vacuum pump assembly;
FIG. 2 Shows cross-sections through the preferred stopper of the invention;
FIG. 3 Shows side and perspective views of the stopper of the invention;
FIG. 4 Shows the stopper inserted in a partly filled bottle;
FIG. 5 Shows the neck of a wine bottle and stopper inserted into the vacuum pump receptor;
DESCRIPTION OF AN EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION
The invention relates to a means for removing air from a bottle of wine, which is normally stored in a wine cabinet, from which bottle the wine has been at least partially removed. When the neck of a bottle is inserted into a receptor in the wine cabinet, interaction between a stopper and contacts in an adaptor or signal converter in the receptor causes air to flow from the bottle to the pump until a preset pressure is reached and a pressure switch stops the pump.
By this means a fast and repeatable vacuum may be obtained for multiple bottles of wine and after evacuation of the air the bottle of wine may be stored in the cabinet.
In one embodiment of the invention a cooled cabinet 10 is fitted with a vacuum pump 11 located adjacent a convenient part of the cabinet, in the case shown in FIG. 1 being the top, although the rear or anywhere chosen on the wine cabinet could be preferred. This vacuum pump 11 is connected by tube 12 to an internal receptor 16 in housing 14.
A custom designed stopper 30 is provided for a wine bottle 20 which stopper is adapted to cooperate with receptor 16 in the wine cabinet 10 such that when the stopper in the top of a bottle enters the housing 14 the pump 11 is actuated and air is evacuated from the bottle.
The vacuum pump is preferably powered from the same source as the cooled cabinet and a transformer ensures that the current through the receptor contacts is low. The source of power to the pump is however not restricted in the invention.
The means to activate the pump, and its Interaction with the stopper, is also not restricted In the invention however a preferred embodiment will be described as follows.
In this embodiment of the invention actuation of the pump is effected by conductive means.
The stopper 30 is manufactured from a generally resilient material and has a central aperture 31 therethrough and has a valve component 35 in an upper surface 34 of the stopper surmounting this central aperture. The valve 35 takes the form of an elongate slit in this upper surface 34 and upon actuation of the vacuum pump 11 air is drawn through this valve and from the bottle
The stopper is provided with a peripheral shoulder which surmounts the upper rim 25 of the bottle. A neck 37 extends above the shoulder 36 and a metallic conductive ring 38 surrounds the outer periphery of this neck.
When the bottle neck and stopper are Inserted into the housing 14 contact between of conductive ring 38 and contacts in the sides of receptor 16 in the housing causes a current to flow along conductors 32 which activates the vacuum pump 11. The precise switching means used to control the timing of the pump action is not restricted in the invention however it Is preferred that the pump switch off when the desired pressure has been reached.
At this time the bottle and stopper can be removed and a seal effected and the bottle may be stored in the cabinet.
Alternate means may be used to actuate the pump and these may include such things as a push button or perhaps opening the cabinet door, this could also be effected by quickly opening and closing the door. Similarly, should the pressure switch not act in a given time a timer may be used to turn off the pump.
It may also be preferred that a proximity sensor determine when the stopper is adjacent the adaptor and actuate the pump.
While the embodiment of the invention described is preferred alternative embodiments of the invention could include the following.
In one embodiment of the invention the stopper can be manufactured from an electrically conductive material such as a plastic polymer with a suitable conductive filler. The adaptor is made of non conductive material and fitted with two electrical contacts.
When the stopper is brought in close proximity with the adaptor and the conductive stopper touches the isolated contacts an electrical circuit is made.
By means of a sensitive relay the small electrical current flowing through the stopper may be used to initiate operation of the pump. After the pump runs it continues to do so until a pressure sensitive switch, or other such device, indicates that the desired bottle pressure has been reached. It is however preferable that direct electrical contact not be made.
The concept of the invention is not restricted to the configuration of the apparatus herein described and therefore, whilst we have described here an embodiment of the invention incorporating an air evacuation device in association with a wine storage device or the like, and also various means of actuating the air evacuation device, it is envisaged that other embodiments of the Invention will exhibit any number of and any combination of the features previously described. It is further to be understood that variations and modifications in this can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
Patent applications in class EVACUATION APPARATUS
Patent applications in all subclasses EVACUATION APPARATUS